1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown

32 fatalitiesIranian Air Force C-130 shootdownIranian Air Force C-130 shot downshoot downshot down by Armenian rebels
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.wikipedia
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List of accidents and incidents involving the Lockheed C-130 Hercules

crashedIndonesian Air Force (A-1324)C-130H 5-8552
*List of accidents and incidents involving the Lockheed C-130 Hercules
March 17, 1994: C-130H 5-8521 of the IRIAF was shot down by Armenian rebels, three kilometers north of Stepanakert, in Nagorno-Karabakh, on flight from Moscow to Tehran. The 32 people (19 women and children and 13 crew) on board were killed in the crash.

List of aircraft shootdowns

shot downShootdownmissile strike
17 March 1994 – Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown

Iran

🇮🇷PersiaIranian
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force

Air ForceIranian Air ForceIRIAF
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Lockheed C-130 Hercules

C-130C-130 HerculesHercules
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Cargo aircraft

transport aircraftcargo planefreighter
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoskvaMuscovite
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988. The C-130 Hercules departed from Moscow, taking relatives of Iranian embassy staff home for Novruz celebrations.

Tehran

Tehran, IranTeheranTehrān
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988. The remains of Iranians killed in the crash were transported to Armenia and flown from the Yerevan's Zvartnots International Airport to Tehran.

Republic of Artsakh

ArtsakhNagorno-Karabakhpartially recognized breakaway republic
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Stepanakert

KhankendiKhankendyKhankendi Şəhər
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Nagorno-Karabakh

ArtsakhKarabakhKarabagh
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Nagorno-Karabakh War

Nagorno-Karabakh conflictKarabakh warNagorno-Karabakh
The 1994 Iranian Air Force C-130 shootdown occurred on March 17, 1994, when an Iranian Air Force C-130E military transport aircraft, carrying Iranian embassy personnel from Moscow to Tehran, was shot down by Armenian military forces near the city of Stepanakert in Nagorno-Karabakh, an area which had been under armed conflict since 1988.

Nowruz

NovruzIranian New YearNovruz Bayram
The C-130 Hercules departed from Moscow, taking relatives of Iranian embassy staff home for Novruz celebrations.

Gerard Libaridian

Libaridian, Gerard
Armenia's first deputy foreign minister, Gerard Libaridian, told a news conference that the plane should have flown over Russia, Georgia and Armenia before reaching Iran.

Russia

🇷🇺RUSRussian
Armenia's first deputy foreign minister, Gerard Libaridian, told a news conference that the plane should have flown over Russia, Georgia and Armenia before reaching Iran.

Georgia (country)

GeorgiaGeorgianRepublic of Georgia
Armenia's first deputy foreign minister, Gerard Libaridian, told a news conference that the plane should have flown over Russia, Georgia and Armenia before reaching Iran.

Armenia

🇦🇲ArmenianARM
Armenia's first deputy foreign minister, Gerard Libaridian, told a news conference that the plane should have flown over Russia, Georgia and Armenia before reaching Iran.

Zvartnots International Airport

Zvartnots AirportYerevanZvartnots
The remains of Iranians killed in the crash were transported to Armenia and flown from the Yerevan's Zvartnots International Airport to Tehran.

Gagik Harutyunyan

The ceremony was attended by Armenian Vice-president Gagik Arutyunyan and Vice prime-minister Vigen Chitechyan.

9K33 Osa

SA-8SA-N-4 Gecko4K33 OSA-M (SA-N-4'Gecko')
Azerbaijani intelligence claimed that a self-targeting "Osa" missile system was used to down the C-130.

Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

RafsanjaniHashemi RafsanjaniAli Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
In a meeting in Tehran with Armenia's vice president, Gagik Arutyunyan, Iranian President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani demanded that those responsible for the shooting be punished.

Human Rights Watch

HRWAmericas WatchHuman Right Watch
In the opinion of Human Rights Watch, "under the rules of war, the Karabakh Armenians would be duty bound to ascertain the nature of the aircraft before firing. If they did not use every available means to identify the aircraft and still fired, this would constitute a serious violation of humanitarian law".