1995 Constitution of Ethiopiawikipedia

The current Constitution of Ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, came into force on 21 August 1995.
new constitution in 19951995 constitutionConstitution of Ethiopianew constitutionConstitution of 1995federal constitutionthe current constitution in 1995current constitutionconstitution in 1995a new constitution
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Ethiopian Constituent Assembly election, 1994

1994Constituent Assemblyelected in 1994
The constitution was drawn up by the Constituent Assembly that was elected in June 1994.
The Assembly finished drafting the new constitution in December, and it went into effect in August 1995.

Federal Parliamentary Assembly

parliamentEthiopian ParliamentFederal Parliament
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.
Created with the adoption of the Ethiopian Constitution of 1995, the Parliament replaced the Shengo as the legislative branch of the Ethiopian government.

Regions of Ethiopia

Regionnine regions and two chartered citiesregions
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.
Ethiopia is a federal state subdivided into ethno-linguistically based regional states (plural: kililoch; singular: kilil) and chartered cities (plural: astedader akababiwach; singular: astedader akabibi). This system of administrative regions replaced the provinces of Ethiopia in 1992 under the Transitional Government of Ethiopia and was formalised in 1995 when the current Constitution of Ethiopia came into force.

Transitional Government of Ethiopia

EthiopiaTransitional Governmentnew government
It was adopted by the Transitional Government of Ethiopia in December 1994 and came into force following the general election held in May–June 1995.
A general election was held in May–June 1995 and the new constitution took effect on 21 August 1995, ending the period of transition.

President of Ethiopia

PresidentChairman of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces of EthiopiaPresidents
It provides for a parliamentary system, with a mostly ceremonial President as head of state, and executive power vested in a Council of Ministers headed by a Prime Minister.
Following the overthrow of the communist regime at the end of the Ethiopian Civil War, the presidential office took its current form in stages, culminating in the adoption of the current constitution in 1995.

Languages of Ethiopia

EthiopianEthiopian languagesmultilingual nation
The document further guarantees that all Ethiopian languages will enjoy equal state recognition, although Amharic is specified as the working language of the federal government.
After the fall of the Derg in 1991, the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia granted all ethnic groups the right to develop their languages and to establish first language primary education systems.


The current Constitution of Ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, came into force on 21 August 1995.
While all languages enjoy equal state recognition in the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia, Amharic is recognized as the official working language of the Federal Government.

Constitutions of Ethiopia

constitutionEthiopia's current constitutionconstitutional change
There were three earlier constitutions of Ethiopia, the preceding one being the 1987 Constitution.
1995 Constitution of Ethiopia

Tigray Region

TigrayTigray Regional Statenorthern Ethiopia
Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution.

Benishangul-Gumuz Region

Benishangul-GumuzBela ShangulBenishangul - Gumuz Region
Following the adoption of the 1995 constitution, the Region was created from the westernmost portion of the Gojjam province (the part north of the Abay River), and the northwestern portion of the Welega Province (the part south of the Abay).

Flag of Ethiopia

EthiopiaEthiopian flagflag
It conforms to the specifications set forth in Article 3 of the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia.

Land reform in Ethiopia

land reformabolishing feudal tenureland redistribution
The present Constitution of Ethiopia, which was put into force January 1995, vests land ownership exclusively "in the State and in thepeoples of Ethiopia."

Ethiopia State of Emergency 2016

state of emergency
The Constitution of Ethiopia provides for a six-month state of emergency under certain conditions.

Politics of Ethiopia

Ethiopian Governmentgovernment of EthiopiaEthiopia
The Council of Ministers, according to the 1995 constitution, is comprised by the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Ministers, various Ministers and other members as determined and approved by the House of Peoples' Representatives.

Illubabor Province

With the adoption of new constitution in 1995, the territory of Illubabor was divided between the Gambela, Oromia and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Regions of Ethiopia.

Zone 9 bloggers

Zone 9 blogging collectiveZone 9
Ethiopia’s constitution explicitly protects freedom of speech and the right to privacy, yet the media is controlled by the government.

Ogaden National Liberation Front

ONLFan ethnic Somali rebel group
ONLF elected officials ruled the territory until the transitional government ended with the adoption of a new constitution.

Government of Ethiopia

Ethiopian governmentgovernmentFederal Government
They are governed under the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia.

Abdulrahman Abd Ghani

His predecessor, Hassan Jire Kalinle, was removed by the Federal Government in April 1994 on charges of corruption and neglect of official duties, although at least one observer believes the actual reason was due to the Regional Assembly voting to exercise the "right to self-determination" in the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia.

Shire Inda Selassie

ShireArmy of ShireEnda Selassie Shire
After the restoration of the monarchy in 1941, Shire served as the capital of the Shire sub-region until the administrative reorganization of the nation following the adoption of the 1995 Ethiopian Constitution.

Metu, Ethiopia

MetuMetu Town
Metu was the capital of the former Illubabor Province from 1978 until the adoption of the new constitution in 1995.

Ethiopian Journalists Forum

The freedom of assembly and association are guaranteed by the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia.

Crown Council of Ethiopia

Crown CouncilCrown Counsellorcrown councillor
The Federal Constitution of 1995 confirmed the status of the country as a republic, but Ethiopian royalists continue to operate the Crown Council.

Hadar, Ethiopia

As of 1995 (when the current constitution was adopted), Ethiopia is defined as a "Federal Democratic Republic," and employs a parliamentary legislative system.