Senate portrait, 1960
Major General Barry M. Goldwater in his United States Air Force uniform
Major General Barry M. Goldwater in his office at Bolling Air Force Base, Washington, D.C. in January 1967
President and Mrs. Kennedy, moments before his assassination
Major General Barry M. Goldwater piloting a Convair F-102 Delta Dagger in 1967
First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Lyndon B. Johnson with Senator Goldwater, January 16, 1964
Results by congressional district.
Ronald Reagan speaks for presidential candidate Goldwater in Los Angeles, 1964
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Presidential election results by state
Governor George Wallace of Alabama
Goldwater meets with President Ronald Reagan in the oval office, 1984
Senator Hiram Fong from Hawaii
President Ronald Reagan and Senator Goldwater award retired General Jimmy Doolittle, USAFR, with a fourth star, April 10, 1985
Governor William Scranton of Pennsylvania
Informal press conference August 7, 1974 (one day before Nixon announced his resignation) following a meeting between Goldwater, Senate Minority Leader Scott, House Minority Leader Rhodes and the President to discuss the Watergate scandal and impeachment process
Senator Margaret Chase Smith from Maine
Signing autographs at the Fiesta Bowl parade in 1983
Representative John W. Byrnes from Wisconsin
Most of the kachina dolls at the Heard Museum were donated by Goldwater
U.N. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., from Massachusetts
The Goldwater Crypt#64
Governor Jim Rhodes of Ohio
Barry M. Goldwater Terminal 4 entrance at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York
Barry Goldwater statue in National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C.
Former Governor Harold Stassen of Minnesota
The Barry Goldwater Memorial Park
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Presidential election results by county
Democratic presidential election results by county
Republican presidential election results by county
Unpledged electors presidential election results by county
"Other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of unpledged electors presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "Other" presidential election results by county

Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician and United States Air Force officer who was a five-term Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–1987) and the Republican Party nominee for president of the United States in 1964.

- Barry Goldwater

Incumbent Democratic United States President Lyndon B. Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee, in a landslide.

- 1964 United States presidential election
Senate portrait, 1960

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Georgia (U.S. state)

State in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina; to the northeast by South Carolina; to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean; to the south by Florida; and to the west by Alabama.

State in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina; to the northeast by South Carolina; to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean; to the south by Florida; and to the west by Alabama.

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, 1864
Martin Luther King Jr.'s tomb, on the grounds of Atlanta's urban Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park
Road to Brasstown Bald
Jekyll Island
Okefenokee Swamp
USGS map of Georgia elevations
Köppen climate classification types of Georgia
Image of March 1993 Storm of the Century covering the length of the east coast. The outline of Georgia is discernible in the center of the image.
Downtown Atlanta
Population density by census tract in the state of Georgia, 2018
The Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta, with the distinctive gold dome
Savannah City Hall
A cotton field in southern Georgia
Reverse of the U.S. State Quarter for Georgia
Fort Stewart
Filming of Captain America: Civil War in Atlanta, 2015
Savannah's River Street is a popular tourist destination.
The Fox Theatre in Midtown Atlanta, centerpiece of the Historic District
Kickoff, Sanford Stadium, Athens
Georgia Tech's Tech Tower
One of the entrances to the University of Georgia
The CNN Center in Atlanta
The Port of Brunswick and the Sidney Lanier Bridge
MARTA (rapid transit) train
Rosa laevigata (Cherokee rose), the state flower
Quercus virginiana (Live oak), the state tree at Valdosta State University

In 1964, it was one of only a handful of states to vote for Republican Barry Goldwater over Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson.

Oval Office photo, 1964

Lyndon B. Johnson

American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969.

American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969.

