1985 Handsworth riotswikipedia
The second Handsworth riots took place in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, West Midlands, from 9 to 11 September 1985.
1985 Handsworth riotsHandsworth riotsHandsworthBirminghamSecond Handsworth riotsrioting from 9–11 September 1985Handsworth Riots in 1985outbreaks of social unrestautumn 1985 civil disturbances in Birminghamriots in Handsworth

Birmingham

BirminghamBirmingham, EnglandCity of Birmingham
The second Handsworth riots took place in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, West Midlands, from 9 to 11 September 1985.
The recession of the early 1980s saw Birmingham's economy collapse, with unprecedented levels of unemployment and outbreaks of social unrest in inner-city districts.

Death of Keith Blakelock

PC Keith BlakelockKeith BlakelockPC Keith Blakelock is murdered
The riots were the first of a series of similar riots across the country during the autumn of 1985, notably the Broadwater Farm riot in London which also resulted in a fatality (the murder of policeman Keith Blakelock).
On 9 September 1985, a month before Blakelock's murder, the arrest of a black man for a traffic offence triggered the 1985 Handsworth riots in Birmingham; two people were killed.

Handsworth, West Midlands

HandsworthHandsworth, BirminghamHandsworth, nr. Birmingham
The second Handsworth riots took place in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, West Midlands, from 9 to 11 September 1985.
Sadly, the 1985 Handsworth riots claimed the lives of two brothers, who were killed when a firebomb was hurled through the window of their post office.

Lozells

The riots were reportedly sparked by the arrest of a man near the Acapulco Cafe, Lozells and a police raid on the Villa Cross public house in the same area.
Lozells Road was the scene of rioting from 9–11 September 1985, with shops, houses and vehicles being burnt, and looting also taking place.

Handsworth Riots – Twenty Summers On

Handsworth Riots – Twenty Summers On is the name of an exhibition of photographs taken by Birmingham film maker and photographer Pogus Caesar during and in the wake of the Handsworth Riots, 9–11 September 1985.

Black Audio Film Collective

Black Audio Film Collective
Notable among their oeuvre is 1986's Handsworth Songs, a film essay that makes unconventional use of newsreel and archive material of the autumn 1985 civil disturbances in Birmingham and London to explore memories of immigration and the different ways in which race was experienced and British society dealt with the black presence.

John Akomfrah

John Akomfrah
A founder of the Black Audio Film Collective in 1982, he made his début as a director with Handsworth Songs, which examined the fallout from the 1985 Handsworth riots.

Adil Ray

Ray attended Yardley Junior and Infant School and Handsworth Grammar School, his first day being the day after the Handsworth Riots in 1985.

Gangs in the United Kingdom

gangOrganized crime in the United KingdomUK context
Following the Handsworth riots in 1985, young people banded together in groups which soon turned to petty crime and robbery.

Racism in the United Kingdom

racismracistRacial discrimination
These riots took place in St Pauls in 1980, Brixton, Toxteth and Moss Side in 1981, St Pauls again in 1982, Notting Hill Gate in 1982, Toxteth in 1982, and Handsworth, Brixton and Tottenham in 1985.

British African-Caribbean people

Afro-CaribbeanAfrican-CaribbeanCaribbean
These "uprisings" (as they were described by some in the community) took place in St Pauls in 1980, Brixton, Toxteth and Moss Side in 1981, St Pauls again in 1982, Notting Hill Gate in 1982, Toxteth in 1982, and Handsworth, Brixton and Tottenham in 1985.

Black British

blackblack BritishAfrican
Despite the recommendations of the Scarman Report (published in November 1981), relations between black youths and police did not significantly improve and a further wave of nationwide conflicts occurred in Handsworth, Birmingham, in 1985, when the local South Asian community also became involved.

Shades of Black (organisation)

Shades of Black
Shades of Black is a community organization in the Handsworth area of Birmingham, England, formed after the Handsworth riots in the mid-1980s, extending from the 1990s to work in other deprived areas including Stechford.

Broadwater Farm

Broadwater UnitedBroadwater Farm EstateBroadwater Farm estates
There had been earlier riots in Brixton and in Handsworth in Birmingham, which were indicative of a period of rising racial tension, during which some police methods such as raids, saturation policing and stop and search tactics increased the frustration of some members of the black community.

Stechford Baptist Church

During the 1990s the church developed relationships with a number of black-led community groups which had grown out of the 1985 Handsworth riots (which also included Stechford), and from 2000 the church worked to support asylum-seeker rights.

Geoffrey Dear, Baron Dear

Lord DearGeoffrey DearBaron Dear
In the West Midlands, he quickly came to the fore with his handling of the aftermath of the shooting by police of a young boy and, separately, the aftermath of the 1985 Handsworth riots.

Dervla Murphy

Dervla MurphyMurphy, Dervla
In 1985 she lived for several months in Bradford and Birmingham, talking to members of the Asian, Afro-Caribbean and White communities and witnessing first-hand one of the Handsworth riots (described in Tales From Two Cities).

Enoch Powell

Enoch PowellPowellitePowell
In late 1985 minor race riots between the African immigrant community and the police broke out in London and in Birmingham, leading Powell to repeat his warning that ethnic civil conflict would be the ultimate outcome of foreign mass migration into the British Isles, and re-issue his call for a government sponsored programme of repatriation.

Oliver Letwin

Sir Oliver LetwinRt. Hon. Oliver Letwin MPOliver Letwin MP
In 1985 Letwin and Hartley Booth wrote a five-page document as members of then-Prime Minister Thatcher's policy unit in response to the widespread 1985 unrest in Britain’s inner cities – with riots in Broadwater Farm estates in Tottenham, North London, Handsworth, Brixton, Peckham and Toxteth.