Hurricane Charley approaching Cuba on August 12
A sequence of satellite images depicting Hurricane Andrew (from right to left) on August 23–25
Charley rapidly intensifying as it approached Florida on August 13
Map of counties in the United States designated as disaster areas in the aftermath of a storm(s)
Visual comparison of Hurricane Floyd and Hurricane Andrew while at similar positions and nearly identical intensities
NEXRAD image of Hurricane Charley over Punta Gorda, Florida just after landfall
Hurricane Andrew shortly after landfall near Homestead
Charley making landfall on August 13, 2004
Hurricanes Frances (top left) and Ivan (bottom right) on September 5
Satellite image of Hurricane Andrew approaching Louisiana
Powerline in Cuba damaged by Hurricane Charley
Damage from Hurricane Andrew in a large mobile home community
Damage in Captiva Island
Damage in Lakes by the Bay
Damage caused to a gas station by Hurricane Charley in Kissimmee, Florida.
The Dadeland Mobile Home Park after Andrew
President George W. Bush, aboard Marine One, surveys hurricane damage at a mobile home park in Fort Myers, Florida.
Damage from an F3 tornado spawned by Andrew in LaPlace
Aerial image of destroyed homes in Punta Gorda
Rainfall summary of Hurricane Andrew in the United States
Empty railroad hopper cars toppled over as a result of high winds from Hurricane Charley in Fort Meade
Clean-up after Hurricane Andrew in Dade County
Hurricane Charley, just after its third US landfall in South Carolina
A home destroyed by the storm
Port Charlotte, September 16, 2004. Congressman Mark Foley (right) checks out the travel trailers that FEMA provides as temporary housing
Tent cities were constructed to house displaced residents.

It was the third named storm, the second hurricane, and the second major hurricane of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season.

- Hurricane Charley

It made landfall in Southwest Florida at maximum strength, making it the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Hurricane Andrew struck Florida in 1992 and the strongest hurricane to hit southwest Florida in recorded history.

- Hurricane Charley

There are four notable storms: Hurricane Charley, that made landfall in Florida as a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS), causing $16 billion in damage in the United States alone.

- 2004 Atlantic hurricane season

A 91 ft wave, possibly the largest ever recorded, was attributed to Ivan; this wave may have been as high as 131 ft. Additionally, hurricanes Charley and Ivan ranked as the third and second costliest hurricanes in the United States at the time, respectively, behind only Hurricane Andrew.

- 2004 Atlantic hurricane season

Small storms like Andrew or Charley tend to produce less overall coverages and damages from the storm surge (opposite cyclones such as Hurricanes Katrina, Ivan, Ike and Hugo).

- Hurricane Andrew

After hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne in 2004, a study conducted by the University of Florida in the following year noted that "Homes built under the new Florida Building Code that became effective in 2002 sustained less damage on average than those built between 1994 and 2001."

- Hurricane Andrew
Hurricane Charley approaching Cuba on August 12

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Photo of Hurricane Frances taken by Mike Fincke aboard the International Space Station on August 27, 2004

Hurricane Frances

The second most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic during 2004 and proved to be very destructive in Florida.

The second most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic during 2004 and proved to be very destructive in Florida.

Photo of Hurricane Frances taken by Mike Fincke aboard the International Space Station on August 27, 2004
Radar mosaic of Hurricane Frances at 12:57 am EDT, 5 September.
Hurricane Frances making landfall on Hutchinson Island near Port St. Lucie, Florida, on September 5
Storm total Rainfall from Frances
Hurricane Frances over the Bahamas on September 3
Xenon lights illuminate the 525 ft tall Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center, Florida where workers make repairs on September 30, 2004.
President George W. Bush helps deliver water at a relief center in Ft. Pierce, Florida.

It was the sixth named storm, the fourth hurricane, and the third major hurricane of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season.

Frances then passed over the central sections of Florida, three weeks after Hurricane Charley, causing significant damage to the state's citrus crop, closing major airports and schools, and forcing the cancellation of a collegiate football game.

There was the potential for catastrophic damage along Florida's heavily populated east coast, with warnings that damages from Frances could exceed the insured losses of Hurricane Andrew.

The eye of Hurricane Ivan as seen from the International Space Station on September 11, 2004.