Oval Office photo, 1964
Seven-year-old Johnson with his trademark cowboy hat, c. 1915.
Johnson's boyhood home in Johnson City, Texas
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor James V. Allred of Texas, and Johnson, 1937. Johnson later used an edited version of this photo, with Allred airbrushed out, in his 1941 senatorial campaign.
LCDR Johnson, March 1942
Johnson as U.S. senator from Texas
Senate Desk X, used by all Democratic leaders, including Johnson, since Joseph Taylor Robinson
Johnson giving "The Treatment" to Senator Richard Russell in 1963, shortly after becoming president.
President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson outside the White House prior to a ceremony
Vice President Johnson and Attorney General Robert Kennedy meeting with civil rights leaders at the White House on June 22, 1963.
Opening Day of the 1961 baseball season. President Kennedy throws out the first ball at Griffith Stadium, the home field of the Washington Senators, as LBJ and Hubert Humphrey look on.
Vice President Johnson visiting Finland in September 1963; here seen with Mrs. Johnson, while Urho Kekkonen, the President of Finland, welcomes them.
LBJ is sworn in on Air Force One by Judge Sarah Hughes as Mrs. Johnson and Mrs. Kennedy look on.
Meeting with civil rights leaders Martin Luther King Jr. (left), Whitney Young, and James Farmer in the Oval Office in 1964
President Lyndon Johnson (left), alongside Illinois AFL-CIO President Reuben Soderstrom (center) and Vice President Stanley Johnson (right), speaks to the delegates of the 1964 Illinois AFL-CIO convention.
1964 presidential election results
President Lyndon B. Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr., and Rosa Parks at the signing of the Voting Rights Act on August 6, 1965
President Johnson signs the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 as Sen. Edward Kennedy, Sen. Robert Kennedy, and others look on
Former president Truman and wife Bess at Medicare Bill signing in 1965, as Lady Bird and Hubert Humphrey look on
Former President Lyndon B. Johnson (center left) and Vice President Spiro Agnew (center right) witness the liftoff of Apollo 11.
Aftermath from a race riot in Washington D.C., April 1968
Lady Bird Johnson and LBJ with Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos on September 12, 1966
Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Queen Farah Pahlavi with the Johnsons on their visit to the United States
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and General Westmoreland in Vietnam 1965
Awarding a medal to a U.S. soldier during a visit to Vietnam in 1966
Philippines President Marcos hosting the leaders of SEATO nations during the Manila Conference on the Vietnam War
Johnson greeting a crowd, 1966
Johnson talking with his Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1967
Vietnam War protestors march at the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. on October 21, 1967. Support for the war was dropping and the anti-Vietnam War movement strengthened.
Walt Whitman Rostow shows President Lyndon B. Johnson a model of the Khe Sanh area in February 1968
Tens of thousands of civilians were killed during the American bombing of North Vietnam in Operation Rolling Thunder.
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin (left) next to Johnson during the Glassboro Summit Conference
Countries visited by Johnson during his presidency
President Johnson meets with Republican candidate Richard Nixon in the White House, July 1968.
Johnson in the Oval Office in 1969, a few days before Richard Nixon's inauguration
With the appointment of Thurgood Marshall, Johnson placed the first African American on the Supreme Court.
Johnson with longer hair during an interview in August 1972, five months before his death
Johnson wearing a cowboy hat at his ranch in Texas, 1972
Johnson's grave
Johnson lying in state in the United States Capitol rotunda
Johnson's image as it appears in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
Johnson with his family in the Yellow Oval Room, Christmas 1968
Front view of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum located on the campus of the University of Texas in Austin, Texas
Entrance to the Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac

The following year Johnson was elected to the presidency when he won in a landslide against Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater.

Johnson received 61.1% of the popular vote in the 1964 presidential election; this makes his victory the largest share of the popular vote of any candidate since James Monroe's victory in 1820.

Deep South

Cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.

Cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.

Approximate geographic definition of the Deep South and neighboring regions in the greater Southern United States. The Deep South is consistently thought to include most or all of the states shown in red and overlaps into portions of those in orange. While the Census Bureau considers those in yellow to be part of the South, they are not typically attached to the Deep South geographic label. The inner core of the region, characterized by very rich black soil that supported cotton plantations, is known as the Black Belt (geological formation). The Black Belt in the American South has since become better known as a sociocultural region.
Southern Black Belt counties with an African-American population of 30% or higher in 2000
2000 Census Population Ancestry Map, with African-American ancestry in purple.

Beginning with the Goldwater–Johnson election of 1964, a significant contingent of white conservative voters in the Deep South stopped supporting national Democratic Party candidates and switched to the Republican Party.

Political scientist Seth McKee concluded that in the 1964 presidential election, "Once again, the high level of support for Goldwater in the Deep South, and especially their Black Belt counties, spoke to the enduring significance of white resistance to black progress."

Richard Nixon

The 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974.

The 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974.

