1982–83 El Niño event

1982–83El Niño event1982-831982-83 El Niño1982-83 El Niño event1983El NiñoEl Niño winter of 1982–1983
The 1982–83 El Niño event was one of the strongest El Niño events since records were kept.wikipedia
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El Niño

El NinoEl Nino-Southern OscillationEl Niño Southern Oscillation
The 1982–83 El Niño event was one of the strongest El Niño events since records were kept.
Modern day research and reanalysis techniques have managed to find at least 26 El Niño events since 1900, with the 1982–83, 1997–98 and 2014–16 events among the strongest on record.

1983 Pacific hurricane season

1983Winnie1983 season
This El Niño event also led to an abnormal number of hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean during this time span; the strongest hurricane up to 1983 hit Hawaii during this El Niño event.
The decaying 1982–83 El Niño event likely contributed to this level of activity.

Galapagos penguin

Galápagos penguinpenguinGalápagos penguins
It led to declines of 77% among Galápagos penguins and 49% among flightless cormorants.
This was especially detrimental during the 1982-83 El Niño, where a decline in population of 77% was observed.

Desmarestia tropica

D. tropica
In the Galápagos Islands, the event killed much of the macroalgae in the area, and Desmarestia tropica is now possibly extinct from overgrazing by herbivores caused by overfishing of predator fish resulting from the event.
Because of its preference for deep, cold water in a tropical location, it was likely severely affected by El Niño, especially the 1982–83 El Niño event.

Drought

droughtsdrought reliefdry
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

Flood

floodingfloodsflood control
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

Winter

austral wintermeteorological winterwintering
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

Middle latitudes

mid-latitudesmid-latitudemiddle latitude
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

Eurasia

EurasianEurasian continentWestern Eurasia
It led to droughts in Indonesia and Australia, widespread flooding across the southern United States, lack of snow in the northern United States, and an anomalously warm winter across much of the mid-latitude regions of North America and Eurasia.

United States dollar

US$$USD
The estimated economic impact was over US$8 billion.

Hurricane Iwa

IwaIwa (1982)Iwa of 1982
This El Niño event also led to an abnormal number of hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean during this time span; the strongest hurricane up to 1983 hit Hawaii during this El Niño event.

Hawaii

State of HawaiiHawaiʻiHI
This El Niño event also led to an abnormal number of hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean during this time span; the strongest hurricane up to 1983 hit Hawaii during this El Niño event.

Cormorant

Phalacrocoracidaecormorantsshag
It led to declines of 77% among Galápagos penguins and 49% among flightless cormorants.

Sea lion

sea lionssealionOtariinae
In addition to these losses in penguins and cormorants, this El Niño event caused a quarter of adult native sea lions and fur seals on Peru's coast to starve, while the entirety of both seals' pup populations perished.

Fur seal

fur sealssealArctocephalinae
In addition to these losses in penguins and cormorants, this El Niño event caused a quarter of adult native sea lions and fur seals on Peru's coast to starve, while the entirety of both seals' pup populations perished.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
In addition to these losses in penguins and cormorants, this El Niño event caused a quarter of adult native sea lions and fur seals on Peru's coast to starve, while the entirety of both seals' pup populations perished.

Galápagos Islands

Galapagos IslandsGalapagosGalápagos
In the Galápagos Islands, the event killed much of the macroalgae in the area, and Desmarestia tropica is now possibly extinct from overgrazing by herbivores caused by overfishing of predator fish resulting from the event.

Seaweed

macroalgaeseaweedssea weed
In the Galápagos Islands, the event killed much of the macroalgae in the area, and Desmarestia tropica is now possibly extinct from overgrazing by herbivores caused by overfishing of predator fish resulting from the event.

Extinction

extinctspecies extinction
In the Galápagos Islands, the event killed much of the macroalgae in the area, and Desmarestia tropica is now possibly extinct from overgrazing by herbivores caused by overfishing of predator fish resulting from the event.

Overgrazing

overgrazedover-grazinggrazing
In the Galápagos Islands, the event killed much of the macroalgae in the area, and Desmarestia tropica is now possibly extinct from overgrazing by herbivores caused by overfishing of predator fish resulting from the event.

Herbivore

herbivorousherbivoresherbivory
In the Galápagos Islands, the event killed much of the macroalgae in the area, and Desmarestia tropica is now possibly extinct from overgrazing by herbivores caused by overfishing of predator fish resulting from the event.