1960 United States presidential election

19601960 presidential election1960 election1960 presidential campaign1960 U.S. presidential electionpresidential electionelectionPresidentpresidential election of 19601960 US Presidential election
The 1960 United States presidential election was the 44th quadrennial presidential election.wikipedia
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John F. Kennedy

KennedyPresident KennedyJohn Kennedy
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee. The major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were John F. Kennedy, Governor Pat Brown of California, Senator Stuart Symington from Missouri, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson from Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse from Oregon, and Senator Hubert Humphrey from Minnesota.
In the 1960 presidential election, he narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.

Richard Nixon

Richard M. NixonNixonPresident Nixon
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee. Biographers Robert Caro and W. Marvin Watson offer a different perspective; they write that the Kennedy campaign was desperate to win what was forecast to be a very close race against Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.. In 1959, it looked as if Vice President Richard Nixon might face a serious challenge for the Republican nomination from New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller, the leader of the Republican moderate-liberal wing.
He waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1960, narrowly losing to John F. Kennedy, and he lost a race for governor of California to Pat Brown in 1962.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon JohnsonJohnsonLyndon Baines Johnson
He defeated Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson on the first presidential ballot of the 1960 Democratic National Convention, and asked Johnson to serve as his running mate. The major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were John F. Kennedy, Governor Pat Brown of California, Senator Stuart Symington from Missouri, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson from Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse from Oregon, and Senator Hubert Humphrey from Minnesota.
Johnson ran for the Democratic nomination in the 1960 presidential election.

1960 Democratic Party presidential primaries

1960 campaign1960 Democratic presidential nomination1960 Democratic primaries
Kennedy, a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, established himself as the Democratic front-runner with his strong performance in the 1960 Democratic primaries, including a key victory in West Virginia over Senator Hubert Humphrey.
The 1960 Democratic presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1960 U.S. presidential election.

1960 Democratic National Convention

1960Democratic National Convention1960 Democratic convention
He defeated Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson on the first presidential ballot of the 1960 Democratic National Convention, and asked Johnson to serve as his running mate.
In the general election, the Kennedy–Johnson ticket won an electoral college victory and a narrow popular vote plurality (slightly over 110,000 nationally) over the Republican candidates Vice President Richard M. Nixon and UN Ambassador Henry C. Lodge II.

United States presidential election

presidential electionpresidential electionsU.S. presidential election
The 1960 United States presidential election was the 44th quadrennial presidential election.
However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president (Warren G. Harding in 1920, John F. Kennedy in 1960, and Barack Obama in 2008).

Harry F. Byrd

Harry F. Byrd Sr.Harry F. Byrd, Sr.Harry Flood Byrd
Fourteen unpledged electors from Mississippi and Alabama cast their vote for Senator Harry F. Byrd, as did a faithless elector from Oklahoma.
Although Byrd never announced as a presidential candidate, he received many votes in the 1956 presidential election and 15 electoral votes in the 1960 election.

Stuart Symington

W. Stuart SymingtonWilliam S. SymingtonSecretary of the Air Force Stuart Symington
The major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were John F. Kennedy, Governor Pat Brown of California, Senator Stuart Symington from Missouri, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson from Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse from Oregon, and Senator Hubert Humphrey from Minnesota.
Symington sought the Democratic nomination in the 1960 presidential election with the backing of former President Truman, but the nomination went to John F. Kennedy.

Robert F. Kennedy

Robert KennedyBobby KennedyRobert
However, neither Johnson nor Stevenson was a match for the talented and highly efficient Kennedy campaign team led by Robert F. Kennedy.
Kennedy resigned from the committee to conduct his brother's campaign in the 1960 presidential election.

Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.LodgeHenry Cabot Lodge
Biographers Robert Caro and W. Marvin Watson offer a different perspective; they write that the Kennedy campaign was desperate to win what was forecast to be a very close race against Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr..
He was the Republican nominee for Vice President in the 1960 presidential election alongside incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon.

Nelson Rockefeller

Nelson A. RockefellerNelson Aldrich RockefellerNelson
In 1959, it looked as if Vice President Richard Nixon might face a serious challenge for the Republican nomination from New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller, the leader of the Republican moderate-liberal wing.
After unsuccessfully seeking the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, 1964 and 1968, Rockefeller was appointed vice president of the United States under President Gerald R. Ford, who ascended to the presidency following the August 1974 resignation of Richard Nixon.

