1992 United States presidential election

19921992 presidential electionPresident1992 election1992 U.S. presidential election1992 presidential campaignpresidential electionelection1992 Presidential election campaignElection of 1992
The 1992 United States presidential election was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.wikipedia
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Bill Clinton

ClintonPresident ClintonPresident Bill Clinton
Democratic Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas defeated incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush, independent businessman Ross Perot of Texas, and a number of minor candidates.
Clinton was elected president in 1992, defeating incumbent Republican opponent George H. W. Bush.

George H. W. Bush

George H.W. BushBushGeorge Bush
Democratic Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas defeated incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush, independent businessman Ross Perot of Texas, and a number of minor candidates. President George H. W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle easily won renomination by the Republican Party.
Bush lost the 1992 presidential election to Democrat Bill Clinton following an economic recession and the decreased importance of foreign policy in a post–Cold War political climate.

Ross Perot

H. Ross PerotPerotHenry Ross Perot
Democratic Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas defeated incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush, independent businessman Ross Perot of Texas, and a number of minor candidates.
He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third-party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election.

1992 Democratic Party presidential primaries

19921992 Democratic presidential nomination1992 Democratic presidential primaries
Bush's popularity after his success in the Gulf War dissuaded high-profile Democratic candidates like Mario Cuomo from entering the 1992 Democratic primaries.
The 1992 Democratic presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1992 U.S. presidential election.

Ross Perot 1992 presidential campaign

presidential campaignRoss PerotRoss Perot's candidacy
Billionaire Ross Perot launched an independent campaign, emphasizing his opposition to the North American Free Trade Agreement and his plan to reduce the national debt.
In 1992, Ross Perot ran unsuccessfully as an independent candidate for President of the United States.

United States presidential election

presidential electionpresidential electionsU.S. presidential election
The 1992 United States presidential election was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.
The last time a third (independent) candidate achieved significant success (although still finishing in third place) was Ross Perot in 1992, and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was George Wallace in 1968.

1992 Republican Party presidential primaries

19921992 Republican primaries1992 Republican presidential primaries
Bush had alienated many of the conservatives in his party by breaking his 1988 campaign pledge against raising taxes, but he fended off a primary challenge from conservative commentator Pat Buchanan.
Sanctioned by the Republican Party, these elections are designed to select the 2,277 delegates to send to the national convention in Houston, Texas from August 17 to August 20, 1992, who selected the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 1992 election, incumbent president George H. W. Bush.

1992 United States presidential election in Arkansas

1992ArkansasArkansas,
Although he failed to win any electoral votes, Perot found support in every state, and Clinton's home state of Arkansas was the lone state to give a majority of its vote to any candidate.
The 1992 United States presidential election in Arkansas took place on November 3, 1992, as part of the 1992 United States presidential election.

Read my lips: no new taxes

no new taxescampaign promise not to raise taxesraise taxes
Bush had alienated many of the conservatives in his party by breaking his 1988 campaign pledge against raising taxes, but he fended off a primary challenge from conservative commentator Pat Buchanan.
In the 1992 presidential election campaign, Pat Buchanan repeatedly cited the pledge as an example of a broken promise in his unsuccessful challenge to Bush in the Republican primaries.

List of third party performances in United States presidential elections

highest totals for a third party candidatehigher share of the popular votehighest share
Perot won 18.9% of the popular vote, the highest share of the vote won by a candidate outside of the two major parties since 1912.

Early 1990s recession

recessionlate 1980s recessioneconomic recession
The economy was in recession and Bush's greatest strength, foreign policy, was regarded as much less important following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War and the relatively peaceful climate in the Middle East after the Gulf War.
Bush initially enjoyed great popularity after the successful Persian Gulf War, but this soon wore off as the recession worsened; his 1992 re-election bid was particularly hampered by his 1990 decision to renege on his "Read my lips: no new taxes" pledge made during his first campaign in 1988.

Dan Quayle

QuayleJ. Danforth QuayleVice President Quayle
President George H. W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle easily won renomination by the Republican Party.
He secured re-nomination for Vice President in 1992, but Democrat Bill Clinton and his running mate, Al Gore, defeated the Bush/Quayle ticket.

