1995 Constitution of Ethiopia

new constitution in 19951995 ConstitutionConstitution of Ethiopianew constitutionConstitution of 19951994 Constitution of Ethiopia1995 Ethiopian Constitutiona new constitutionconstitutionconstitution in 1995
The current Constitution of Ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, came into force on 21 August 1995.wikipedia
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1994 Ethiopian Constituent Assembly election

1994Constituent Assemblyelected in 1994
The constitution was drawn up by the Constituent Assembly that was elected in June 1994.
The Assembly finished drafting the new constitution in December, and it went into effect in August 1995.

Federal Parliamentary Assembly

parliamentEthiopian ParliamentFederal Parliament
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.
Created with the adoption of the Ethiopian Constitution of 1995, the Parliament replaced the Shengo as the legislative branch of the Ethiopian government.

Regions of Ethiopia

Regionnine regions and two chartered citiesregions
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.
Ethiopia is a federal state subdivided into ethno-linguistically based regional states (plural: kililoch; singular: kilil) and chartered cities (plural: astedader akababiwach; singular: astedader akabibi). This system of administrative regions replaced the provinces of Ethiopia in 1992 under the Transitional Government of Ethiopia and was formalised in 1995 when the current Constitution of Ethiopia came into force.

Transitional Government of Ethiopia

EthiopiaTransitional GovernmentEthiopian Transitional Government
It was adopted by the Transitional Government of Ethiopia in December 1994 and came into force following the general election held in May–June 1995.
A general election was held in May–June 1995 and the new constitution took effect on 21 August 1995, ending the period of transition.

Ethiopia

🇪🇹AbyssiniaEthiopian
The current Constitution of Ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, came into force on 21 August 1995.
While all languages enjoy equal state recognition in the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia, Amharic is recognized as the official working language of the Federal Government.

President of Ethiopia

PresidentChairman of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces of EthiopiaPresidents
It provides for a parliamentary system, with a mostly ceremonial President as head of state, and executive power vested in a Council of Ministers headed by a Prime Minister.
Following the overthrow of the communist regime at the end of the Ethiopian Civil War, the presidential office took its current form in stages, culminating in the adoption of the current constitution in 1995.

Languages of Ethiopia

EthiopianEthiopian languagesAmharic
The document further guarantees that all Ethiopian languages will enjoy equal state recognition, although Amharic is specified as the working language of the federal government.
After the fall of the Derg in 1991, the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia granted all ethnic groups the right to develop their languages and to establish first language primary education systems.

Constitutions of Ethiopia

constitution1995 constitutionconstitution for Ethiopia
There were three earlier constitutions of Ethiopia, the preceding one being the 1987 Constitution.
1995 Constitution of Ethiopia

Constitution

constitutionalconstitutional governmentconstitutions
The constitution was drawn up by the Constituent Assembly that was elected in June 1994.

1995 Ethiopian general election

19951995 general elections1995 elections
It was adopted by the Transitional Government of Ethiopia in December 1994 and came into force following the general election held in May–June 1995.

Federation

federalfederal governmentfederal state
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.

House of Peoples' Representatives

Chamber of DeputiesSpeaker of the House of People's RepresentativesCouncil of People's Representatives
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.

House of Federation

Council of the Federationfederal parliamentHouse of the Federation
It provides for a federal government of nine ethnically based regions governed by a parliament divided into the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of Federation.

Council of Ministers (Ethiopia)

Council of MinistersCouncil of Ministers of EthiopiaDeputy Prime Minister
It provides for a parliamentary system, with a mostly ceremonial President as head of state, and executive power vested in a Council of Ministers headed by a Prime Minister.

Prime Minister of Ethiopia

Prime MinisterChief Minister of EthiopiaPrime ministers
It provides for a parliamentary system, with a mostly ceremonial President as head of state, and executive power vested in a Council of Ministers headed by a Prime Minister.

Human rights

human righthuman rights violationshuman rights abuses
The constitution expressly provides for a set of basic human rights; Article 13 specifies that these rights and freedoms will be interpreted according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other international instruments adopted by Ethiopia.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

the Universal Declaration of Human RightsUniversal DeclarationDeclaration of Human Rights
The constitution expressly provides for a set of basic human rights; Article 13 specifies that these rights and freedoms will be interpreted according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other international instruments adopted by Ethiopia.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICCPRInternational Covenant of Civil and Political RightsInternational Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
The constitution expressly provides for a set of basic human rights; Article 13 specifies that these rights and freedoms will be interpreted according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other international instruments adopted by Ethiopia.

Amharic

amhAmharaAmh.
The document further guarantees that all Ethiopian languages will enjoy equal state recognition, although Amharic is specified as the working language of the federal government.

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

EPRDFEPRDF (Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)EPDRF
Ethiopia has a tradition of highly personal and strongly centralized government, a pattern the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (the coalition presently in government) has followed despite constitutional limits on federal power.

2000 Ethiopian general election

20002000 general elections2000 elections
The first general election held after the adoption of the Constitution was the 2000 election.

1987 Constitution of Ethiopia

1987 Constitutionnew constitutionconstitution for the PDRE
There were three earlier constitutions of Ethiopia, the preceding one being the 1987 Constitution.

Tigray Region

Tigraynorthern EthiopiaTigray Regional State
Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution.

Benishangul-Gumuz Region

Benishangul-GumuzBela ShangulBenishangul - Gumuz Region
Following the adoption of the 1995 constitution, the Region was created from the westernmost portion of the Gojjam province (the part north of the Abay River), and the northwestern portion of the Welega Province (the part south of the Abay).

Flag of Ethiopia

EthiopiaEthiopian flagAbyssinian flag
It conforms to the specifications set forth in Article 3 of the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia.