2000 United States presidential election

The incumbent in 2000, Bill Clinton. His second term expired at noon on January 20, 2001.
Palm Beach County recount
2000 Palm Beach County voting stand and ballot box
Florida Supreme Court during the recount
Gore-Lieberman supporters outside the U.S. Supreme Court
Writer Harry Browne
Art Olivier
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Vote share by county for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader. Darker shades indicate a stronger Green performance.
Election results by county.
Election results by congressional district.

The 54th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000.

- 2000 United States presidential election

500 related topics


Joe Lieberman

American politician, lobbyist, and attorney who served as a United States senator from Connecticut from 1989 to 2013.

Official portrait, 2005
Lieberman with President Ronald Reagan in 1984
Lieberman with President George H. W. Bush in 1991
Lieberman (second from the left) and Senate colleagues with President Bill Clinton and his national security team on Air Force One to Bosnia in 1997
Lieberman during his re-election campaign on an independent ticket
Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Chairman Lieberman and Ranking Member Susan Collins address bipartisan suggestion on countermeasures toward Islamist extremism & domestic terrorism in U.S.
Senators Lieberman and John McCain talk with Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing, 2010
Supporters for the Gore-Lieberman ticket
Supporters for Joe Lieberman
Lieberman with Presidential Candidate John McCain at an event in Derry, New Hampshire
Senator Lieberman speaks at a 2005 event to keep Alaska wild to save polar bears among other arctic wildlife
Senator Lieberman with German Chancellor Angela Merkel at 2007 Munich Security Conference
Senator Lieberman with bipartisan delegation John McCain (R-AZ), Lindsey Graham (R-SC) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) visit International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan and Commander of NATO and ISAF David H. Petraeus in 2010
Lieberman speaks with former Republican Party presidential candidate and Governor of Utah Jon Huntsman Jr. at a bipartisan event hosted by the No Labels Foundation in 2016.
Lieberman testifying in front of Congress in support of DC statehood in 2021
Senator Lieberman and his wife Hadassah on their way to the U.S. Capitol in 2011
Lieberman with Marty Markowitz at the 2011 Brooklyn Book Festival to discuss the role spirituality played in his life.
Senator Lieberman visits Navy base in Groton, Connecticut

A former member of the Democratic Party, he was its nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2000 election.

United States presidential election

Indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the fifty U.S. states or in Washington, D.C., cast ballots not directly for those offices, but instead for members of the Electoral College.

A 2016 general election ballot, listing the presidential and vice presidential candidates
Comparison of the popular vote totals since 1900.
The hand-written copy of the natural-born-citizen clause as it appeared in 1787
A 2008 Democratic caucus meeting in Iowa City, Iowa. The Iowa caucuses are traditionally the first major electoral event of presidential primaries and caucuses.
Madison Square Garden in New York City, the site of the 1976, 1980, and 1992 Democratic National Conventions; and the 2004 Republican National Convention.
The floor of the 2008 Republican National Convention at the Xcel Energy Center in Saint Paul, Minnesota.
A Texas voter about to mark a selection for president on a ballot, 2008 Election Day
2020 Election
John Adams was the first of 26 presidents who have been lawyers.
Popular vote percentage
1789 Election
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As almost all states mandate the winner of the plurality of its constituent statewide popular vote ('one person, one vote') shall receive all of that state's electors ("winner-takes-all'), instances such as the presidential elections of 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016 produced an Electoral College winner who did not receive the most votes in the general election; these were presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote due to the outsized effects of close and narrow pluralities in numerous swing states.

2000 United States presidential election recount in Florida

The Palm Beach County recount attracted protestors and media
Simulation of the "butterfly ballot."
Supreme Court of Florida
Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris became a controversial figure during the Florida electoral recount
Florida Supreme Court spokesman Craig Waters
Supporters for the Gore-Lieberman ticket outside the U.S. Supreme Court on December 11

The 2000 United States presidential election recount in Florida was a period of vote recounting in Florida that occurred during the weeks after Election Day in the 2000 United States presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore.

Dick Cheney

American politician and businessman who served as the 46th vice president of the United States from 2001 to 2009 under president George W. Bush.

