A report on 1994 amendment of the Constitution of Argentina

Approved on 22 August 1994 by a Constitutional Assembly that met in the twin cities of Santa Fe and Paraná.

- 1994 amendment of the Constitution of Argentina

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Official presidential portrait, 1995

Carlos Menem

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Argentine lawyer and politician who served as the President of Argentina from 1989 to 1999.

Argentine lawyer and politician who served as the President of Argentina from 1989 to 1999.

Official presidential portrait, 1995
Carlos Menem (right) meets the elected president Héctor Cámpora in 1973.
Carlos Menem and outgoing president Raúl Alfonsín, during the presidential transition.
Car and related exports (1983–2003) in millions of USD. During the 1990s, Argentina experienced growth in vehicle export revenue.
Carlos Menem and Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1997).
Menem, in the 1999 campaign.
Menem with Bill Clinton in June 1993
Menem and Patricio Aylwin in April 1993
Menem meeting with U.S Secretary of Defense William Cohen at the Casa Rosada on 15 November 1999.
Demonstration during an anniversary of the AMIA bombing.
Menem with the new president, Fernando de la Rúa, on December 10, 1999.
Menem y Jacques Chirac en Alvear Palace Hotel (1997).
Menem lying in state

The Peronist victory in the 1993 midterm elections allowed him to persuade Alfonsín (by then leader of the opposition party UCR) to sign the Pact of Olivos for the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution.

Alfonsín and Menem in Olivos, 1989.

Pact of Olivos

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Alfonsín and Menem in Olivos, 1989.

The Olivos Pact (Pacto de Olivos) refers to a series of documents signed on November 17, 1993, between the governing President of Argentina, Carlos Menem, and former President and leader of the opposition UCR, Raúl Alfonsín, that formed the basis of the constitutional reform of 1994.

Buenos Aires

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Capital and primate city of Argentina.

Capital and primate city of Argentina.

Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
MALBA
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
Teatro Colón.
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
July 9 Avenue
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
EcoBici.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Buenos Aires Underground map
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Luna Park

The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name of Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

Official presidential portrait (1984)

Raúl Alfonsín

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Argentine lawyer and statesman who served as President of Argentina from 10 December 1983 to 8 July 1989.

Argentine lawyer and statesman who served as President of Argentina from 10 December 1983 to 8 July 1989.

Official presidential portrait (1984)
The house where Alfonsín lived during his childhood in Chascomús
Alfonsín during his successful 1963 congressional campaign
"Ahora Alfonsín" ("Now Alfonsín"), advertisement used during the campaign for the 1983 general elections
Raúl Alfonsín's presidential inauguration, 1983
Heads of the National Reorganization Process attend the Trial of the Juntas.
Alfonsín announces the end of the 1987 Carapintada mutiny.
Raúl Alfonsín with Saúl Ubaldini, leader of the CGT
Pope John Paul II with Alfonsín, at the Casa Rosada
Alfonsín met with U.S President Ronald Reagan.
Minister Juan Vital Sourrouille announces the Austral plan.
Alfonsín visiting an exhibition in 1986
Alfonsín (center) with President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (right) and First Gentleman Néstor Kirchner (left)
Alfonsín's memorial service at the Argentine National Congress.

He initiated the Pact of Olivos with Menem in order to negotiate the terms for the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution.

Ballotage in Argentina

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In Argentina, presidential elections are conducted under the ballotage system.

In Argentina, presidential elections are conducted under the ballotage system.

This system was added by the 1994 amendment to the Constitution of Argentina, as part of the negotiations between former president Raúl Alfonsín and president Carlos Menem.

Justicialist Party

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The Justicialist Party (Partido Justicialista, ; abbr.

The Justicialist Party (Partido Justicialista, ; abbr.

First emblem of the Peronist Party, used from 1946 to 1955

Six years later, it returned to power with Carlos Menem, during whose term the Constitution was reformed to allow for presidential reelection.

Santa Fe, Argentina

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Capital city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina.

Capital city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina.

Santa Fe riverwalk
Puente Colgante
Composer and ethnologist Ariel Ramírez (at the piano) with Mercedes Sosa, 1972.
Santa Fe rail station (1905), today the long-distance bus station
Municipal Theater
Pedestrian San Martín Street
(From top to bottom; from left to right) Panoramic view of the city; Municipal Theatre; Plaza Las Tres Culturas; Puente Colgante at night and the National University of the Littoral.
Santa Fe, Argentina
Santa Fe, Argentina
Santa Fe at night
Santa Fe
Santa Fe from afar
Santa Fe Cathedral
Santa Fe, Argentina
Santa Fe Urban Train

The city's historical role in the Argentine Constitution led national lawmakers to choose it as the site of Constitutional Conventions in 1949, 1957, and 1994.

Carlos Álvarez (Argentine politician)

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Argentine politician.

Argentine politician.

He was again elected congressman for the 1993–97 period, as well as a member of the Constitutional Convention that drafted the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution.

Autonomous city

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Type of autonomous administrative division.

Type of autonomous administrative division.

The 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution granted Buenos Aires city, previously in the Federal District of Argentina, the status of autonomous city, and changed its formal name to Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

The Alfredo Palacios Senate Office Building

Argentine Senate

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Upper house of the National Congress of Argentina.

Upper house of the National Congress of Argentina.

The Alfredo Palacios Senate Office Building

The number of senators per province was raised from two to three following the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution as well as the addition of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires' senators.