1977 Israeli legislative election

1977 elections19779ninth Knesset1977 electionMay 1977 elections1977 Knesset electionselectionelections9th
Legislative elections were held in Israel on 17 May 1977 to elect the ninth Knesset.wikipedia
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Likud

Likud PartyLikkudLikudnik
For the first time in Israeli political history, the right-wing, led by Likud, won a plurality of seats, ending almost 30 years of rule by the left-wing Alignment and its predecessor, Mapai.
Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power.

Yadlin affair

affairAsher Yadlin
The Yadlin affair of 1976 involved Asher Yadlin, a major fundraiser for the Labor Party (the major faction of the Alignment) and head of the Kupat Holim health-insurance program, who in September that year was about to be appointed Governor of the Bank of Israel.
It is often seen as one of the reasons for the "revolution" of the 1977 elections.

Israeli Labor Party

Labor PartyLaborLabour Party
The Yadlin affair of 1976 involved Asher Yadlin, a major fundraiser for the Labor Party (the major faction of the Alignment) and head of the Kupat Holim health-insurance program, who in September that year was about to be appointed Governor of the Bank of Israel.
In the 1977 elections, Labor ended up in opposition for the first time.

Haim Yavin

Chaim YavinHeintz Kluger
The dramatic shift in Israeli politics caused by the outcome led to it becoming known as "the revolution" (Hebrew: המהפך, HaMahapakh), a phrase coined by TV anchor Haim Yavin when he announced the election results live on television with the words "Ladies and gentlemen—a revolution!"
after Menachem Begin's Likud won the 1977 election.

Shimon Peres

PeresSimon PeresForeign Minister Peres
This led to a power struggle between former Chief of Staff and Ambassador to the United States Yitzhak Rabin and Transportation minister Shimon Peres.
Peres succeeded Rabin as party leader prior to the 1977 elections when Rabin stepped down in the wake of a foreign currency scandal involving his wife.

Prime Minister of Israel

Prime MinisterIsraeli Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
The Alignment was re-elected in December 1973, following the Yom Kippur War, but continued in-fighting and investigation into Israel's preparedness led to the resignations of Prime Minister Golda Meir and Minister of Defense, Moshe Dayan the following April.
Menachem Begin became the first right-wing prime minister when his Likud won the 1977 elections, and retained the post in the 1981 elections.

Yitzhak Rabin

Yitzchak RabinYitzak RabinRabin
This led to a power struggle between former Chief of Staff and Ambassador to the United States Yitzhak Rabin and Transportation minister Shimon Peres.
Following his resignation and Labour Party defeat at the elections, Likud's Menachem Begin was elected in 1977.

Haim Yosef Zadok

Haim ZadokHaim Joseph ZadokZadok
On 2 January, Rabin and Justice Minister Haim Yosef Zadok assured Ofer that everything possible would be done to expedite the inquiry.
In 1974 he became Minister of Justice, a position he held until the 1977 "Upheaval".

Moshe Dayan

DayanForeign Minister DayanMoyshe Dayan
The Alignment was re-elected in December 1973, following the Yom Kippur War, but continued in-fighting and investigation into Israel's preparedness led to the resignations of Prime Minister Golda Meir and Minister of Defense, Moshe Dayan the following April.
In 1977, despite having been re-elected to the Knesset for the Alignment, he accepted the offer to become Foreign Minister in the new Likud government led by Menachem Begin.

Menachem Begin

Menahem BeginBeginMenachim Begin
Although polls suggested that Likud may win a historic victory, party leader Menachem Begin suffered a heart attack shortly before the election, and did not participate in the campaign.
His 1977 electoral victory and premiership ended three decades of Labor Party political dominance.

Shinui

It consisted of several liberal movements (including Shinui), together with numerous public figures, including Amnon Rubinstein, Shmuel Tamir, Meir Amit, Meir Zorea and several other business leaders and academics, as well as some Israeli Arabs.
The party twice became the third-largest in the Knesset, but both occasions were followed by a split and collapse; in 1977, the party won 15 seats as part of the Democratic Movement for Change, but the alliance split in 1978, and Shinui was reduced to two seats at the next elections.

