1983 Beirut barracks bombings

A smoke cloud rises from the rubble of the bombed barracks at Beirut International Airport (BIA).
The USMC barracks in Beirut
The building in 1982
Sketch map of the route taken by the suicide bomber on the morning of October 23, 1983. [From the Long Commission Report].
Diagram of the attack.
Marine Gen. P.X. Kelley (left) and Col. Tim Geraghty (right) take Vice President George H.W. Bush on a tour around the site of the Beirut barracks bombing two days after the explosion.
Marine Barracks in Beirut after bombing, October 23, 1983
Chaplains, U.S. Marines, and family members observe a moment of silence during a memorial service
USS New Jersey (BB-62) fires a salvo against anti-government forces in the Shouf, January 9, 1984
Beirut Memorial, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Sign from the "Peacekeeping Chapel" at the Marine Barracks, on display at the Armed Forces Chaplaincy Center, Fort Jackson.
Tribute to 58 French paratroopers of the 1st and 9th RCP who died for France in the 'Drakkar' building in Beirut on October 23, 1983.

Early on a Sunday morning, October 23, 1983, two truck bombs struck buildings in Beirut, Lebanon, housing American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF), a military peacekeeping operation during the Lebanese Civil War.

- 1983 Beirut barracks bombings

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The Party was known for its terrorist activities, which included one of the first suicide bombings, and may have included the 1983 Beirut barracks bombings.

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Following a terrorist bombing in Beirut, Balavoine, whose brother, Yves, was stationed, created a polemic by insulting the French veterans and the government that were pushing the war.

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While he is on the cliff in front of the house, the ghost of a young American soldier appears to him, who died in the attack on multinational forces in Lebanon in 1983.

Elie Hobeika

Commander in the Lebanese Forces militia during the Lebanese Civil War and one of Bashir Gemayel's close confidents.

Elie Hobeika

The CIA reportedly paid Hobeika (through Lebanese army intelligence officers) to assassinate Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah, the spiritual leader of the militant Shi'ite group Hezbollah, because Fadlallah was considered by US officials to have taken part in planning the October 1983 bombing of the US marine barracks in Beirut, which killed 241 servicemen.

Iran–United States relations

Iran and the United States have had no formal diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980.

The Iranian Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi meeting with Alfred Atherton, William H. Sullivan, Cyrus Vance, President Jimmy Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski, 1977
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McCormick Hall, American College of Tehran, circa 1930, chartered by the State University of New York in 1932. Americans also founded Iran's first modern College of Medicine in the 1870s.
Joseph Plumb Cochran, American Presbyterian missionary. He is credited as the founder of Iran's first modern Medical School.
American Memorial School in Tabriz, established in 1881
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The United States contends that Hezbollah, a Shi'ite Islamist organization and client of Iran, has been involved in several anti-American terrorist attacks, including the April 1983 United States Embassy bombing which killed 17 Americans, the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing which killed 241 US Marines in Lebanon, and the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia.

VMM-261

United States Marine Corps tiltrotor squadron consisting of MV-22 Osprey transport aircraft.

VMM-261 insignia
Squadron UH-34s on USS Princeton (CV-37), March 1960
Squadron UH-34s refuel at Da Nang Air Base, July 1965
"Elvis 01" a CH-46E of HMM-261 awaits the loading of Army Rangers on Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury, October 1983.
A VMM-261 MV-22B in 2009.

Following this operation, the squadron resumed its mission to continue to Beirut, to relieve 24th Marine Amphibious Unit which had endured the bombing of the Marine barracks.

Bill Cowan

Retired USMC lieutenant colonel, a public speaker on matters of national security and terrorism, and a former contributor for the Fox News Channel from 2001 to 2016.

Emblem of the United States Marine Corps

He turned down the White House offer, going instead to ISA where he conducted numerous missions as an ISA operative, including being with the team that hunted down and targeted those responsible for the bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut, which killed 241 servicemen (220 Marines, 18 Navy personnel and 3 Army personnel).

HMH-464

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HMH-464 Unit insignia
Squadron logo in WWII when they were VMTB-464
Condor Extract CR16

While in theater, the aircraft provided heavy lift support during the deployment, and provided critical support during the aftermath of the tragic October 23 bombing of the Marine barracks.

Bobby Ray Inman

Retired United States Navy admiral who held several influential positions in the United States Intelligence Community.

Inman at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2016

Inman chaired a commission on improving security at U.S. foreign installations after the Marine barracks bombing and the April 1983 US Embassy bombing in Beirut, Lebanon.

Eric M. Hammel

Military historian, with a focus on the military campaigns of the

Infantry were the first military forces in history. This warrior statuette demonstrates that military culture was an important part of historical societies, c.480 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen.

Hammel wrote a series of books about World War II Flying Aces but his most influential book was The Root : The Marines in Beirut, August 1982-February 1984 on the subject of the 1983 Beirut barracks bombings.