1950 Austrian general strikes

The Austrian General Strikes of 1950 were masterminded by the Communist Party of Austria with half-hearted support of the Soviet occupation authorities.wikipedia
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Allied-occupied Austria

AustriaAllied occupationAllied occupation of Austria
Allied-occupied Austria was split into four occupation zones.
The government and the unions deadlocked in negotiations, and gave the communists the opportunity to organize the 1950 Austrian general strikes which became the gravest threat since the 1947 food riots.

Administration for Soviet Property in Austria

USIAcorporationRussian zone
In case of a conflict they counted on support from the Werkschutz, the paramilitary factory guard employed by the USIA and manned by communists.
A disproportionately high share of USIA staff were Austrian Communists, especially after the 1950 Austrian general strikes, when communists were fired en masse from non-USIA businesses.

Franz Olah

Olah battalion
With the police disabled, railroads were defended by their employees and the volunteers of the "Olah battalion".
Olah opposed the 1950 Austrian general strikes by means of force.

Communist Party of Austria

KPÖCommunist PartyAustrian Communist Party
The Austrian General Strikes of 1950 were masterminded by the Communist Party of Austria with half-hearted support of the Soviet occupation authorities.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The Austrian General Strikes of 1950 were masterminded by the Communist Party of Austria with half-hearted support of the Soviet occupation authorities. After the conclusion of World War II the territory of Austria, annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, was once again separated from Germany and placed under administration of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Marshall Plan

Marshall AidEuropean Recovery ProgramThe Marshall Plan
In August–October 1950 Austria faced a severe social and economic crisis caused by anticipated withdrawal of American financial aid and a sharp drop in real wages.

Real wages

real wagewage inflationreal average wages
In August–October 1950 Austria faced a severe social and economic crisis caused by anticipated withdrawal of American financial aid and a sharp drop in real wages.

Trade union

uniontrade unionistlabor union
Negotiations between the government and the trade unions stalled, and on September 26 the Communists launched the first general strike.

General strike

strikegeneral strikesstriking
Negotiations between the government and the trade unions stalled, and on September 26 the Communists launched the first general strike.

Social Democratic Party of Austria

SPÖSocial Democratic PartySocial Democrats
Austrian government, the Socialists and trade unions defused the situation and on September 27 the Communists backed off.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
The second strike of October 4–5, limited to Vienna and Soviet-occupied Lower Austria, also ended in a humiliating defeat. The Soviet Union controlled the provinces of Lower Austria, Burgenland and eastern districts of Upper Austria, but the city of Vienna, which lies within Lower Austria, was occupied by all four allies.

Lower Austria

NiederösterreichLowerArchduchy of Austria below the Enns
The second strike of October 4–5, limited to Vienna and Soviet-occupied Lower Austria, also ended in a humiliating defeat. The Soviet Union controlled the provinces of Lower Austria, Burgenland and eastern districts of Upper Austria, but the city of Vienna, which lies within Lower Austria, was occupied by all four allies.

Cold War

The Cold WarCold War eraCold-War
Historians agreed: "the developing strike was the most dangerous since the end of the war" (Bader), "few Cold War confrontations in Austria were more potentially explosive than the Communist-inspired strikes of September and October 1950" (Williams).

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
After the conclusion of World War II the territory of Austria, annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, was once again separated from Germany and placed under administration of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Anschluss

annexation of AustriaAnschlußannexation
After the conclusion of World War II the territory of Austria, annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, was once again separated from Germany and placed under administration of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
After the conclusion of World War II the territory of Austria, annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, was once again separated from Germany and placed under administration of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
After the conclusion of World War II the territory of Austria, annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, was once again separated from Germany and placed under administration of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
After the conclusion of World War II the territory of Austria, annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, was once again separated from Germany and placed under administration of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Austrian State Treaty

Austrian Independence TreatyTreaty of ViennaAllied Occupation of Austria
In 1949 they agreed on two-thirds of the draft of the Austrian State Treaty but its very future was vague, as had been shown by the partition of Germany.

History of East Germany

History of the German Democratic Republicsingle-party dictatorshipBodenreform
In 1949 they agreed on two-thirds of the draft of the Austrian State Treaty but its very future was vague, as had been shown by the partition of Germany.

Red Scare

Second Red ScareRed MenaceThe Red Scare
By summer of 1950 lack of progress with the Treaty and the communist scare of the Korean War had a grave impact on the Austrians' morale.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
By summer of 1950 lack of progress with the Treaty and the communist scare of the Korean War had a grave impact on the Austrians' morale.

Burgenland

Districts of BurgenlandGovernment of BurgenlandHistory of Burgenland
The Soviet Union controlled the provinces of Lower Austria, Burgenland and eastern districts of Upper Austria, but the city of Vienna, which lies within Lower Austria, was occupied by all four allies.

Upper Austria

OberösterreichUpperUpper Austrian
The Soviet Union controlled the provinces of Lower Austria, Burgenland and eastern districts of Upper Austria, but the city of Vienna, which lies within Lower Austria, was occupied by all four allies.

Linz

Linz, AustriaLinz an der DonauBiennale Cuvée, Linz
Austrian heavy industry (or what was left of it) concentrated around Linz, in the American zone, and in British-occupied Styria.