1978 New Zealand general election

19781978 election1978 general election25 November 1978general election1978 general elections1978 electionselection of 1978
The 1978 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to elect the 39th New Zealand Parliament.wikipedia
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39th New Zealand Parliament

39th39th Parliament
The 1978 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to elect the 39th New Zealand Parliament.
The 39th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand which began with the general election held on 25 November 1978, and finished with the general election held on 28 November 1981.

Robert Muldoon

Rob MuldoonMuldoonSir Robert Muldoon
It saw the governing National Party, led by Robert Muldoon, retain office, but the opposition Labour Party won the largest share of the vote.
Muldoon led his party to two additional election victories in 1978 and 1981.

Winston Peters

Rt Hon Winston PetersPeters, Winston Winston Peters
While the Hunua Electorate was initially won by Malcolm Douglas (Labour), the result was overturned by the High Court and Winston Peters (National) became the MP for Hunua.
Widely known simply as "Winston", Peters has had a long and turbulent political career since first entering Parliament following the National Party win of the 1978 general election.

New Zealand National Party

National PartyNationalThe National Party
It saw the governing National Party, led by Robert Muldoon, retain office, but the opposition Labour Party won the largest share of the vote. The National Party had won a resounding victory in the 1975 elections, taking fifty-five of the eighty-seven seats and ousting the Labour Party from government.
Under Muldoon, National won three consecutive general elections in 1975, 1978 and 1981.

Bruce Beetham

Bruce Craig BeethamBeetham, Bruce
Not long before the 1978 election, a by-election in Rangitikei caused considerable comment when it introduced a third party to Parliament: Bruce Beetham, leader of the Social Credit Party.
He retained the seat in the general election later that year, and the Social Credit Political League polled 16 percent of the vote nationwide, its best result to date.

Malcolm Douglas (politician)

Malcolm DouglasMalcolm
While the Hunua Electorate was initially won by Malcolm Douglas (Labour), the result was overturned by the High Court and Winston Peters (National) became the MP for Hunua.
He represented the electorate from 25 November 1978 after the 1978 general election, until 24 May 1979, when he was unseated by a decision of the Electoral Court in favour of Winston Peters.

Social Credit Party (New Zealand)

Social Credit PartySocial CreditDemocratic Party
Not long before the 1978 election, a by-election in Rangitikei caused considerable comment when it introduced a third party to Parliament: Bruce Beetham, leader of the Social Credit Party.
Beetham retained his seat in the 1978 general election.

Bill Rowling

RowlingSir Wallace RowlingWallace (Bill) Rowling
Labour had been led by Bill Rowling, who had assumed the post of Prime Minister on the death in office of the popular Norman Kirk.
In the 1978 and 1981 elections, Labour actually secured more votes than the National Party but failed to gain a majority of seats.

New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
It saw the governing National Party, led by Robert Muldoon, retain office, but the opposition Labour Party won the largest share of the vote. The National Party had won a resounding victory in the 1975 elections, taking fifty-five of the eighty-seven seats and ousting the Labour Party from government.

Hutt (New Zealand electorate)

HuttHutt electorateLower Hutt
When the seat was split into Eastern Hutt and Western Hutt in 1978, Young won the new Eastern Hutt seat for Labour.

Third National Government of New Zealand

Third National GovernmentNational GovernmentMuldoon government
The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established by an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.

Ruahine (New Zealand electorate)

Ruahine
Gandar was defeated in 1978 general election in Rangitikei by Bruce Beetham.

Ashburton (New Zealand electorate)

AshburtonAshburton electorate
A third electorate named Ashburton was created for the 1978 election.

Selwyn (New Zealand electorate)

SelwynSelwyn electorateelectorate
A Selwyn electorate also existed between 1946 and 1972 and again from 1978 until it was absorbed by Rakaia for the first MMP election in 1996.

Waitakere (New Zealand electorate)

Waitakereelectorate of WaitakereMember of Parliament for Waitakere
The Waitakere electorate existed from the 1946 election to 1969, and from the 1978 election to 1987.

Waitaki (New Zealand electorate)

WaitakiWaitaki electorate
The Waitaki electorate has existed four times: in 1871 to 1946; in 1957 to 1969; in 1978 to 1996 and lastly since.

1975 New Zealand general election

19751975 election1975 general election
The National Party had won a resounding victory in the 1975 elections, taking fifty-five of the eighty-seven seats and ousting the Labour Party from government.

Prime Minister of New Zealand

Prime MinisterPremierNew Zealand Prime Minister
Labour had been led by Bill Rowling, who had assumed the post of Prime Minister on the death in office of the popular Norman Kirk.

Norman Kirk

KirkKirk, NormanNew Zealand
Labour had been led by Bill Rowling, who had assumed the post of Prime Minister on the death in office of the popular Norman Kirk.

1978 Rangitikei by-election

Rangitikei by-electionRangitikei by-election, 19781978
Not long before the 1978 election, a by-election in Rangitikei caused considerable comment when it introduced a third party to Parliament: Bruce Beetham, leader of the Social Credit Party.

Census

UK censuscensusespopulation census
These included combining the re-enrolment process with the taking of the 1976 census and replacing existing Justice Department registrars with electorate officers appointed from Post Office Staff.

Māori people

MāoriMaoriNew Zealand Māori
That a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card had little practical effect for the electoral redistribution for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in.

North Island

NorthEast CoastNorth Island of New Zealand
Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, that resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.