Nixon (second from right) makes his newspaper debut in 1916, contributing five cents to a fund for war orphans. His brother Donald is to his right.
Nixon at Whittier High School, 1930
Nixon's family: Julie and David Eisenhower, President Nixon, First Lady Pat Nixon, Tricia and Edward Cox (December 24, 1971)
Lieutenant Commander Richard Nixon, United States Navy (circa 1945)
Nixon's congressional campaign flyer
Nixon campaigning for the Senate, 1950
Nixon campaigns in Sausalito, California, 1950
Official Vice Presidential portrait
Front cover of literature for the Eisenhower–Nixon campaign, 1952
Nikita Khrushchev and Nixon speak as the press looks on at the Kitchen Debate, July 24, 1959
John F. Kennedy and Nixon before their first televised 1960 debate
1960 electoral vote results
Nixon and Lyndon Johnson leave the White House for the Kennedy–Johnson inauguration
Nixon shows his papers to an East German officer to cross between the sectors of the divided City of Berlin, 1963
Nixon and Johnson meet at the White House before Nixon's nomination, July 1968
Nixon campaigning July 1968
1968 electoral vote results; the popular vote between Nixon and Humphrey was less than one percentage point apart
Nixon is sworn in as the 37th President by Chief Justice Earl Warren. The new First Lady, Pat, holds the family Bible.
Mao Zedong and Nixon
Nixon delivers an address to the nation about the incursion in Cambodia
Nixon visits American troops in South Vietnam, July 30, 1969
Nixon with Mexican president Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (to his right); motorcade in San Diego, California, September 1970
Nixon with Brezhnev during the Soviet leader's trip to the U.S., 1973
Nixon with President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, June 1974
Nixon at the Washington Senators' 1969 Opening Day with team owner Bob Short (arms folded) and Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn (hand on mouth). Nixon's aide, Major Jack Brennan, sits behind them in uniform.
Nixon gives 1971 State of the Union Address
Official Nixon portrait by James Anthony Wills, c. 1984
Graph of increases in U.S. incarceration rate
Nixon visiting the Apollo 11 astronauts in quarantine aboard the aircraft carrier USS Hornet
1972 electoral vote results
Nixon takes questions at 1973 press conference
Demonstrator demands impeachment, October 1973
Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of the Watergate tapes, April 29, 1974
Nixon's farewell speech to the White House staff, August 9, 1974
President Ford announcing his decision to pardon Nixon, September 8, 1974, in the Oval Office
President Jimmy Carter and ex-Presidents Gerald Ford and Nixon meet at the White House before former Vice President Hubert Humphrey's funeral, 1978
Nixon speaking with Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping and U.S. President Jimmy Carter at the White House, 1979
President Ronald Reagan meets with his three immediate predecessors, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and Nixon at the White House, October 1981; the three former presidents would represent the United States at the funeral of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
Nixon with President Bill Clinton in the residence of the White House, March 1993
Five U.S. presidents (including then-incumbent President Bill Clinton) and their wives attending the funeral of Richard Nixon, April 27, 1994
The graves of President Richard Nixon and First Lady Pat Nixon
Richard Nixon's Presidential Library and Museum located in Yorba Linda, California
With Elvis Presley in December 1970: "The President & The King"
Presidents Gerald Ford, Nixon, George H.W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Jimmy Carter in 1991
Campaign button ironically emphasizing the personality and public image assessments discussed in this section
Nixon with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, June 1974.

The election was a disaster for the Republicans, as Goldwater's landslide loss to Johnson was matched by heavy losses for the party in Congress and among state governors.

Senate Minority Leader Hugh Scott, Senator Barry Goldwater, and House Minority Leader John Jacob Rhodes met with Nixon soon after.

Arkansas voted Democratic in all 23 presidential elections from 1876 through 1964; other states were not quite as solid but generally supported Democrats for president.

Solid South

The electoral voting bloc of the states of the Southern United States for issues that were regarded as particularly important to the interests of Democrats in those states.

The electoral voting bloc of the states of the Southern United States for issues that were regarded as particularly important to the interests of Democrats in those states.

Arkansas voted Democratic in all 23 presidential elections from 1876 through 1964; other states were not quite as solid but generally supported Democrats for president.
United States during the Civil War. Blue represents free Union states, including those admitted during the war; light blue represents border states; red represents Confederate states. Unshaded areas were not states before or during the Civil War
The "Solid South" from 1880–1912.
Missouri goes for Republican Theodore Roosevelt in the 1904 election. (Cartoon by John T. McCutcheon.)

The Southern bloc existed especially between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964.

In contrast, Johnson's Republican opponent, Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, voted against the Civil Rights Act, believing it enhanced the federal government and infringed on the private property rights of businessmen.