Official portrait, 2004
Cheney (r.) greets former Pres. Nixon with O.E.O. Director Rumsfeld, 1970.
Rumsfeld, Pres. Ford and Cheney, 1975
Cheney with staffer, 1976
White House Chief of Staff Cheney, 1976
Representative Cheney in 1984
Cheney meets with President Ronald Reagan, July 1983
Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, 1989–1993
Secretary Cheney with President Bush, 1991
Secretary of Defense Cheney delivering a speech before the launch of destroyer USS Arleigh Burke
Secretary of Defense Cheney during a press conference on the Gulf War
Cheney meets with Prince Sultan, Minister of Defence and Aviation in Saudi Arabia to discuss how to handle the invasion of Kuwait
Bush meets with Robert Gates, General Colin Powell, Secretary Cheney and others about the situation in the Persian Gulf and Operation Desert Shield, January 15, 1991
Cheney watching the initial 9/11 attack
Cheney speaks to US troops at Camp Anaconda, Iraq in 2008
President of Lithuania Valdas Adamkus (right) meets with Vice President Cheney in Vilnius, May 2006
Vice President Cheney (far right) with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and President Bush
Handwritten note above Joe Wilson's editorial by Cheney referring to the covert agent before the leak took place
Vice President Cheney speaks to the press flanked by fellow Republicans Mitch McConnell (left) and Trent Lott (right), April 2007
Pope Benedict XVI, Vice President Dick Cheney and Mrs. Lynne Cheney at a farewell ceremony for the Pope at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York.
Vice President Cheney escorts former first lady Nancy Reagan at the commissioning ceremony of the USS Ronald Reagan, 2003
Cheney walks with Saudi Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz, May 2007
Cheney speaking at CPAC in February 2011
Cheney attending his daughter Liz's ceremonial congressional swearing-in ceremony in January 2017
Cheney attending the state funeral of George H. W. Bush in December 2018
Cheney in 2012, promoting his book

In July 2000, Cheney was chosen by presumptive Republican presidential nominee George W. Bush as his running mate in the 2000 presidential election.

George H. W. Bush

American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

Official portrait, 1989
George H. W. Bush at his grandfather's house in Kennebunkport, c. 1925
Bush in his Grumman TBF Avenger aboard USS San Jacinto in 1944
Bush in Phillips Academy's 1942 yearbook
Bush, top right, stood with his wife and children, mid-1960s
Former president Dwight D. Eisenhower with Bush
Bush in 1969
Bush greeting then California Governor Ronald Reagan in 1967
Bush as ambassador to the United Nations, 1971
Bush as U.S. Liaison to China, c. 1975
Bush, as CIA Director, listens at a meeting following the assassinations in Beirut of Francis E. Meloy Jr. and Robert O. Waring, 1976
1980 campaign logo
Ronald Reagan, moderator Jon Breen, and Bush participate in the Nashua, New Hampshire, presidential debate, 1980
The Reagan–Bush ticket won the 1980 presidential election with 50.7% of the popular vote and a large majority of the electoral vote
Official portrait of Vice President Bush, 1981
President Ronald Reagan with Bush
Reagan and Bush in a meeting to discuss the United States' invasion of Grenada with a group of bipartisan members of Congress in October 1983
Vice President Bush standing with President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev on the New York City waterfront in 1988
1988 campaign logo
John Ashcroft and Vice President Bush campaign in St. Louis, Missouri, 1988
Bush won the 1988 presidential election with 53.4% of the popular vote and a large majority of the electoral vote
Chief Justice William Rehnquist administers the Presidential Oath of Office to George H. W. Bush
Map showing the division of East and West Germany until 1990, with Berlin in yellow
Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev at the Helsinki Summit in 1990
In 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved into fifteen independent republics, including Russia (labeled 11)
Iraq (green) invaded Kuwait (orange) in 1990
Bush meets with Robert Gates, General Colin Powell, Secretary Dick Cheney and others about the situation in the Persian Gulf, 1991
From left to right: (standing) President Carlos Salinas, President Bush, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney; (seated) Jaime Serra Puche, Carla Hills, and Michael Wilson at the NAFTA Initialing Ceremony, October 1992
Bush appointed Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court in 1991
Bush's approval ratings (red) compared to his disapproval ratings (blue) during his presidency
Bush was defeated in the 1992 presidential election by Bill Clinton
President Bill Clinton meeting with former presidents George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter at the White House in September 1993
George and Barbara Bush, 2001
From left to right: George H. W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Jimmy Carter
Members of the public pay their respects at the casket of George H. W. Bush lying in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Bush visits NAS JRB during Hurricane Katrina relief efforts, 2005
The George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum on the west campus of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, 2011

With the victory of his son, George W. Bush, in the 2000 presidential election, the two became the second father–son pair to serve as the nation's president, following John Adams and John Quincy Adams.

United States Electoral College

Group of presidential electors required by the Constitution to form every four years for the sole purpose of appointing the president and vice president.