Hurricane Ivan

Large, long-lived, Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States.

Large, long-lived, Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States.

The eye of Hurricane Ivan as seen from the International Space Station on September 11, 2004.
Hurricane Ivan at landfall in Baldwin County, Alabama on the U.S. Gulf Coast.
Ivan as a Category 3 hurricane, east of the Windwards on September 5, 2004.
Satellite images of Hurricane Ivan in stages across the storm's path
Aftermath of Hurricane Ivan in Grenada
Damage from Ivan in the Cayman Islands.
Hurricane Ivan sank and stacked numerous boats at Bayou Grande Marina at NAS Pensacola.
Damage from Ivan at the Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge
Rainfall in the United States caused by Ivan

The cyclone was the ninth named storm, the sixth hurricane and the fourth major hurricane of the active 2004 Atlantic hurricane season.

Ivan caused an estimated $20.5 billion (equivalent to $ in ) in damage in the United States alone, making it the second-costliest hurricane on record at the time, behind only Hurricane Andrew of 1992.

2005 Atlantic hurricane season

The most active Atlantic hurricane season in history, until the record was broken 15 years later in 2020.

The most active Atlantic hurricane season in history, until the record was broken 15 years later in 2020.

Flooding in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina

The 2005 season also featured a record seven major hurricanes, one more than the previous record, set in 1926, 1933, 1950, 1996, and 2004.

Total damage has been estimated at $125 billion, making Katrina the costliest hurricane in U.S. history, surpassing Andrew in 1992 and tying Harvey in 2017.

Hurricane Isabel in 2003 as seen from the International Space Station. The eye, eyewall, and surrounding rainbands, characteristics of tropical cyclones in the narrow sense, are clearly visible in this view from space.

Saffir–Simpson scale

The Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS), formerly the Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale (SSHS), classifies hurricanes – Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones – that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms – into five categories distinguished by the intensities of their sustained winds.

The Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS), formerly the Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale (SSHS), classifies hurricanes – Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones – that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms – into five categories distinguished by the intensities of their sustained winds.

Hurricane Isabel in 2003 as seen from the International Space Station. The eye, eyewall, and surrounding rainbands, characteristics of tropical cyclones in the narrow sense, are clearly visible in this view from space.

The agency cited various hurricanes as reasons for removing the "scientifically inaccurate" information, including Hurricane Katrina (2005) and Hurricane Ike (2008), which both had stronger than estimated storm surges, and Hurricane Charley (2004), which had weaker than estimated storm surge.

Historical examples of storms that made landfall at Category 5 status include: "Cuba" (1924), "Okeechobee" (1928), "Bahamas" (1932), "Cuba–Brownsville" (1933), "Labor Day" (1935), Janet (1955), Camille (1969), Edith (1971), Anita (1977), David (1979), Gilbert (1988), Andrew (1992), Dean (2007), Felix (2007), Irma (2017), Maria (2017), Michael (2018), and Dorian (2019).

Sea surface temperatures in Hurricane Irma's path from September 3–6.

Hurricane Irma

Extremely powerful Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread destruction across its path in September 2017.

Extremely powerful Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread destruction across its path in September 2017.

Sea surface temperatures in Hurricane Irma's path from September 3–6.
Three simultaneously active hurricanes on September 7. From left to right: Katia, Irma, and Jose, the first occurrence since 2010.
Combined satellite image of Hurricanes Andrew (inset, at left) and Irma (right), showing the size comparison of the storms
Infrared satellite loop of Irma approaching the northern Leeward Islands on September 5, around the time of its upgrade to a Category 5 hurricane
Residents in Doral installing hurricane shutters in advance of the storm
Eastbound Interstate 4 lanes on the afternoon of September 9 are filled with evacuating traffic from the Gulf Coast (note the emergency shoulder use by moving traffic), while westbound lanes are almost empty at 5 PM on a Saturday afternoon
A house in Barbuda that was badly damaged by the hurricane
Operational Land Imager imagery by Landsat 8 of the Virgin Islands from before and after Hurricane Irma's impact, depicting a "browning" of the landscape and vegetation.
Hurricane Irma north of Hispaniola on September 7, 2017
People stand in a flooded street that usually serves as a farmers market, in Ouanaminthe, northeast Haiti, September 8, 2017.
Patrol boat Admiral Didiez Burgos of the Dominican Navy delivering disaster supplies in Havana Harbor after Hurricane Irma.
True-color images before and after the passage of Irma, in which light blue indicates sediment suspended in the water, kicked up by the intensity of the storm
Remains of a Florida neighborhood destroyed by Hurricane Irma in Big Pine Key
Boats washed up on U.S. Route 1 in the Florida Keys
Hurricane Irma on September 10, just before landfall on Florida. Hurricane Jose can be seen to the lower right.
A UK Royal Logistics Corp landing raft delivers emergency relief to Anguilla
Royal Marines delivering aid and providing support to the islanders of Jost Van Dyke, British Virgin Islands
President Donald Trump visits Naples, Florida to talk with people impacted by Hurricane Irma
Nighttime satellite images of Florida before (left) and the night after (right) Hurricane Irma, highlighting the extensive loss of grid (mains) electricity

