1983 Kuwait bombings

1983 Kuwait Bombing1983 bombing of the U.S. embassy in KuwaitKuwait 17Kuwait Airlines Flight 221Kuwait Airways Flight 221Suicide bombingsU.S. and French embassies in Kuwait
The 1983 Kuwait bombings were attacks on six key foreign and Kuwaiti installations on 12 December 1983, two months after the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing.wikipedia
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Hezbollah

HizbullahHizbollahHizballah
The bombing of the American embassy was an early instance of suicide bombing in the Middle East, along with the Hezbollah's bombings of the American Embassy and Marine barracks in Lebanon earlier that year. He was also a cousin and brother-in-law of one of Hezbollah's senior officers, Imad Mugniyah.

Islamic Jihad Organization

Islamic JihadIslamic Jihad OrganisationIslamic Jihadist
Islamic Jihad Organization and Islamic Dawa Party were reported at the time to be involved in the bombing.

Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

Jamal Jafaar MohammedAbu Mahdi al-Mohandes
One of those convicted by a court in Kuwait in February 2007 was Jamal Jafaar Mohammed, a member of Iraq's parliament and military commander of the Popular Mobilization Forces, accused of acting as an Iranian agent in Iraq. Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis of Kata'ib Hezbollah is generally considered to be the architect of the attacks.
He was sentenced to death in absentia by a court in Kuwait for his involvement in 1983 Kuwait bombings.

Islamic Dawa Party

Dawa PartyDawaIslamic Da'awa Party
Islamic Jihad Organization and Islamic Dawa Party were reported at the time to be involved in the bombing.
Dawa party was thought to have been behind the bombing of the US embassy in Kuwait as well as other installations as punishment of Kuwait, America and France's military and financial assistance to Iraq in its war against Iran (see 1983 Kuwait bombings).

Kuwait International Airport

Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air BaseKuwaitKuwait Airport
Other car bombs exploded at the control tower at the Kuwait International Airport, the Electricity Control Center, and the living quarters for American employees of the Raytheon Corporation, which was installing a missile system in Kuwait.

1983 United States embassy bombing in Beirut

1983 United States embassy bombingApril 1983 U.S. Embassy bombingUS embassy
The bombing of the American embassy was an early instance of suicide bombing in the Middle East, along with the Hezbollah's bombings of the American Embassy and Marine barracks in Lebanon earlier that year.
Other suicide car bombings over the next eight months included one against the U.S. and French embassies in Kuwait, a second attack on Israeli Army's headquarters in Tyre, and the extremely destructive attacks on the U.S. Marine and French Paratrooper barracks in Beirut on October 23, 1983.

Kuwait City

KuwaitAl-KuwaitAl Kuwait
On 3 December 1984, a Kuwait Airways flight from Kuwait City to Karachi Pakistan was hijacked by four Lebanese Shi'a hijackers and diverted to Tehran.
Throughout the 1980s, there were several terror attacks in Kuwait, including the 1983 Kuwait bombings, hijacking of several Kuwait Airways planes and attempted assassination of Emir Jaber in 1985.

Kuwait Airways Flight 422

Kuwait Airways Flight 422 hijacking
On 5 April 1988, Kuwait Airways Flight 422 was hijacked from Bangkok to Kuwait with 111 passengers and crew aboard, including three members of the Kuwaiti Royal Family.
The hijacking was carried out by several Lebanese guerillas who demanded the release of 17 Shi'ite Muslim prisoners being held by Kuwait for their role in the 1983 Kuwait bombings.

TWA Flight 847

TWA 847Beirut hijackingFlight 847
On 14 June 1985, TWA Flight 847 was hijacked en route from Athens to Rome.

Kuwait

State of KuwaitKuwaitiKWT
Throughout the 1980s, there were several terror attacks in Kuwait, including the 1983 Kuwait bombings, hijacking of several Kuwait Airways planes and the attempted assassination of Emir Jaber in 1985.

1983 Beirut barracks bombings

1983 Beirut barracks bombingBeirut barracks bombingMarine barracks bombing
The 1983 Kuwait bombings were attacks on six key foreign and Kuwaiti installations on 12 December 1983, two months after the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing.

Petrochemical

petrochemicalspetroleum distillatepetro-chemical
The 90-minute coordinated attack on two embassies, the country's main airport, and petro-chemical plant was more notable for the damage it was intended to cause than what was actually destroyed.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
The motivation of the bombing is suspect to have been punishment against Kuwait, America and France for their military and financial assistance to Iraq in the Iran–Iraq War.

Iran–Iraq War

Iran-Iraq warTanker WarIraq-Iran War
The motivation of the bombing is suspect to have been punishment against Kuwait, America and France for their military and financial assistance to Iraq in the Iran–Iraq War.

Palestinians

PalestinianPalestinian ArabPalestinian people
Only five people were killed (two Palestinians, two Kuwaitis, and one Syrian) in large part because the driver did not hit the more heavily populated chancellery building and more importantly, only a quarter of the explosives ignited.

Robin Wright (author)

Robin Wright
An American diplomat told journalist Robin Wright: "If everything had gone off, this place would have been a parking lot".

Raytheon

Raytheon CompanySubmarine Signal CompanyRaytheon Corporation
Other car bombs exploded at the control tower at the Kuwait International Airport, the Electricity Control Center, and the living quarters for American employees of the Raytheon Corporation, which was installing a missile system in Kuwait.

Popular Mobilization Forces

PMFHashd al-Shaabial-Hashd al-Shaabi
One of those convicted by a court in Kuwait in February 2007 was Jamal Jafaar Mohammed, a member of Iraq's parliament and military commander of the Popular Mobilization Forces, accused of acting as an Iranian agent in Iraq.

Kata'ib Hezbollah

Kataib HezbollahHezbollah BrigadesKata'ib Hezbollah (Iraq)
Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis of Kata'ib Hezbollah is generally considered to be the architect of the attacks.

Arab states of the Persian Gulf

Gulf StatesPersian Gulf statesPersian Gulf countries
In 1985, the Arab States of the Persian Gulf provided Iraq with financial contributions, totaling in the range of $40 billion to 50 billion.

Foreign worker

guest workerguest workersforeign workers
The hitherto relaxed nation was transformed into a "police state," with roundups of foreign workers, numerous roadblocks, identity checks, and guardsmen under orders to "shoot whoever refused to stop or be searched."

Mustafa Badreddine

Mustafa Badr Al DinMustafa Amine BadreddineMustafa Badreddin
One was Mustafa Badr Al Din, who was sentenced to death.

Imad Mughniyeh

Imad MughniyahImad MugniyahAssassination of Imad Mughniyah
He was also a cousin and brother-in-law of one of Hezbollah's senior officers, Imad Mugniyah.

Terry Waite

Terry Waite CBETerence Hardy Waite
Anglican hostage negotiator Terry Waite appealed to the Emir of Kuwait and tried to get a visa to come to Kuwait.