Richard J. Daley

Richard DaleyMayor DaleyMayor Richard Daley
He accepted the congratulations of Ohio governor Michael DiSalle, Connecticut governor Abraham A. Ribicoff, Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley, and New York City mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr..
Daley played a major role in the history of the United States Democratic Party, especially with his support of John F. Kennedy in 1960 and of Hubert Humphrey in 1968.

Republican Party (United States)

RepublicanRepublican PartyR
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee. In 1959, it looked as if Vice President Richard Nixon might face a serious challenge for the Republican nomination from New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller, the leader of the Republican moderate-liberal wing.
Religion was a major dividing line between the parties before 1960, with Catholics, Jews, and Southern Protestants heavily Democratic and Northeastern Protestants heavily Republican.

Larry O'Brien

Lawrence F. O'BrienLarry O'BrianLawrence "Larry" O'Brien
Despite his brother's interference, John Kennedy was firm that Johnson was who he wanted as running mate and met with staffers such as Larry O'Brien, his national campaign manager, to say Johnson was to be vice president.
In 1959, he built the foundation for Kennedy's 1960 presidential campaign by touring the United States.

Vice President of the United States

Vice PresidentU.S. Vice Presidentvice presidential
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee.
Of the thirteen presidential elections from 1956 to 2004, nine featured the incumbent president; the other four (1960, 1968, 1988, 2000) all featured the incumbent vice president.

1960 Republican National Convention

1960Republican National Convention1960 Republican Convention
At the 1960 Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois, Nixon was the overwhelming choice of the delegates, with conservative Senator Barry Goldwater from Arizona receiving 10 votes from conservative delegates.
In the election, Nixon and Lodge lost to the Democratic ticket of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Faithless elector

faithless electorsvote of conscienceabstained
Fourteen unpledged electors from Mississippi and Alabama cast their vote for Senator Harry F. Byrd, as did a faithless elector from Oklahoma.
1 – 1960 election: Oklahoma Elector Henry D. Irwin, pledged for Republicans Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., contacted the other 218 Republican electors to convince them to cast presidential electoral votes for Democratic non-candidate Harry F. Byrd and vice presidential electoral votes for Republican Barry Goldwater, though most replied they had a moral obligation to vote for Nixon; Irwin voted for Byrd and Goldwater.

Michael DiSalle

Michael V. DiSalleMike DiSalle
He accepted the congratulations of Ohio governor Michael DiSalle, Connecticut governor Abraham A. Ribicoff, Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley, and New York City mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr..
DiSalle was Ohio's favorite son candidate for the Democratic nomination for the presidency in 1960.

Ohio

OHState of OhioOhio, USA
It is also the last election where the losing candidate won Ohio.
The Economist notes that "This slice of the mid-west contains a bit of everything American — part north-eastern and part southern, part urban and part rural, part hardscrabble poverty and part boomingsuburb", Since 1896, Ohio has had only two misses in the general election (Thomas E. Dewey in 1944 and Richard Nixon in 1960) and has the longest perfect streak of any state, voting for the winning presidential candidate in each election since 1964, and in 33 of the 37 held since the Civil War.

Missouri

MOState of MissouriMissouri, USA
The major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were John F. Kennedy, Governor Pat Brown of California, Senator Stuart Symington from Missouri, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson from Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse from Oregon, and Senator Hubert Humphrey from Minnesota.

Kinmen

Kinmen CountyQuemoyKinmen Islands
The main topic of this debate was whether military force should be used to prevent Quemoy and Matsu, two island archipelagos off the Chinese coast, from falling under Communist control.
For example, works that deal with the First and Second Taiwan Strait Crises (the Quemoy Incident ) and the 1960 U.S. presidential election debates when the islands received prominent worldwide news coverage all use 'Quemoy'.

Governor of California

GovernorCalifornia GovernorCalifornia
The major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were John F. Kennedy, Governor Pat Brown of California, Senator Stuart Symington from Missouri, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson from Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse from Oregon, and Senator Hubert Humphrey from Minnesota.

Unpledged elector

Unpledged Electorsunpledgedunpledged Democratic electors
The issue of the popular vote was complicated by the presence of several unpledged electors in the Deep South.
The 1960 election was the only election that saw unpledged electors actually elected to the electoral college.

Matsu Islands

MatsuLienchiang CountyLienchiang
The main topic of this debate was whether military force should be used to prevent Quemoy and Matsu, two island archipelagos off the Chinese coast, from falling under Communist control.
The phrase "Quemoy and Matsu" became part of American political language in the 1960 U.S. presidential election.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee.