A report on 1st Marine Division

Structure of 1st Marine Division
A Marine of the 1st Marine Regiment on Guadalcanal.
Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, 1945.
Marines of 1st Marine Division at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.
3/3 Marines observe an airstrike during Operation Harvest Moon
A wounded 2/5 Marine receives treatment during the Battle of Huế
1/5 Marines await a helicopter during Operation Imperial Lake
Letter by Gen Mattis distributed throughout division before the 2003 invasion of Iraq
19th Naval Construction Battalion Plaque as the third Battalion 17th Marines with the 1st Marine Division Seabee Museum Archives

Marine division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

- 1st Marine Division

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Emblem of the United States Marine Corps

United States Marine Corps

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Maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations through combined arms, implementing its own infantry, artillery, aerial, and special operations forces.

Maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations through combined arms, implementing its own infantry, artillery, aerial, and special operations forces.

Emblem of the United States Marine Corps
U.S. Marines from the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit training
Marines from the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit depart USS Tarawa (LHA-1), using both a Landing Craft Utility and CH-53E "Super Stallion" helicopters, during amphibious operations in Kuwait, 2003.
Maj. Samuel Nicholas, first Commandant of the Marine Corps, was nominated to lead the Continental Marines by John Adams in November 1775.
British and U.S. troops garrisoned aboard Hornet and Penguin exchanging small arms musket fire with Tristan da Cuna in the background during the final engagement between British and U.S. forces in the War of 1812
The Final Stand at Bladensburg, Maryland, 24 August 1814
Five USMC privates with fixed bayonets, and their NCO with his sword at the Washington Navy Yard, 1864
Georges Scott, American Marines in Belleau Wood, 1918
Former French Foreign Legion Lieutenant, and U.S. Marine Corps officer Peter J. Ortiz, who served in the European theater, often behind enemy lines
Photograph of the Marine Corps War Memorial, which depicts the second U.S. flag-raising atop Mount Suribachi, on Iwo Jima. The memorial is modeled on Joe Rosenthal's famous Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima.
F4U Corsairs providing close air support to Marines of the 1st Marine Division fighting Chinese forces in North Korea, December 1950
U.S. Marines of "G" Company, 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines in action during Operation Allen Brook in South Vietnam, 1968
Beirut Memorial at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
U.S. Marines from 1st Battalion, 7th Marines entering a palace in Baghdad in 2003
U.S. Marines dismounting from an Assault Amphibious Vehicle in Djibouti
Organization of the United States Marine Corps
Marine Raiders conducting CQB training
Opha Johnson (far right) in 1946, with Katherine Towle (far left). They are looking at Opha Johnson's uniform being worn by PFC Muriel Albert.
Two of the first female graduates of the School of Infantry-East's Infantry Training Battalion course, 2013
Marine recruits at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego
U.S. Marines in training
An illustration of U.S. Marines in various uniform setups. From left to right: A U.S. Marine in a Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniform with full combat load circa 2003, a U.S. Marine in a (full) blue dress uniform, a U.S. Marine officer in a service uniform, and a U.S. Marine general in an evening dress uniform.
The Eagle, Globe and Anchor along with the U.S. flag, the Marine Corps flag and the Commandant's flag
A recruiting poster making use of the "Teufel Hunden" [sic] nickname
Marines training in martial arts
Marines firing MEU(SOC) pistols while garrisoned aboard a ship
Marine Amphibious Assault Vehicles emerge from the surf onto the sand of Freshwater Beach, Australia
Marine parachutists jumping from an MV-22 Osprey at 10,000 feet
A Marine Corps F-35B, the vertical-landing version of the F-35 Lightning II multirole fighter landing aboard USS Wasp (LHD-1)
Assault Amphibious Vehicles approaching the well deck of USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD-6)
A Marine and sailor training with rifles in Iraq
A soldier from the 1st Infantry Regiment provides security for a joint Army-Marine patrol in Rawa in 2006. The shoulder sleeve insignia has the logo of the 2nd Marine Division.
Marines unloading CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters from an Air Force C-5 Galaxy

The U.S. Army's X Corps, which included the 1st Marine Division and the Army's 7th Infantry Division regrouped and inflicted heavy casualties during their fighting withdrawal to the coast, known as the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.

Marines hiking at Camp Pendleton during 2014

Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton

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Major West Coast base of the United States Marine Corps and is one of the largest Marine Corps bases in the US.

Major West Coast base of the United States Marine Corps and is one of the largest Marine Corps bases in the US.

Marines hiking at Camp Pendleton during 2014
The main gate of Camp Pendleton in November 1997. This is the main road for traffic into the base. This gate has been open and staffed by military police since 9 November 2012; before that date, Marines officials used to staff here since 1942. 33.2147°N, -117.3875°W
President George W. Bush addressing Marines and sailors at Camp Pendleton in December 2004.
Wounded Warrior Chuck Sketch participates in swim practice on Feb. 14, 2012 at Camp Pendleton
An M1 Abrams breaches the obstacle belt during an amphibious exercise in 1997.
Beach Volleyball Tournament at Camp Del Mar's beach, Aug. 4, 2010

By October 1944, Camp Pendleton was declared a "permanent installation," and by 1946 it became the home of the 1st Marine Division.

7th Marines insignia

7th Marine Regiment

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Infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California.

Infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California.

7th Marines insignia
Marines watch F4U Corsairs drop napalm as I Company, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines move in to attack Chinese positions in North Korea.
Map of the Retreat from the Changjin (Chosin) Reservoir

Nicknamed the "Magnificent Seventh", the regiment falls under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.

United States Marines rest in the field during the Guadalcanal campaign.

Guadalcanal campaign

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Military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.

Military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.

United States Marines rest in the field during the Guadalcanal campaign.
United States Marines rest in the field during the Guadalcanal campaign.
Japanese control of the western Pacific area between May and August 1942. Guadalcanal is located in the lower right center of the map.
The airfield at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal under construction by Japanese and conscripted Korean laborers in July 1942
Routes of Allied amphibious forces for landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi, 7 August 1942
U.S. Marines debark from LCP(L)s onto Guadalcanal on 7 August 1942.
Initial U.S. Marine defenses around the airstrip at Lunga Point, Guadalcanal, 12 August 1942
Map showing the U.S. Marine attacks west of the Matanikau River on 19 August
Dead Japanese soldiers on the sandbar at the mouth of Alligator Creek, Guadalcanal after the Battle of the Tenaru
The carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6) under aerial attack during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons
U.S. Marine Grumman F4F Wildcats from Henderson Field preparing to attack incoming Japanese aircraft in late August or early September 1942
Japanese troops loading onto a destroyer for a Tokyo Express run to Guadalcanal
U.S. Marine Lieutenant Colonel Merritt A. Edson (here photographed as a major general) who led Marine forces in the Battle of Edson's Ridge
Map of the Lunga perimeter on Guadalcanal showing the approach routes of the Japanese forces and the locations of the Japanese attacks during the battle. Oka's attacks were in the west (left), the Kuma Battalion attacked from the east (right) and the Center Body attacked "Edson's Ridge" (Lunga Ridge) in the lower center of the map.
The U.S. carrier USS Wasp (CV-7) burns after being hit by Japanese submarine torpedoes on 15 September.
A U.S. Marine patrol crosses the Matanikau River in September 1942.
U.S. cruiser USS Helena (CL-50), part of Task Force 64 under Norman Scott
Japanese cargo ship destroyed at Tassafaronga by CAF aircraft on 15 October.
From left to right: Lieutenant Colonel Leonard B. Cresswell (1st Battalion), Lieutenant Colonel Edwin A. Pollock (Executive Officer 1st Marines), Colonel Clifton B. Cates (Commanding Officer 1st Marines), Lieutenant Colonel William N. McKelvy (3rd Battalion) and Lieutenant Colonel William W. Stickney (2nd Battalion) on Guadalcanal, October 1942
Map of the battle, 23–26 October. Sumiyoshi's forces attack in the west at the Matanikau (left) while Maruyama's 2nd division attacks the Lunga perimeter from the south (right).
A U.S. 11th Marines 75mm pack howitzer and crew
USS Hornet (CV-8) is torpedoed and fatally damaged by a Japanese carrier aircraft on 26 October.
U.S. Marines drag the corpses of Japanese soldiers from their bunker in the Point Cruz area after the battle in early November.
Carlson's raiders coming ashore at Aola Bay on 4 November
U.S. Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan (pictured here as a Captain)
Transport Kinugawa Maru beached at Guadalcanal in November 1942.
Raizo Tanaka
Left to right, unnamed soldier, Colonel Richard H. Jeschke, Commander of the 8th Marines, U.S. Army Major General Alexander Patch, who succeeded Vandegrift on 9 December 1942
USS Chicago (CA-29) sinking on 30 January during the Battle of Rennell Island
Allied commanders assemble on Guadalcanal in August 1943 to plan the next Allied offensive against the Japanese in the Solomons as part of Operation Cartwheel.
Military cemetery on Guadalcanal, 1945
Henderson Field in August 1944
Entrance of Vilu War Museum
Memorials in Vilu War Museum
Aircraft in Vilu War Museum
Aircraft in Vilu War Museum

In preparation for the offensive in the Pacific in May 1942, U.S. Marine Major General Alexander Vandegrift was ordered to move his 1st Marine Division from the United States to New Zealand.

1st Marine Regiment Insignia

1st Marine Regiment

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Infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

Infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

1st Marine Regiment Insignia
Col. Chesty Puller at Inchon leading 1st Marines
Marines of 1st Marine Regiment in Fallujah

The regiment is under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.

5th Marine Regiment insignia

5th Marine Regiment

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Infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

Infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

5th Marine Regiment insignia
5th Marines is one of two USMC regiments authorized to wear the French Fourragère for actions during World War I.
5th Marine Regiment wounded are carried back from the front line during the November 1942 U.S. offensive against Japanese forces around the Matanikau River
During the allied advance into Seoul, American and Korean Marines crossed the Han River in an LVT-3c of the Marines' 1st Amphibian Tractor Battalion.
The 35th commandant of the Marine Corps, General James F. Amos, visits the 5th Marine Regiment Memorial during a tour of Marine Corps Air Station Camp Pendleton, CA, on May 19, 2014.
Regimental Command Post entrance in 2009.
The memorial honors Marines and sailors who served with 5th Marines or under Regimental Combat Team 5 who died in Afghanistan.

It is the most highly decorated regiment in the Marine Corps and falls under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF).

The first wave of U.S. Marines in LVTs during the invasion of Peleliu on September 15, 1944

Battle of Peleliu

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Fought between the United States and Japan during the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign of World War II, from September 15 to November 27, 1944, on the island of Peleliu.

Fought between the United States and Japan during the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign of World War II, from September 15 to November 27, 1944, on the island of Peleliu.

The first wave of U.S. Marines in LVTs during the invasion of Peleliu on September 15, 1944
Japanese fortifications
Routes of Allied landings on Peleliu, September 15, 1944
5th Marines on Orange Beach
A wounded Marine receives a drink from a Navy corpsman.
Frontline warning sign on Peleliu, October 1944
U.S. Marine in combat at Peleliu Island, September 1944
Marines waiting in their fighting holes
A Corsair drops napalm on Japanese positions atop Umurbrogol.
Marine Pfc. Douglas Lightheart (right) cradles his .30 caliber (7.62×63mm) M1919 Browning machine gun in his lap, while he and Pfc. Gerald Thursby Sr. take a cigarette break, during mopping up operations on Peleliu on September 15, 1944.
Marines in a hospital on Guadalcanal after being wounded in the Battle of Peleliu
Pfc. Richard Kraus, USMC (age 18), killed in action
D-day Peleliu, African Americans of one of the two segregated units that supported the 7th Marines – the 16th Marine Field Depot or the 17th Naval Construction Battalion Special take a break in the 115 degree heat, 09-15-1944 – NARA – 532535

US Marines of the 1st Marine Division and then soldiers of the US Army's 81st Infantry Division, fought to capture an airfield on the small coral island of Peleliu.

A column of the US 1st Marine Division moves through Chinese lines during its breakout from the Chosin Reservoir with a M46 Patton medium tank.

Battle of Chosin Reservoir

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Important battle in the Korean War.

Important battle in the Korean War.

A column of the US 1st Marine Division moves through Chinese lines during its breakout from the Chosin Reservoir with a M46 Patton medium tank.
Map of UN advances toward the Yalu River.
Map of the Battle of the Changjin (Chosin) Reservoir.
Song Shilun (middle), commander of the People's Volunteer Army 9th Army at Chosin Reservoir
Soldiers from the Chinese 79th Division moving to engage the Marines at Yudam-ni
Marines engaging the Chinese
Lieutenant Colonel Don Carlos Faith, Jr.
Chinese troops assaulting Task Force Faith's position at Sinhung-ni.
Marines watch F4U Corsairs drop napalm on Chinese positions.
A Direct Air Support Center at Hagaru-ri.
Wounded Marine being evacuated by a HO3S-1 helicopter from VMO-6
Map of the Retreat from the Changjin (Chosin) Reservoir
A patrol from US 3rd Infantry Division's Task Force Dog moves into Funchilin Pass on 9 December
The high-speed transport USS Begor (APD-127) observes the destruction of Hungnam's port facilities on 24 December.
The heavy cruiser USS Saint Paul (CA-73) fires her 8-inch (203-mm) guns at Chinese troops threatening the evacuation.
The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific where many of the UN war dead, which were exchanged under Operation Glory, are buried.
Aerial view of the Funchilin Pass, with a close-up of the blown bridge

After the landing at Wonsan, the US 1st Marine Division of the X Corps engaged the defending PVA 124th Division on 2 November; the ensuing battle caused heavy casualties among the Chinese.