It was also the most intense hurricane to strike the continental United States since Katrina in 2005, the first major hurricane to make landfall in Florida since Wilma in the same year, and the first Category 4 hurricane to strike the state since Charley in 2004.

It was estimated that the cyclone caused at least $50 billion in damage, making Irma the costliest hurricane in Florida history, surpassing Hurricane Andrew.

Hurricane Jeanne approaching Florida on September 25

Hurricane Jeanne

Category 3 hurricane that struck the Caribbean and the Eastern United States in September 2004.

Category 3 hurricane that struck the Caribbean and the Eastern United States in September 2004.

Hurricane Jeanne approaching Florida on September 25
Hurricane Jeanne making landfall on the east coast of Hispaniola, September 16.
Colorized infrared satellite image of Hurricane Jeanne at the time of landfall in Florida
Flooding in Haiti
Storm total Rainfall from Jeanne
Damage from a tornado spawned by Hurricane Jeanne in Delaware
A U.S. Navy member assesses a damaged sailboat in Jacksonville, Florida
Damaged signs in Orlando, Florida caused by Jeanne.
Damages to Vehicle Assembly Building

It was the tenth named storm, the seventh hurricane, and the fifth major hurricane of the season, as well as the third hurricane and fourth named storm of the season to make landfall in Florida.

It was difficult to isolate this from damage caused by Hurricane Frances (and, around Polk County and Highlands County, from Hurricane Charley as well).

Florida

State located in the Southeastern region of the United States.

State located in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Map of Florida, likely based on the expeditions of Hernando de Soto (1539–1543)
The Castillo de San Marcos. Originally white with red corners, its design reflects the colors and shapes of the Cross of Burgundy and the subsequent Flag of Florida.
East Florida and West Florida in British period (1763–1783)
A Cracker cowboy, 19th century
A U.S. Marine boat searching the Everglades for Seminoles (hiding in foreground) during the Second Seminole War
The Battle of Olustee during the American Civil War, 1864
People at the newly opened Don Cesar Hotel in St. Pete Beach, Florida in 1928
White segregationists (foreground) trying to prevent black people from swimming at a "White only" beach in St. Augustine during the 1964 Monson Motor Lodge protests
Miami's Freedom Tower, built in 1925, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Memorials left on the fence of the Pulse nightclub in Orlando in 2016
Florida is mostly low-lying and flat as this topographic map shows.
The state tree, Sabal palmetto, flourishes in Florida's overall warm climate.
An alligator in the Florida Everglades
West Indian manatee
Red mangroves in Everglades National Park
Fish and corals in John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park near Key Largo
American flamingos in South Florida
An American alligator and an invasive Burmese python in Everglades National Park
The Florida Keys as seen from a satellite
All of the 67 counties in Florida
Population density of Florida according to the 2020 census
Cuban men playing dominoes in Miami's Little Havana. In 2010, Cubans made up 34.4% of Miami's population and 6.5% of Florida's.
Church of the Little Flower in Coral Gables, Florida
Hindu Temple of Florida in Tampa
Old and New Florida State Capitol, Tallahassee, East view
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Florida Supreme Court building in Tallahassee
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, the primary teaching hospital of the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the largest hospital in the United States with 1,547 beds
Miami Art Deco District, built during the 1920s–1930s
University of Miami, Coral Gables
University of Central Florida, Orlando
Florida International University, Miami
University of South Florida, Tampa
Florida State University, Tallahassee
University of Florida, Gainesville
The Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay is a part of Florida's interstate system.
Orlando International Airport is the busiest airport in the state with 44.6million total passengers traveled in 2017.
Brightline train at Fort Lauderdale
The Miami Metrorail is the state's only rapid transit system. About 15% of Miamians use public transit daily.
American Airlines Arena in Miami
Marlins Park in Little Havana
Daytona International Speedway is home to various auto racing events.
In God We Trust motto on Florida license plate with a orange blossom the state flower
The Florida panther is the state animal.