United States President John F. Kennedy addresses the nation on civil rights on June 11, 1963

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.

Landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.

United States President John F. Kennedy addresses the nation on civil rights on June 11, 1963
Following the March on Washington on August 28, 1963, civil rights leaders met with President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson to discuss civil rights legislation.
First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X at the United States Capitol on March 26, 1964, listening to the Senate debate on the bill. This was the only time the two men ever met; their meeting lasted only one minute.
United States President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Among the guests behind him is Martin Luther King Jr.
A map showing the each Senator's Vote on the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
The record of the roll call vote kept by the House Clerk on final passage of the bill
Engrossing copy of H.R. 7152, which added sex to the categories of persons against whom the bill prohibited discrimination, as passed by the House of Representatives
United States President Lyndon B. Johnson speaks to a television camera at the signing of the Civil Rights Act in 1964

Northern Republicans: 27–5 (84–16%) – Norris Cotton (NH), Barry Goldwater (AZ), Bourke Hickenlooper (IA), Edwin Mecham (NM), and Milward Simpson (WY) voted against

Johnson, however, went on to win the 1964 election by one of the biggest landslides in American history.

1980 United States presidential election

The 49th quadrennial presidential election.

The 49th quadrennial presidential election.

Ronald Reagan campaigning with his wife Nancy and Senator Strom Thurmond in Columbia, South Carolina, October 10, 1980
Ronald Reagan campaigning in Florida
Ronald Reagan shaking hands with supporters at a campaign stop in Indiana
President Carter (left) and former Governor Reagan (right) at the presidential debate on October 28, 1980
Election results by county
Results by congressional district
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote

Due to the rise of conservatism following Reagan's victory, some historians consider the election to be a political realignment that began with Barry Goldwater's presidential campaign in 1964, and the 1980 election marked the start of the Reagan Era.

New Deal coalition

American political coalition that supported the Democratic Party from 1932 until the late 1960s.

American political coalition that supported the Democratic Party from 1932 until the late 1960s.

Democrats had traditionally solid support in Southern states (which led the region to be dubbed the Solid South), but this electoral dominance began eroding in 1964, when Barry Goldwater achieved unprecedented GOP support in the Deep South; all of the states he won in the Electoral College, bar his home state Arizona, had voted for Democrat John F. Kennedy in 1960.

Lyndon B. Johnson portrait, taken in December 1963

Daisy (advertisement)

Controversial political advertisement that aired on television as part of Lyndon B. Johnson's 1964 presidential campaign.

Controversial political advertisement that aired on television as part of Lyndon B. Johnson's 1964 presidential campaign.

Lyndon B. Johnson portrait, taken in December 1963
Barry Goldwater in September 1962

Though officially aired only once, it is considered one of the most important factors in Johnson's landslide victory over the Republican Party's candidate, Barry Goldwater, and a turning point in political and advertising history.

Official portrait, 1975

Nelson Rockefeller

American businessman and politician who served as the 41st vice president of the United States from December 1974 to January 1977, and previously as the 49th governor of New York from 1959 to 1973.

American businessman and politician who served as the 41st vice president of the United States from December 1974 to January 1977, and previously as the 49th governor of New York from 1959 to 1973.

Official portrait, 1975
Nelson Rockefeller, Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1940)
Rockefeller (right) with Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas in 1942
Nelson Rockefeller, Under Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, makes a presentation on a proposed public/private health reinsurance program, 1954.
Vice President Rockefeller (right) with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, January 3, 1975.
Gov. Rockefeller meets with President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1968
Rockefeller addresses a February 1975 meeting of the Commission on Critical Choices for Americans
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Rockefeller campaigning for the Republican presidential nomination in 1968
Rockefeller (front row, 5th from left) at the 1976 Republican National Convention along with (left to right) Robert Dole, Nancy Reagan, Ronald Reagan, President Gerald Ford, Susan Ford and Betty Ford.
Vice President Rockefeller (right) and his wife Happy (second on left) entertain President Gerald R. Ford (left) his wife Betty (second on right) and their daughter Susan (center) at Number One Observatory Circle on September 7, 1975.
Rockefeller and President Jimmy Carter in October 1977
Nelson A. Rockefeller Park is an enclave within Battery Park City in New York City.

Rockefeller, as the leader of the Republicans' "Eastern Establishment," began as the front-runner for the 1964 nomination against conservative Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, who led the conservative wing of the Republican Party.