1983 Bermondsey by-election

Bermondsey by-electionBermondsey1983 by-electionReal Bermondsey Labour19831983 by-election in Bermondsey24 February 1983a by-election in 1983Bermondsey by-election in 1983Bermondsey by-election of 1983
A by-election was held in the Bermondsey constituency in South London, on 24 February 1983, following the resignation of Labour MP Bob Mellish.wikipedia
83 Related Articles

Peter Tatchell

[Peter] TatchellPeter Tatchell Foundation
Peter Tatchell stood as the candidate for the Labour Party, and Simon Hughes stood for the Liberal Party.
Labour subsequently allowed him to stand in the Bermondsey by-election in February 1983, in which the party lost the seat to the Liberals.

United Kingdom by-election records

UK by-election recordslargest by-election swingcountermanded
With a swing of 44.2%, the 1983 Bermondsey by-election remains the largest by-election swing in British political history.

Simon Hughes

Simon Hughes MPSir Simon HughesHughes, Simon
Peter Tatchell stood as the candidate for the Labour Party, and Simon Hughes stood for the Liberal Party.
Hughes was first elected to Parliament in the Bermondsey by-election of 24 February 1983, in which he defeated Labour candidate and gay rights campaigner Peter Tatchell.

Bermondsey (UK Parliament constituency)

BermondseySouthwark, BermondseyBermondsey West
A by-election was held in the Bermondsey constituency in South London, on 24 February 1983, following the resignation of Labour MP Bob Mellish.
The 1983 by-election was one of the most bitterly contested by-elections in the United Kingdom as it involved Bob Mellish, the retired Labour MP, running a highly personal and homophobic campaign against the Labour candidate, Peter Tatchell.

Bob Mellish

Robert MellishBob Mellish, Baron MellishRobert Joseph Mellish
A by-election was held in the Bermondsey constituency in South London, on 24 February 1983, following the resignation of Labour MP Bob Mellish. Bob Mellish had represented the constituency and its predecessors in the House of Commons since 1946.
In November that year, he resigned his seat in Parliament (by becoming Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds) and forced a 1983 by-election in which Mellish campaigned for O'Grady who stood as a Real Bermondsey Labour candidate.

Official Monster Raving Loony Party

Monster Raving Loony PartyMonster Raving LoonyMonster Raving Looney Party
Twelve other candidates stood, including Screaming Lord Sutch, appearing for the first time under the Official Monster Raving Loony Party label, and the Dowager Lady Birdwood.
The "Raving Loony" name first appeared at the Bermondsey by-election of 1983.

Michael Foot

The Right Honourable '''Michael FootFootFoot, Michael
Labour Party leader Michael Foot responded to Wellbeloved by denouncing Tatchell's article and declared "the individual concerned is not an endorsed member of the Labour Party and as far as I'm concerned never will be".
Such speculation increased after Labour lost the 1983 Bermondsey by-election, in which Peter Tatchell was Labour candidate, standing against a Conservative, a Liberal (eventual winner Simon Hughes) and John O'Grady, who had declared himself the Real Bermondsey Labour candidate.

Social Democratic Party (UK)

Social Democratic PartySDPSocial Democrat
For example, the article came to the attention of James Wellbeloved, a former London Labour MP who had defected to the Social Democratic Party; Wellbeloved then referred to it in a Parliamentary Question to Margaret Thatcher on 3 December.
Labour lost Bermondsey, one of their ten safest seats, at a by-election in February 1983 to Liberal candidate Simon Hughes: the sitting Labour MP Robert Mellish resigned to work for the London Docklands Development Corporation but, being opposed to the selection by his left-wing Constituency Labour Party of Peter Tatchell, supported the former leader of Southwark council John O'Grady as "Real Bermondsey Labour" giving an impression of Labour division and in-fighting.

Screaming Lord Sutch

David SutchLord SutchDavid "Screaming Lord" Sutch
Twelve other candidates stood, including Screaming Lord Sutch, appearing for the first time under the Official Monster Raving Loony Party label, and the Dowager Lady Birdwood.
He founded the Official Monster Raving Loony Party in 1983 and fought the Bermondsey by-election.

