2004 Spanish general election

20042004 general election2004 election2004 elections2004 parliamentary elections2004 general electionsSpanish general election of 2004Spanish general election, 2004electionsgeneral election
The 2004 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 14 March 2004, to elect the 8th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.wikipedia
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2004 Madrid train bombings

Madrid train bombings11 March 2004 Madrid train bombingsMadrid
The electoral outcome was heavily influenced by the aftermath of the Madrid train bombings on 11 March, as a result of which all parties suspended their electoral campaigns. For two days following the attacks, the People's Party (PP) government kept blaming the terrorist organization ETA for the bombings, even in spite of mounting evidence suggesting the involvement of Islamist groups.
The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections.

Controversies about the 2004 Madrid train bombings

2004 Madrid train bombings controversiesconspiracy theories regarding the Madrid train bombingsconspiracy theories vis-à-vis the authorship of the 11-M train bombings
The government was accused of misinformation, as an Islamist attack would have been perceived as the direct result of Spain's involvement in the Iraq War, which had been highly unpopular among the public.
The bombings occurred three days before general elections, in which incumbent José María Aznar's PP was defeated.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
The 2004 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 14 March 2004, to elect the 8th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.
Because of the proximity of the 2004 election, the issue of responsibility quickly became a political controversy, with the main competing parties PP and PSOE exchanging accusations over the handling of the incident.

People's Party (Spain)

People's PartyPPPartido Popular
For two days following the attacks, the People's Party (PP) government kept blaming the terrorist organization ETA for the bombings, even in spite of mounting evidence suggesting the involvement of Islamist groups.
Thus, Rajoy became the party's candidate for Prime Minister in the 2004 general election, held three days after the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings, and which Rajoy lost by a big margin to Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) leader José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party

PSOEPartido Socialista Obrero Españolsocialist
At 11 million votes and 42.6%, the opposition Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) increased by 3.1 million its 2000 result, securing 164 seats—a net gain of 39.
On 14 March 2004, PSOE won the 2004 Spanish general election with almost 43% of the votes, following the 11-M terrorist (11 March) attacks.

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

ZapateroJose Luis Rodriguez ZapateroJosé Luis Zapatero
He was the Prime Minister of Spain being elected for two terms, in the 2004 and 2008 general elections.

United Left (Spain)

United LeftIUIzquierda Unida
Two minor left-wing parties, Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and United Left (IU), immediately announced their intention to support Zapatero's government.

Mariano Rajoy

RajoyMariano Rajoy BreyPrime Minister Rajoy
Rajoy was elected Secretary General of the party the following day, and led the party into the 2004 elections.

Initiative for Catalonia Greens

ICVInitiative for CataloniaInitiative for Catalonia–Greens
The Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) agreed to continue with the Catalan Agreement of Progress alliance for the Senate with the inclusion of United and Alternative Left (EUiA).

Senate of Spain

SenateSpanish SenateSenator
All 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies were up for election, as well as 208 of 259 seats in the Senate.

Nafarroa Bai

Navarre YesNavarre Yes 2011Na-Bai
Nafarroa Bai (Navarre Yes) was a Navarrese coalition in Spain of Basque nationalist and regional left-wing parties created in 2003 for the 2004 Spanish General election.

Progressives for the Balearic Islands

PIB
In the Balearic Islands, PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN), United Left of the Balearic Islands (EUIB), The Greens of the Balearic Islands (EVIB) and ERC formed the Progressives for the Balearic Islands alliance.
Progressives for the Balearic Islands (Progressistes per les Illes Balears), or simply Progressives (Progressistes), was a Spanish party alliance formed by PSM–Nationalist Agreement, United Left, The Greens and Republican Left of Catalonia to contest the 2004 general election in the Balearic Islands.

United and Alternative Left

EUiAEsquerra Unida i AlternativaCanovelles Unida (EUiA)
The Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) agreed to continue with the Catalan Agreement of Progress alliance for the Senate with the inclusion of United and Alternative Left (EUiA).

Republican Left of Catalonia

ERCEsquerra Republicana de CatalunyaRepublican Left
Two minor left-wing parties, Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and United Left (IU), immediately announced their intention to support Zapatero's government. The Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) agreed to continue with the Catalan Agreement of Progress alliance for the Senate with the inclusion of United and Alternative Left (EUiA).

Catalan Agreement of Progress

Entesa Catalana de ProgrésAgreement for Catalonia ProgressEntesa pel Progrés de Catalunya
The Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) agreed to continue with the Catalan Agreement of Progress alliance for the Senate with the inclusion of United and Alternative Left (EUiA).

Confederation of the Greens

The GreensGreensLV
In the Balearic Islands, PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN), United Left of the Balearic Islands (EUIB), The Greens of the Balearic Islands (EVIB) and ERC formed the Progressives for the Balearic Islands alliance.

National Democracy (Spain)

National DemocracyDemocracia NacionalDN
In the 2004 general election, the party got 15,180 votes throughout Spain, amounting to 0.06% of the total vote.

Gaspar Llamazares

In the 2004 general election, Llamazares was elected Deputy for Madrid (as it is tradition for the Prime Ministerial Candidates of the national parties to be candidates for Madrid), but IU obtained its worst result ever with only 3 seats in Congress (5 in coalition with Initiative for Catalonia Greens).

Aralar (Basque political party)

AralarAralar Party
Aralar contested the Spanish general election, 2004 in the Basque Autonomous Community in coalition with Zutik but failed to win any seats, polling 3.09% of the valid votes.

Eusko Alkartasuna

Basque SolidarityEABasque Solidarity (EA)
In the 2004 Spanish general election, the party won one seat in the congress of the Spanish parliament, from the constituency of Guipuzcoa, with some 80,000 votes.

Uxue Barkos

Uxue Barkos Berruezo
Barkos, who was not a member of any of the parties, was selected to head the list at the 2004 Spanish General Election.

Galician Nationalist Bloc

BNGBloque Nacionalista GalegoGalician Nationalist Bloc–Open Assemblies
Meanwhile, the BNG won 208,688 votes (11.37 per cent of the Galician vote, 0.8 of the Spanish total) in the 2004 Spanish general election, gaining two of the 350 seats in the Spanish Congress of Deputies.

Zutik

Stand up
Zutik members ran once on electoral lists of Euskal Herritarrok (EH), but in the 2004 Spanish general election, Zutik put an electoral platform together with Aralar.