Alignment (Israel)

AlignmentLabor AlignmentAlignment party
For the first time in Israeli political history, the right-wing, led by Likud, won a plurality of seats, ending almost 30 years of rule by the left-wing Alignment and its predecessor, Mapai.
Peres led the party into the 1977 elections, which proved to be a historical turning point in Israeli political history: For the first time the left-wing were defeated.

National Religious Party

MafdalNRPNational Religious Front
Despite progress on the Egyptian front, settlement activity in the West Bank increased with support from Peres and some National Religious Party members.

United Arab List (1977)

United Arab Listoriginal United Arab ListUnited Arab List (1976)
Despite Arab MKs being brought into the government as Deputy Ministers for the first time in the early 1970s, support for the traditional Arab political parties such as Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers, which were aligned with Mapai and the Alignment, was on the wane, as they were replaced by independent Arab parties, such as the United Arab List formed in 1977 by former members of Alignment-allied parties.
In the 1977 elections the party won just one seat.

Left Camp of Israel

SheliShelly PartySheli party
The Left Camp of Israel was formed before the elections by the merger of Meri, Moked, the Independent Socialist Faction and some members of the Black Panthers.
The party was formed prior to the 1977 elections by the merger of Meri, Moked, the Independent Socialist Faction and some members of the Black Panthers.

Maki (political party)

RakahCommunist Party of IsraelMaki
Before the 1977 elections the party joined up with some other marginal left-wing and Arab parties, including some members of the Israeli Black Panthers to form Hadash.

Tehiya

Tehiya political partyTehyia
4 Two Likud MKs broke away to form Tehiya.
The party was formed in 1979 during the term of the ninth Knesset, when Geula Cohen and Moshe Shamir broke away from Herut in response to the Camp David Treaty between Egypt and Israel, particularly to the surrender of the Sinai peninsula to Egypt, and the eviction of its Israeli residents.

Yitzhak Yitzhaky (politician born 1936)

Yitzhak Yitzhaky
1 Shlomtzion merged into Likud, but Yitzhak Yitzhaky later broke away to form One Israel.
He was elected to the ninth Knesset as a member of Ariel Sharon's Shlomtzion.

Ratz (political party)

RatzCitizen Rights Party (Ratz)Citizen's Rights Party
Ariel Sharon, who had left Likud in 1975 to serve as an advisor to Rabin, formed a new party Shlomtzion, whilst Marcia Freedman, formerly a Ratz MK had formed the Women's Party.
Freedman did not return, instead forming the Social-Democratic Faction (later renamed the Independent Socialist Faction) with Eliav, and then breaking away again to form the Women's Party prior to the 1977 elections.

Amnon Rubinstein

It consisted of several liberal movements (including Shinui), together with numerous public figures, including Amnon Rubinstein, Shmuel Tamir, Meir Amit, Meir Zorea and several other business leaders and academics, as well as some Israeli Arabs.
In the 1977 elections, Dash won 15 seats in the Knesset.

Women's Party (Israel)

Women's Party
Ariel Sharon, who had left Likud in 1975 to serve as an advisor to Rabin, formed a new party Shlomtzion, whilst Marcia Freedman, formerly a Ratz MK had formed the Women's Party.
The party was established prior to the 1977 elections, with the founders including Israeli-American Marcia Freedman.

Shlomtzion (political party)

ShlomtzionShlomtzion Party
Ariel Sharon, who had left Likud in 1975 to serve as an advisor to Rabin, formed a new party Shlomtzion, whilst Marcia Freedman, formerly a Ratz MK had formed the Women's Party.
Founded by Ariel Sharon in 1977 prior to elections that year, it merged into Likud immediately after the Knesset term began.

Avraham Ofer

Ofer
The Yadlin affair also brought Minister of Housing Avraham Ofer to the police's attention, In November 1976, Yigal Laviv, a correspondent of the weekly HaOlam HaZeh who had also been involved in airing the charges against Yadlin, gave the police information on 30 different matters raising suspicions of offences committed by Ofer, including allegations of embezzlement in Shikun Ovdim funds in favour of the party.
The succession of scandals led Rabin's opponents to charge that he lacked the ability to lead, and in the 1977 elections the Alignment indeed lost.

Independent Liberals (Israel)

Independent LiberalsIndependent Liberal
The 1977 elections saw the party win only one seat, barely crossing the 1% electoral threshold (they received 1.3% of the vote).