2006 Liberal Democrats leadership election

leadership election2006 Liberal Democrat leadership election2006 leadership contest
During leadership of the Liberal Democrats in January 2006, Hughes said he "had both homosexual and heterosexual relationships in the past" and apologised for the actions of Liberals in the Bermondsey campaign, saying that while a lot of the blame for homophobic abuse laid on the press, "I take responsibility" for the actions of his organisers, adding: "I have never been comfortable about the whole of that campaign, as Peter knows, and I said that to him in the past.... Where there were things that were inappropriate or wrong, I apologise for that."
Hughes also apologised for elements of homophobic campaigning in the 1983 Bermondsey by-election which had brought him into the Commons.

Robert Hughes (Conservative politician)

Robert HughesRobert Gurth HughesBob Hughes
Labour's vote fell from 63.6 per cent in May 1979 to 26.1 per cent as Tatchell came a distant second, while the Conservative candidate, Robert Hughes, managed only fourth place.
He was the Conservative candidate in the 1983 Bermondsey by-election and contested that constituency's successor seat of Southwark and Bermondsey at the 1983 General Election.

Jane Birdwood, Baroness Birdwood

Jane BirdwoodLady BirdwoodDowager Lady Birdwood
Twelve other candidates stood, including Screaming Lord Sutch, appearing for the first time under the Official Monster Raving Loony Party label, and the Dowager Lady Birdwood.
She stood in the 1983 by-election in Bermondsey as an independent candidate, winning 69 votes, and attacked her opponents by labelling the Tory candidate a "multiracialist" and the National Front candidate a "socialist".

1991 Liverpool Walton by-election

Liverpool Walton by-election19911991 by-election
The Conservatives managed only fourth place, for the first time since the 1974 Newham South by-election, and the last in Britain until the 1991 Liverpool Walton by-election.
The Conservatives were beaten into fourth, for the first time in Britain since the 1983 Bermondsey by-election, and lost their deposit.

1974 Newham South by-election

1974 (by-election)1974 by-election23 May 1974
The Conservatives managed only fourth place, for the first time since the 1974 Newham South by-election, and the last in Britain until the 1991 Liverpool Walton by-election.
The Conservatives had not finished fourth in an English by-election since World War II and did not do so again until Bermondsey in 1983.

South London

SouthSouth East LondonSouth West London
A by-election was held in the Bermondsey constituency in South London, on 24 February 1983, following the resignation of Labour MP Bob Mellish.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
A by-election was held in the Bermondsey constituency in South London, on 24 February 1983, following the resignation of Labour MP Bob Mellish.

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
A by-election was held in the Bermondsey constituency in South London, on 24 February 1983, following the resignation of Labour MP Bob Mellish.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Peter Tatchell stood as the candidate for the Labour Party, and Simon Hughes stood for the Liberal Party.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Labour's vote fell from 63.6 per cent in May 1979 to 26.1 per cent as Tatchell came a distant second, while the Conservative candidate, Robert Hughes, managed only fourth place.

Swing (politics)

swingswingsswung
With a swing of 44.2%, the 1983 Bermondsey by-election remains the largest by-election swing in British political history.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
Bob Mellish had represented the constituency and its predecessors in the House of Commons since 1946.

1946 Rotherhithe by-election

19461946 b-e1946 by-election
Bob Mellish had represented the constituency and its predecessors in the House of Commons since 1946.

Chief Whip

Government Chief WhipOpposition Chief WhipChief Government Whip
He was the Labour Chief Whip from 1969 until 1976, but had become disenchanted with the left-wing drift of the Labour Party, and resigned from both the Party and his Parliamentary seat in 1982.

London Docklands Development Corporation

LDDCLondon Docklandsdecline
He was recruited by the Conservative government to the board of the London Docklands Development Corporation; as he did not wish to be disqualified, the post was made non-salaried until such time as Mellish chose to accept payment.

Labour Briefing

London Labour BriefingLabour Left BriefingLondon Left Briefing
He was also a contributor to London Labour Briefing, a magazine that circulated among the London left, and had written an article suggesting the use of extra-Parliamentary direct action by the Labour Party, saying: "We must look to new, more militant forms of extra-parliamentary opposition which involve mass popular participation and challenge the government's right to rule".