11th Marine Regiment Insignia

11th Marine Regiment

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Artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

Artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

11th Marine Regiment Insignia
Lewis machine gun captured from bandits at El Chufon by the 52d Co., 11th Regt on 19 Oct 1928 in Nicaragua.
11th Marines cannoneers man a M1918 155 mm howitzer during the Guadalcanal campaign.
11th Marine Regiment's First Rocket Battery firing at night during the Korean War
11th Marines OH-23 light observation helicopter, 6 August 1968
11th Marines 105mm howitzer firing in support of joint Marine and ARVN forces in enemy-infested Dodge City and Go Noi Island
A 155mm artillery shell hurtles out of the barrel of an 11th Marine Regiment M-198 howitzer
Marines from A/1/11 firing their M198 Howitzer from Camp Fallujah, Iraq during Operation Vigilant Resolve in April 2004.

Known as the "Cannon Cockers", the regiment falls under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.

Four tank landing ships unload men and equipment on Red Beach one day after the amphibious landings on Incheon.

Battle of Inchon

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Amphibious invasion and a battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisive victory and strategic reversal in favor of the United Nations Command (UN).

Amphibious invasion and a battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisive victory and strategic reversal in favor of the United Nations Command (UN).

Four tank landing ships unload men and equipment on Red Beach one day after the amphibious landings on Incheon.
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (center) grasps General J. Lawton Collins (the Army Chief of Staff, left) and Admiral Forrest Sherman (the Chief of Naval Operations, right) upon their arrival in Tokyo, Japan. MacArthur used their meeting to convince other military leaders that the assault on Incheon was necessary.
A Vought F4U-4B Corsair of Fighter Squadron 113 (VF-113) (the "Stingers") flies over UN ships off Incheon, Korea, on 15 September 1950. VF-113 was assigned to Carrier Air Group Eleven (CVG-11) aboard the aircraft carrier USS Philippine Sea (CV-47). The battleship USS Missouri (BB-63) is visible below the Corsair.
The beach of Pohang in 2008. Here, UN forces landed unopposed in 1950
A United States Air Force 3rd Bombardment Group (Light) B-26 Invader conducts a rocket attack on the rail yard at Iri, South Korea, in early September 1950 as part of deception operations to draw North Korean attention away from the planned Incheon landings.
Incheon, South Korea, in pink coloring.
USS Rochester (CA-124) in 1956. She was the flagship of Vice Admiral Arthur D. Struble off Incheon in 1950.
Wolmido under bombardment on 13 September 1950, two days before the landings, seen from the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Lyman K. Swenson (DD-729).
The aft turret of the U.S. Navy heavy cruiser USS Toledo (CA-133) fires its 8-inch (203-mm) guns during the pre-invasion bombardment.
The US Navy destroyer USS Collett (DD-730), photographed above in May 1944 while painted in dazzle camouflage, was among the ships damaged during the Wolmi-do bombardment.
A tank landing ship enters the harbor at Incheon before the landings.
The landing at Incheon
Landing craft of the first and second waves approach Blue Beach on 15 September 1950. The U.S. Navy destroyer USS De Haven (DD-727), visible at bottom center, covers them
The 31st Infantry lands at Incheon
General Douglas MacArthur (center), Commander in Chief of United Nations Forces, observes the shelling of lightly defended Incheon from the U.S. Navy amphibious force command ship USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7) on 15 September 1950.
Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez of the Marine Corps is shown scaling a seawall after landing on Red Beach (September 15). Minutes after this photo was taken, Lopez was killed after covering a live grenade with his body. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
An abandoned Soviet-made North Korean 76 mm divisional gun M1942 (ZiS-3) on a hill overlooking Incheon harbor after its capture by UN forces
An abandoned Soviet-made North Korean Ilyushin Il-10 attack aircraft captured by United Nations forces at Kimpo airfield in September 1950.
A North Korean T-34 tank knocked out by US Marines during the UN advance from Incheon to Seoul in September 1950
American M26 Pershing tanks in downtown Seoul during the Second Battle of Seoul. In the foreground, UN troops round up North Korean prisoners-of-war
US Marines engaged in urban warfare during the battle for Seoul in late September 1950. The Marines are armed with an M1 rifle and an M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. On the street are Korean civilians who died in the battle. In the distance are M4 Sherman tanks

He also faced the challenge that the USMC, reduced in size following World War II, had to rebuild the 1st Marine Division, using elements of the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade fighting at Pusan as well as the 1st Marine Regiment and the 7th Marine Regiment, which pulled US Marines from as far away as the Mediterranean Sea to Korea for the task.