1970 Bhola cyclone

Bhola cyclonecycloneOperation Burlap1970 Bhola cyclone in Bangladesh1970 cycloneBangladesh arises from disasterCategory-3cyclone of 1970cyclone struck BangladeshCylone Bhola
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan and India's West Bengal on November 3, 1970.wikipedia
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1970 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

1970North Indian Ocean
This cyclone was the sixth cyclonic storm of the 1970 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, and also the season's strongest.
The most significant storm of the season was the Bhola cyclone, which formed in the Bay of Bengal and hit Bangladesh on November 12.

East Pakistan

East-PakistanEastGovernor of East Pakistan
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan and India's West Bengal on November 3, 1970.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was one of the deadliest natural disasters of the 20th century.

1971 Bangladesh genocide

1971 Bangladesh atrocitiesgenocideBangladesh genocide
During the election that took place a month later, the opposition Awami League gained a landslide victory in the province, and continuing unrest between East Pakistan and the central government triggered the Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to widespread atrocities and eventually concluded with the creation of the country of Bangladesh. This storm as well as the Bangladesh Liberation War and 1971 Bangladesh genocide and the subsequent refugees led ex-Beatle George Harrison and Bengali musician Ravi Shankar to organize The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 in Madison Square Garden, New York City.
The slow response to the Bhola cyclone which struck on 12 November 1970 is widely seen as a contributing factor in the December 1970 general election.

Natural disaster

natural disastersnaturaldisaster
It remains the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded and one of the deadliest natural disasters. The Bhola cyclone is the deadliest tropical cyclone on record and also one of the deadliest natural disasters in modern history.
The deadliest hurricane ever was the 1970 Bhola cyclone; the deadliest Atlantic hurricane was the Great Hurricane of 1780 which devastated Martinique, St. Eustatius and Barbados.

The Concert for Bangladesh

Concert for BangladeshBangladesh aid projectConcert for Bangla Desh
This storm as well as the Bangladesh Liberation War and 1971 Bangladesh genocide and the subsequent refugees led ex-Beatle George Harrison and Bengali musician Ravi Shankar to organize The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 in Madison Square Garden, New York City.
East Pakistan had recently endured devastation as a result of the Bhola cyclone, and the Bengalis' desperate plight increased in March that year when torrential rains and floods arrived in the region, threatening a humanitarian disaster.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
During the election that took place a month later, the opposition Awami League gained a landslide victory in the province, and continuing unrest between East Pakistan and the central government triggered the Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to widespread atrocities and eventually concluded with the creation of the country of Bangladesh.
A cyclone devastated the coast of East Pakistan in 1970, killing an estimated 500,000 people, and the central government was criticised for its poor response.

List of natural disasters by death toll

deadliest natural disasters in recorded historydeadliest wildfiresList of deadliest natural disasters
The Bhola cyclone is the deadliest tropical cyclone on record and also one of the deadliest natural disasters in modern history.

Bangladesh Liberation War

Liberation War of Bangladeshliberation warBangladesh War of Independence
During the election that took place a month later, the opposition Awami League gained a landslide victory in the province, and continuing unrest between East Pakistan and the central government triggered the Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to widespread atrocities and eventually concluded with the creation of the country of Bangladesh.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone made landfall on the East Pakistan coastline during the evening of 12 November, around the same time as a local high tide, killing an estimated 300,000 to 500,000 people.

Tropical cyclone

hurricanetropical stormhurricanes
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan and India's West Bengal on November 3, 1970. The Bhola cyclone is the deadliest tropical cyclone on record and also one of the deadliest natural disasters in modern history.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone is considered to be the deadliest tropical cyclone on record, which killed around 300,000 people, after striking the densely populated Ganges Delta region of Bangladesh on November 13, 1970.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
The cyclone formed over the central Bay of Bengal on November 8, and traveled northward, intensifying as it did so.

Storm surge

storm tidetidal surgestorm surges
At least 500,000 people lost their lives in the storm, primarily as a result of the storm surge that flooded much of the low-lying islands of the Ganges Delta.
The deadliest storm surge on record was the 1970 Bhola cyclone, which killed up to 500,000 people in the area of the Bay of Bengal.

