1983 Penrith and The Border by-election

28 July 1983by-election seven weeks laterPenrith and the Border1983 by-election
The Penrith and The Border by-election, 1983 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 July 1983 for the British House of Commons constituency of Penrith and The Border in Cumbria.wikipedia
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David Maclean

Lord BlencathraDavid John MacleanDavid Maclean, Baron Blencathra
The result of the contest was a narrow victory for the Conservative candidate, David Maclean, who won with a majority of 552 over the SDP-Liberal Alliance candidate Michael Young.
After unsuccessfully contesting Inverness, Nairn and Lochaber at the 1983 general election, he was elected to the House of Commons in a by-election seven weeks later, following the ennoblement of William Whitelaw.

Penrith and The Border (UK Parliament constituency)

Penrith and The BorderPenrith and the Border constituencyPenrith & The Border
The Penrith and The Border by-election, 1983 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 July 1983 for the British House of Commons constituency of Penrith and The Border in Cumbria.
The Conservatives came close to losing the seat in a 1983 by-election, when the former cabinet minister 'Willie' Whitelaw became the leader of the House of Lords: the by-election took place a mere seven weeks after his success in the 1983 general election.

By-election

special electionparliamentary by-electionby-elections
The Penrith and The Border by-election, 1983 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 July 1983 for the British House of Commons constituency of Penrith and The Border in Cumbria.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
The Penrith and The Border by-election, 1983 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 July 1983 for the British House of Commons constituency of Penrith and The Border in Cumbria.

United Kingdom constituencies

constituencycounty constituencyparliamentary constituency
The Penrith and The Border by-election, 1983 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 July 1983 for the British House of Commons constituency of Penrith and The Border in Cumbria.

Cumbria

Cumbria, EnglandWest CumbriaCounty of Cumbria
The Penrith and The Border by-election, 1983 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 July 1983 for the British House of Commons constituency of Penrith and The Border in Cumbria.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The seat had become vacant when the constituency's Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), William Whitelaw had been elevated to the peerage as Viscount Whitelaw.

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
The seat had become vacant when the constituency's Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), William Whitelaw had been elevated to the peerage as Viscount Whitelaw.

William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw

William WhitelawWillie WhitelawViscount Whitelaw
The seat had become vacant when the constituency's Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), William Whitelaw had been elevated to the peerage as Viscount Whitelaw.

1955 United Kingdom general election

1955 general election19551955 election
Whitelaw had held the seat since the 1955 general election, and had been Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party since 1974, and Deputy Prime Minister since 1979, serving as Home Secretary from 1979 until his ennoblement and appointment as Leader of the House of Lords.

Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Deputy Prime MinisterBritish Deputy Prime MinisterShadow Deputy Prime Minister
Whitelaw had held the seat since the 1955 general election, and had been Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party since 1974, and Deputy Prime Minister since 1979, serving as Home Secretary from 1979 until his ennoblement and appointment as Leader of the House of Lords.

Home Secretary

Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentHome SecretariesBritish Home Secretary
Whitelaw had held the seat since the 1955 general election, and had been Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party since 1974, and Deputy Prime Minister since 1979, serving as Home Secretary from 1979 until his ennoblement and appointment as Leader of the House of Lords.

Ennoblement

ennoblednobilitationennoble
Whitelaw had held the seat since the 1955 general election, and had been Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party since 1974, and Deputy Prime Minister since 1979, serving as Home Secretary from 1979 until his ennoblement and appointment as Leader of the House of Lords.

Leader of the House of Lords

Deputy Leader of the House of LordsLeaderLeaders of the House of Lords
Whitelaw had held the seat since the 1955 general election, and had been Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party since 1974, and Deputy Prime Minister since 1979, serving as Home Secretary from 1979 until his ennoblement and appointment as Leader of the House of Lords.

SDP–Liberal Alliance

SDP-Liberal AllianceAllianceLiberal-SDP Alliance
The result of the contest was a narrow victory for the Conservative candidate, David Maclean, who won with a majority of 552 over the SDP-Liberal Alliance candidate Michael Young.

Penrith, Cumbria

PenrithPenrith, CumberlandPenrith Urban District

New Britain Party

Dennis Delderfield
The party became active participants in by-elections, contesting those held in City of London and Westminster, Beaconsfield, Penrith and the Border and Bermondsey, as well as putting up two candidates in the general elections of 1979 and 1983.

1982 Glasgow Queen's Park by-election

1982 by-election19821982 (by-election)
He later contested the 1983 Penrith and The Border by-election, the 1984 Chesterfield by-election, and the 1985 Tyne Bridge by-election.

Michael Young (businessman)

Michael Young
Young later joined the Liberal Party, standing as the party's candidate for Penrith and The Border at the 1983 General Election, where he came second, and in the same seat in a by-election seven weeks later, when he came within 552 votes of gaining the seat from the Conservatives.