Gennifer Flowers

Jennifer Flowers
That quickly changed however, when a woman named Gennifer Flowers appeared in the press to reveal allegations of an affair.
Flowers came forward during Bill Clinton's 1992 Presidential election campaign, stating that she had a 12-year relationship with him.

1992 Republican National Convention

1992Republican National Conventionnational convention
Bush allowed Buchanan to give the keynote address at the Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas, and his culture war speech alienated many moderates.
The convention nominated President George H. W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle for reelection.

1988 United States presidential election

19881988 presidential election1988 election
However, the success of the conservative opposition forced the moderate Bush to move further to the right than in the previous election, and to incorporate many socially conservative planks in the party platform.
In his acceptance speech, Bush made the pledge "Read my lips: No new taxes", a comment that would come to haunt him constantly as the economy collapsed in early to mid 1990, which contributed to his loss in the 1992 election.

New Democrats

New Democratmoderate Democratmoderate
Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton positioned himself as a centrist, or New Democrat.
When the then-Governor Bill Clinton stepped down as DLC chairman to run for the presidency of the United States at the 1992 presidential election, he presented himself as a "New Democrat."

Mario Cuomo

Mario M. CuomoGovernor Mario CuomoGovernor Cuomo
Bush's popularity after his success in the Gulf War dissuaded high-profile Democratic candidates like Mario Cuomo from entering the 1992 Democratic primaries.
He was immediately considered one of the frontrunners for the Democratic nomination for President in 1988 and 1992.

Libertarian Party (United States)

LibertarianLibertarian PartyL
Conservative journalist Pat Buchanan was the primary opponent of President Bush; Ron Paul, the Libertarian Party's presidential nominee in 1988, had planned to run against the President, but dropped out shortly after Buchanan's entry in December. There, the Libertarian Party nominated Andre Marrou, former Alaska State Representative and the Party's 1988 vice-presidential candidate, for President.

Al Gore

GoreVice President Al GoreAl Gore, Jr.
He defeated former and future Governor of California Jerry Brown, former Massachusetts Senator Paul Tsongas, and other candidates to win his party's nomination, and chose Senator Al Gore as his running mate.
In August 1991, Gore announced that his son's accident was a factor in his decision not to run for president during the 1992 presidential election.

Culture war

culture warscultural warAmerican culture wars
Bush allowed Buchanan to give the keynote address at the Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas, and his culture war speech alienated many moderates.
During the 1992 presidential election, commentator Pat Buchanan mounted a campaign for the Republican nomination for President against incumbent George H. W. Bush.

James Stockdale

James B. StockdaleJames Bond StockdaleAdmiral Stockdale
Perot and retired Vice Admiral James Stockdale drew 19,743,821 votes (19% of the popular vote).
Stockdale was a candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1992 presidential election, on Ross Perot's independent ticket.

Nancy Lord

Nancy Lord was his running mate.
Nancy Theresa Lord (born February 8, 1952) is an American politician and was the vice-presidential candidate of the United States Libertarian Party in the 1992 presidential election, as the running-mate of Andre Marrou.

Ron Paul

Congressman Ron PaulPaulPaul, Ron
Conservative journalist Pat Buchanan was the primary opponent of President Bush; Ron Paul, the Libertarian Party's presidential nominee in 1988, had planned to run against the President, but dropped out shortly after Buchanan's entry in December.
Paul considered campaigning for president in 1992, but instead chose to endorse Pat Buchanan that year, and served as an adviser to Buchanan's Republican presidential primary campaign against incumbent President George H. W. Bush.

Bo Gritz

James "Bo" GritzJames Bo GritzJames G. "Bo" Gritz
* Bo Gritz, Former United States Army Special Forces officer and Vietnam veteran
Gritz ran for United States president under the Populist Party in 1992.

Andre Marrou

Andre V. MarrouAndre Verne MarrouAndré Marrou
There, the Libertarian Party nominated Andre Marrou, former Alaska State Representative and the Party's 1988 vice-presidential candidate, for President.
He was the party's vice-presidential nominee in 1988 and its presidential nominee in 1992.