1970 Pakistani general election

1970general elections1970 general elections
During the election that took place a month later, the opposition Awami League gained a landslide victory in the province, and continuing unrest between East Pakistan and the central government triggered the Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to widespread atrocities and eventually concluded with the creation of the country of Bangladesh.
A month before the election, the Bhola cyclone struck East Pakistan.

Ganges Delta

Gangetic DeltaBengal deltaGanges-Brahmaputra Delta
At least 500,000 people lost their lives in the storm, primarily as a result of the storm surge that flooded much of the low-lying islands of the Ganges Delta.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone killed 500,000 people (official death toll), with another 100,000 missing.

1970 Pacific typhoon season

1970Typhoon Nancy (1970)1970 season
The remnants of Tropical Storm Nora from the West Pacific, which had lasted for two days in the South China Sea, moved west over the Malay Peninsula on November 5.
The remnants of Tropical Storm Nora contributed to the formation of the 1970 Bhola cyclone which devastated East Pakistan (Modern day Bangladesh).

George Harrison

GeorgeHarrisonCarl Harrison
This storm as well as the Bangladesh Liberation War and 1971 Bangladesh genocide and the subsequent refugees led ex-Beatle George Harrison and Bengali musician Ravi Shankar to organize The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 in Madison Square Garden, New York City.
In early 1971, Ravi Shankar consulted Harrison about how to provide aid to the people of Bangladesh after the 1970 Bhola cyclone and the Bangladesh Liberation War.

1991 Bangladesh cyclone

Operation Sea Angelcyclone of 1991catastrophic April 1991 cyclone
The Bhola cyclone was not the most powerful of these, however; the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone was significantly stronger when it made landfall in the same general area, as a Category 5-equivalent cyclone with 260 km/h winds.
In 1970, a cyclone struck Bangladesh and killed at least 300,000 people.

Pre-1975 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons

Pre-1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons19711972
Following two previously destructive cyclones in October 1960 which killed at least 16,000 people in East Pakistan, the Pakistani government contacted the American government for assistance in developing a system to avert future disasters.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and India's West Bengal on November 12, 1970.

Tropical cyclone basins

basinSouth Pacific basinbasins
Although the North Indian Ocean is the least active of the tropical cyclone basins, the coast of the Bay of Bengal is particularly vulnerable to the effects of tropical cyclones.
Although the North Indian Ocean is a relatively inactive basin, extremely high population densities in the Ganges and Ayeyarwady Deltas mean that the deadliest tropical cyclones in the world have formed here, including the 1970 Bhola cyclone, which killed 500,000 people.

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Mujibur RahmanSheikh MujibBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
The Awami League, headed by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, swept to a landslide victory in the national elections in December 1970, in part because of dissatisfaction over failure of the relief efforts by the national government.
A major coastal cyclone struck East Pakistan on 12 November 1970, leaving hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced.

Bhola Island

Dakhin Shahbazpur
A flight over the area showed the devastation was complete throughout the southern half of Bhola Island, and the rice crops of Bhola Island, Hatia Island and the nearby mainland coastline were destroyed.
In 1970 it was affected by the devastating Bhola Cyclone which completely devastated the southern half of the island and also destroyed the rice crop.

List of Bangladesh tropical cyclones

cyclones
Among them, the 1970 Bhola cyclone alone claimed approximately 300,000 to 500,000 lives, making it the deadliest tropical cyclone on record.

Disasters Emergency Committee

DECDEC Disasters Emergency Committee
An appeal by the British Disasters Emergency Committee raised about £1.5 million (£ million in ) for disaster relief in East Pakistan.

Syed Mohammad Ahsan

S.M. AhsanS. M. AhsanAdmiral S.M. Ahsan
The governor of East Pakistan, Vice Admiral S. M. Ahsan, denied charges that the armed forces had not acted quickly enough and said supplies were reaching all parts of the disaster area except for some small pockets.
In 1970, his government coordinated efforts to rehabilitate the infrastructure after the deadly cyclone and used the military coordinate to relief operations after meeting with President Yahya who had instruct him to "take charge".