In 1992, Florida was the site of what was then the costliest weather disaster in U.S. history, Hurricane Andrew, which caused more than $25billion in damages when it struck during August; it held that distinction until 2005, when Hurricane Katrina surpassed it, and it has since been surpassed by six other hurricanes.

2017 Atlantic hurricane season

Extremely active Atlantic hurricane season and the costliest on record, with a damage total of at least $294.92 billion .

Extremely active Atlantic hurricane season and the costliest on record, with a damage total of at least $294.92 billion .

Three simultaneous hurricanes active on September 8, with Katia (left), Irma (center), and Jose (right), the first such occurrence since 2010. All three were threatening or affecting land at the time.
Potential Tropical Cyclone Ten on August 28

In late August, Hurricane Harvey struck Texas and became the first major hurricane to make landfall in the United States since Wilma in 2005 and the strongest since Charley in 2004.

The Bahamas

Country within the Lucayan Archipelago of the West Indies in the Atlantic.

Country within the Lucayan Archipelago of the West Indies in the Atlantic.

A depiction of Columbus's first landing, claiming possession of the New World for the Crown of Castile in caravels; the Niña and the Pinta, on Watling Island, an island of the Bahamas that the natives called Guanahani and that he named San Salvador, on 12 October 1492.
Continental Marines land at New Providence during the Battle of Nassau in 1776
Sign at Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park commemorating hundreds of African-American slaves who escaped to freedom in the early 1820s in The Bahamas
The lighthouse in Great Isaac Cay.
The Duke of Windsor and Governor of the Bahamas from 1940 to 1945
The Bahamas used to be a Crown colony until it gained independence in 1973
Hurricane Dorian's destruction in the Bahamas
Map of The Bahamas
The Bahamas map of Köppen climate classification.
Dean's Blue Hole in Clarence Town on Long Island, Bahamas.
The Blue Lagoon Island, Bahamas.
The Bahamian Parliament, located in Nassau
Bahamian Prime Minister Hubert Minnis with US President Donald Trump on 22 March 2019
Districts of The Bahamas
A proportional representation of The Bahamas' exports in 2019.
Leonard M. Thompson International Airport
Demographics of Bahamas, data of FAO; number of inhabitants in thousands
Afro-Bahamian children at a local school
White Bahamians on the island of New Providence
Junkanoo celebration in Nassau
Bahamian coat of arms
Thomas Robinson Stadium in Nassau.

In 1992, Hurricane Andrew passed over the northern portions of the islands, and Hurricane Floyd passed near the eastern portions of the islands in 1999.

NASA satellite image, showing New Providence Island to the west, and east of it, the long, narrow island of Eleuthera running north and south (along with its associated Harbour and other small islands), as seen from space in 1997.

Eleuthera

Eleuthera refers both to a single island in the archipelagic state of The Commonwealth of the Bahamas and to its associated group of smaller islands.

Eleuthera refers both to a single island in the archipelagic state of The Commonwealth of the Bahamas and to its associated group of smaller islands.

NASA satellite image, showing New Providence Island to the west, and east of it, the long, narrow island of Eleuthera running north and south (along with its associated Harbour and other small islands), as seen from space in 1997.
Gregory Town, Eleuthera in December 2012.
Eleuthera Island is one of several within the archipelago surrounded by shallow seas, visible here as light blue. Mosaic patterns of sand waves built by sea bottom currents in the shallows stand out in stark contrast to the deep blue of the ocean depths of a thousand feet in the Exuma Sound.
Beach scene at Current Island, Eleuthera

In 1992 the island was severely damaged by the category 5 Hurricane Andrew; massive wind speeds hit the island and an 18-foot tidal surge inundated the coastal area.