1982 British Army Gazelle friendly fire incident

2British Army Gazelle friendly fire incidentGazelle friendly fire incidenthigh-profile incidentincidentshoots downshot down by friendly fireXX377
On 6 June 1982, during the Falklands War, the British Royal Navy Type 42 destroyer engaged and destroyed a British Army Gazelle helicopter, serial number XX377, in a friendly fire incident, killing all four occupants.wikipedia
67 Related Articles

Sea Dart

Sea Dart missileSea Dart missile systemGuided Weapon System 30
One Sea Dart missile was fired, destroying the target.
An additional helicopter was shot down in a 'friendly fire' incident during the Falklands War.

Aérospatiale Gazelle

GazelleWestland GazelleGazelle AH.1
At around 02:00 a radar contact was detected; a British Army Air Corps Gazelle helicopter was making a routine delivery of personnel and equipment to a radio rebroadcast station on East Falkland.
In a high-profile incident of friendly fire on 6 June 1982, an Army Air Corps Gazelle was mistaken for a low-flying Argentine C-130 Hercules and was shot down by HMS Cardiff, a British Type 42 Destroyer.

Pleasant Peak

Meanwhile, pilots Staff Sergeant Christopher Griffin and Lance Corporal Simon Cockton, of 656 Squadron Army Air Corps, had been ordered to fly equipment and personnel to a malfunctioning radio re-broadcast station on top of Pleasant Peak.
It was the site of the 1982 British Army Gazelle friendly fire incident when HMS Cardiff shot down a British Army Gazelle helicopter, killing its four occupants.

No. 656 Squadron AAC

656 Squadron656 Squadron Army Air Corps656 Squadron AAC
Meanwhile, pilots Staff Sergeant Christopher Griffin and Lance Corporal Simon Cockton, of 656 Squadron Army Air Corps, had been ordered to fly equipment and personnel to a malfunctioning radio re-broadcast station on top of Pleasant Peak.

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (1980–1989)

Two A-4F Skyhawk aircraft
*List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (1980–1989)
; 6 June: Westland Gazelle AH1 XX377 is shot down by friendly fire from during the Falklands War

Falklands War

Falklands ConflictOperation CorporateFalklands
On 6 June 1982, during the Falklands War, the British Royal Navy Type 42 destroyer engaged and destroyed a British Army Gazelle helicopter, serial number XX377, in a friendly fire incident, killing all four occupants.

United Kingdom military aircraft serial numbers

serial numberserialUnited Kingdom military aircraft serials
On 6 June 1982, during the Falklands War, the British Royal Navy Type 42 destroyer engaged and destroyed a British Army Gazelle helicopter, serial number XX377, in a friendly fire incident, killing all four occupants.

Friendly fire

friendly-firefriendlyfriendly fire incident
On 6 June 1982, during the Falklands War, the British Royal Navy Type 42 destroyer engaged and destroyed a British Army Gazelle helicopter, serial number XX377, in a friendly fire incident, killing all four occupants.

Falkland Islands

FalklandsFalklands IslandsFalkland Island
Cardiff, on the lookout for aircraft flying supplies to the Argentine forces occupying the Falkland Islands, had misidentified the helicopter as an enemy C-130 Hercules. On 2 April 1982, the British overseas territory of the Falkland Islands was invaded by neighbouring Argentina.

Army Air Corps (United Kingdom)

Army Air CorpsBritish Army Air CorpsAAC
At around 02:00 a radar contact was detected; a British Army Air Corps Gazelle helicopter was making a routine delivery of personnel and equipment to a radio rebroadcast station on East Falkland.

East Falkland

East Falkland IslandEastEast Falkland (Isla Soledad)
At around 02:00 a radar contact was detected; a British Army Air Corps Gazelle helicopter was making a routine delivery of personnel and equipment to a radio rebroadcast station on East Falkland. In early May, British troops landed at San Carlos on the western side of East Falkland, and from there moved overland towards the islands' capital of Stanley.

Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)

Ministry of DefenceMoDUK Ministry of Defence
Defending their claim that the helicopter had been lost in action, the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence (MoD) stated that they had not wanted to "cause further anguish to relatives" while they were still trying to ascertain how the Gazelle had been shot down.

5th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

5th Infantry Brigade5th Airborne Brigade5th Brigade
A lack of communication between the army and the navy meant that 5th Infantry Brigade had not notified anyone of the helicopter's flight.

Identification friend or foe

IFFidentification, friend or foeCombat Identification
The helicopter's identification friend or foe (IFF) transmitter was turned off, because it caused interference with the army's Rapier anti-aircraft missile system.

Rapier (missile)

RapierRapier missileTracked Rapier
The helicopter's identification friend or foe (IFF) transmitter was turned off, because it caused interference with the army's Rapier anti-aircraft missile system.

British Overseas Territories

British Overseas Territoryoverseas territoryoverseas territories
On 2 April 1982, the British overseas territory of the Falkland Islands was invaded by neighbouring Argentina.

Events leading to the Falklands War

task forcea naval task force of 28,000 troopsbuild-up
The United Kingdom, nearly 8000 mi away, assembled and dispatched a naval task force of 28,000 troops to recapture the islands.

Argentine surrender in the Falklands War

Argentine surrendersurrender of the Argentine forcessurrendered on 14 June
The conflict ended that June with the surrender of the Argentine forces; the battles fought on land, at sea, and in the air had cost the lives of some 900 British and Argentine servicemen.

San Carlos, Falkland Islands

San CarlosSan Carlos (San Carlos Estate)San Carlos Bay
In early May, British troops landed at San Carlos on the western side of East Falkland, and from there moved overland towards the islands' capital of Stanley.

Stanley, Falkland Islands

StanleyPort StanleyPuerto Argentino
In early May, British troops landed at San Carlos on the western side of East Falkland, and from there moved overland towards the islands' capital of Stanley.

Lockheed C-130 Hercules

C-130 HerculesC-130C-130H Hercules
Cardiff, on the lookout for aircraft flying supplies to the Argentine forces occupying the Falkland Islands, had misidentified the helicopter as an enemy C-130 Hercules.

Naval gunfire support

shore bombardmentnaval gunfiregunfire support
Tasked with a dual mission, Cardiff was to provide fire support to the Royal Marines of 3 Commando Brigade, and to interdict any Argentine aircraft attempting to fly into Stanley.

3 Commando Brigade

3rd Commando Brigade3rd Special Service BrigadeRoyal Marines Commandos
Tasked with a dual mission, Cardiff was to provide fire support to the Royal Marines of 3 Commando Brigade, and to interdict any Argentine aircraft attempting to fly into Stanley.

Staff sergeant

SSGStaff Sgt.SSgt
Meanwhile, pilots Staff Sergeant Christopher Griffin and Lance Corporal Simon Cockton, of 656 Squadron Army Air Corps, had been ordered to fly equipment and personnel to a malfunctioning radio re-broadcast station on top of Pleasant Peak.

Lance corporal

Lance-CorporalLCplL Cpl
Meanwhile, pilots Staff Sergeant Christopher Griffin and Lance Corporal Simon Cockton, of 656 Squadron Army Air Corps, had been ordered to fly equipment and personnel to a malfunctioning radio re-broadcast station on top of Pleasant Peak.