1998 Hong Kong legislative election

Ring charts of the election results showing popular vote against seats won, coloured in green (Pro-democracy camp) and red (Pro-Beijing camp) on the left and the party colours on the right. Seats won in the election (outer ring) against number of votes (inner ring).

Held on 24 May 1998 for members of the 1st Legislative Council of Hong Kong since the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) in 1997.

- 1998 Hong Kong legislative election

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Democratic Party (Hong Kong)

Centre-left liberal political party in Hong Kong.


Led by Martin Lee, the Democratic Party boycotted the Provisional Legislative Council (PLC) on the eve of the Hong Kong handover in 1997 in protest to Beijing's decision to dismantle the agreed transition, but reemerged as the largest party in the first SAR Legislative Council election of 1998.

Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood

Hong Kong pro-democracy social-liberal political party catering to grassroots interest with a strong basis in Sham Shui Po.

It was ousted for the first time in the 1998 Legislative Council election.

Legislative Council of Hong Kong

Unicameral legislature of Hong Kong.

The Legislative Council Building (1985–2011)
Central Government Offices, home to Legco from the 1950s to 1985
The French Mission Building housed LegCo in the 1840s
Andrew Leung, the incumbent President of the Legislative Council.
Vote share of the Legislative Council elections by party since 1991.
Seating plan of the Legislative Council.

The Provisional Legislative Council, seen as unconstitutional by the British authorities and boycotted by most pro-democracy legislators, was in operation from 25 January 1997 to 30 June 1998 and held its meetings in Shenzhen until 30 June 1997, when the PLC moved to Hong Kong and replaced the elected legislature from the 1997 handover of Hong Kong till the 1998 Hong Kong legislative election.

Geographical constituency

In Hong Kong, geographical constituencies, as opposed to functional constituencies, are elected by all eligible voters according to geographically demarcated constituencies.

Between 1998 and 2016, 5 geographical constituencies were established returned by proportional representation with 3-9 sets each:

Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong

Pro-Beijing conservative political party in Hong Kong.

Previous version of the DAB logo from 1992 to 2005.
Wong Ting-kwong, the most senior DAB representative in Legislative Council

The DAB and the Hong Kong Progressive Alliance (HKPA), another pro-Beijing party, allied with each other in the crucial Provisional Legislative Council debate on the substantial arrangements for the 1998 LegCo elections.

Liberal Party (Hong Kong)

Pro-Beijing, pro-business, and conservative political party in Hong Kong.

First logo used from 1993 to 2004
Second logo used from 2003 to 2011

Enjoyed by the advantage in the narrowly-franchised functional constituencies, the Liberals remained a major party and a governing ally of the SAR administration in the early post-handover era, despite its chairman Allen Lee's failed attempt in the direct election.

Hare quota

Formula used under some forms of proportional representation.

Simplified example of an STV ballot

In Hong Kong, the 1998 Legislative Council election, pro-democracy camp organization The Frontier fails to co-ordinate two former legislators(1995-1997) Lee Cheuk-yan and Leung Yiu-chung into a two-candidate list running for New Territories West (NT West) 5-seat constituency, and Leung left The Frontier, running as Nonpartisan candidate with the support of Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre in NT West and Lee running as Frontier candidate in NT West.

The Frontier (Hong Kong)

Pro-democracy political group in Hong Kong.

In the 1998 LegCo elections, the Frontier won total of three seats, excluding Lau Chin-shek who ran as Democratic Party candidate and Leung Yiu-chung ran as Independent, gaining about 10% of the popular votes just behind the pro-democracy flagship party Democratic Party and pro-Beijing flagship party Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB).

Martin Lee

Hong Kong politician and barrister.

Martin Lee at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China meeting in April 2014
Lee with US Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi in 2009 to discuss the status of democracy in Hong Kong.
Martin Lee during the 2004 Legislative Council election campaign.
Martin Lee attended the "Five Constituencies Referendum" rally with Civic Party leader Audrey Eu and League of Social Democrats chairman Wong Yuk-man.
Martin Lee being arrested on the last day of the 2014 Hong Kong protests.

Martin Lee and the Democratic Party was elected back to the Legislative Council in the 1998 first election.

Allen Lee

Hong Kong industrialist, politician and political commentator.

Allen Lee at the 1 July march in 2008.
Lee in 2011
Lee (L) at the press conference of establishment of Hong Kong 2020 led by Anson Chan

He was the founding chairman of the Liberal Party, a pro-business party in 1993 until he retired after he lost the 1998 election.