Electoral votes, out of 538, allocated to each state and the District of Columbia for presidential elections to be held in 2024 and 2028, based on representation, which depends on population data from the 2020 census. Every jurisdiction is entitled to at least 3.
In the 2020 presidential election (held using 2010 census data) Joe Biden received 306 and Donald Trump 232 of the total 538 electoral votes.
In Maine (upper-right) and Nebraska (center), the small circled numbers indicate congressional districts. These are the only two states to use a district method for some of their allocated electors, instead of a complete winner-takes-all.
Cases of certificates of the electoral college votes confirming the results of the 2020 US election, after they had been removed from the House Chambers by congressional staff during the 2021 U.S. Capitol attack.
After the popular election in November, a state's Certificate of Ascertainment officially announces the state's electors for the Electoral College. The appointed Electoral College members later meet in the state capital in December to cast their votes.
Population per electoral vote for each state and Washington, D.C. (2010 census). By 2020 estimates, a single elector could represent more than 700,000 people or under 200,000.
When the state's electors meet in December, they cast their ballots and record their vote on a Certificate of Vote, which is then sent to the U.S. Congress. (From the election of 1876)
This cartogram shows the number of electors from each state for the 2012, 2016 and 2020 presidential elections. Following the 2010 Census, New York and Ohio lost two electoral votes, 8 states lost one, 6 states gained one, Florida gained two, and Texas gained four.
This graphic demonstrates how the winner of the popular vote can still lose in an electoral college system similar to the U.S. Electoral College.
Bar graph of popular votes in presidential elections (through 2020). Black stars mark the five cases where the winner did not have the plurality of the popular vote. Black squares mark the two cases where the electoral vote resulted in a tie, or the winner did not have the majority of electoral votes. An H marks each of two cases where the election was decided by the House; an S marks the one case where the election was finalized by the Supreme Court.
These maps show the amount of attention given to each state by the Bush and Kerry campaigns (combined) during the final five weeks of the 2004 election: each waving hand (purple map) represents a visit from a presidential or vice presidential candidate; each dollar sign (green map) represents one million dollars spent on TV advertising.
Half the U.S. population lives in 143 urban / suburban counties out of 3,143 counties or county equivalents (2019 American Community Survey)

Thus, a president may be elected who did not win the national popular vote, as occurred in 1824, 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016.

2000 United States presidential election in Florida

The 2000 United States presidential election in Florida took place on November 7, 2000, as part of the nationwide presidential election.

The outcome of the 2000 United States presidential election was not known for more than a month after balloting because of the extended process of counting and recounting Florida's presidential ballots.

Pat Buchanan

American paleoconservative political commentator, columnist, politician and broadcaster.

Buchanan in 2008
Buchanan on July 12, 1969
Buchanan in 1985
Logo used for Buchanan's 1992 and 1996 campaigns
Buchanan at the Florida State Capitol in 1992
Buchanan being interviewed in 2008
Buchanan's wife Shelley in 1996

In 2000, he was the Reform Party's presidential nominee.


State located in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Map of Florida, likely based on the expeditions of Hernando de Soto (1539–1543)
The Castillo de San Marcos. Originally white with red corners, its design reflects the colors and shapes of the Cross of Burgundy and the subsequent Flag of Florida.
East Florida and West Florida in British period (1763–1783)
A Cracker cowboy, 19th century
A U.S. Marine boat searching the Everglades for Seminoles (hiding in foreground) during the Second Seminole War
The Battle of Olustee during the American Civil War, 1864
People at the newly opened Don Cesar Hotel in St. Pete Beach, Florida in 1928
White segregationists (foreground) trying to prevent black people from swimming at a "White only" beach in St. Augustine during the 1964 Monson Motor Lodge protests
Miami's Freedom Tower, built in 1925, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Memorials left on the fence of the Pulse nightclub in Orlando in 2016
Florida is mostly low-lying and flat as this topographic map shows.
The state tree, Sabal palmetto, flourishes in Florida's overall warm climate.
An alligator in the Florida Everglades
West Indian manatee
Red mangroves in Everglades National Park
Fish and corals in John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park near Key Largo
American flamingos in South Florida
An American alligator and an invasive Burmese python in Everglades National Park
The Florida Keys as seen from a satellite
All of the 67 counties in Florida
Population density of Florida according to the 2020 census
Cuban men playing dominoes in Miami's Little Havana. In 2010, Cubans made up 34.4% of Miami's population and 6.5% of Florida's.
Church of the Little Flower in Coral Gables, Florida
Hindu Temple of Florida in Tampa
Old and New Florida State Capitol, Tallahassee, East view
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Florida Supreme Court building in Tallahassee
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, the primary teaching hospital of the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the largest hospital in the United States with 1,547 beds
Miami Art Deco District, built during the 1920s–1930s
University of Miami, Coral Gables
University of Central Florida, Orlando
Florida International University, Miami
University of South Florida, Tampa
Florida State University, Tallahassee
University of Florida, Gainesville
The Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay is a part of Florida's interstate system.
Orlando International Airport is the busiest airport in the state with 44.6million total passengers traveled in 2017.
Brightline train at Fort Lauderdale
The Miami Metrorail is the state's only rapid transit system. About 15% of Miamians use public transit daily.
American Airlines Arena in Miami
Marlins Park in Little Havana
Daytona International Speedway is home to various auto racing events.
In God We Trust motto on Florida license plate with a orange blossom the state flower
The Florida panther is the state animal.

Florida is also heavily noted for being a battleground state in American presidential elections, notably those in 2000, 2016, and 2020.

Alan Keyes

American conservative political activist, pundit, author, perennial candidate, and former ambassador.

Keyes in 2015
Keyes campaign logo
2004 campaign logo
The results of the 2004 Illinois Senate Election: Counties won by Obama are in blue, and counties won by Keyes are in red.
We Need Alan Keyes for President booth in Iowa, August 2007
Keyes at a 2008 presidential campaign rally
Keyes being interviewed during a 2009 Tea Party rally in Indiana
Keyes at a rally in 2012

Keyes ran for President of the United States in 1996, 2000, and 2008.