Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States (1861–1865) and the first Republican to hold the office
Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States (1829–1837) and the first Democratic president.
Charles R. Jennison, an anti-slavery militia leader associated with the Jayhawkers from Kansas and an early Republican politician in the region
Martin Van Buren was the eighth president of the United States (1837–1841) and the second Democratic president.
Senator Kerry at a primary rally in St. Louis, Missouri, at the St. Louis Community College – Forest Park
Ulysses S. Grant, 18th president of the United States (1869–1877)
Senator Stephen A. Douglas
David Cobb, the Green Party candidate
James G. Blaine, 28th & 31st Secretary of State (1881; 1889–1892)
The 1885 inauguration of Grover Cleveland, the only president with non-consecutive terms
Libertarian candidate Michael Badnarik
William McKinley, 25th president of the United States (1897–1901)
Leaders of the Democratic Party during the first half of the 20th century on 14 June 1913: Secretary of State William J. Bryan, Josephus Daniels, President Woodrow Wilson, Breckinridge Long, William Phillips, and Franklin D. Roosevelt
Bush speaking at campaign rally in St. Petersburg, Florida, October 19, 2004
Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States (1901–1909)
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, 32nd and 33rd presidents of the United States (1933–1945; 1945–1953), featured on a campaign poster for the 1944 presidential election
Neighboring yard signs for Bush and Kerry in Grosse Pointe, Michigan
Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States (1929–1933)
John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, 35th and 36th presidents of the United States (1961–1963, 1963–1969)
These maps show the amount of attention given by the campaigns to the close states. At left, each waving hand represents a visit from a presidential or vice-presidential candidate during the final five weeks. At right, each dollar sign represents one million dollars spent on TV advertising by the campaigns during the same time period.
Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States (1981–1989)
Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States (1977–1981), delivering the State of the Union Address in 1979
Cheney visited Washington & Jefferson College in Pennsylvania on October 27, 2004
Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States (2017–2021)
Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States (1993–2001), at The Pentagon in 1998
Bush in the Oval Office, receiving a concession phone call from Kerry, which came the afternoon of the day following the election after Ohio Secretary of State Ken Blackwell declared that it would be statistically impossible for Kerry to overcome Bush's lead in the state's results
Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States (1923–1929)
Barack Obama speaking to College Democrats of America in 2007
Map of election day problems
Arnold Schwarzenegger, 38th governor of California (2003–2011)
President Barack Obama meeting with the Blue Dog Coalition in the State Dining Room of the White House in 2009
Presidential electoral votes by state. Red is Republican; blue is Democratic.
John McCain, United States senator from Arizona (1987–2018)
Eleanor Roosevelt at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
Presidential popular votes by county. Note substantially more "mixing" of colors.
Donald Rumsfeld, 21st United States Secretary of Defense (2001–2006)
President Barack Obama signing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law at the White House on March 23, 2010
Presidential popular votes by county as a scale from red/Republican to blue/Democratic.
Colin Powell, 65th United States Secretary of State (2001–2005)
Secretary of State John Kerry addressing delegates at the United Nations before signing the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016
Presidential popular votes cartogram, in which the sizes of counties have been rescaled according to their population.
Newt Gingrich, 50th Speaker of the House of Representatives (1995–1999)
Shirley Chisholm was the first major-party African American candidate to run nationwide primary campaigns.
Cartogram in which each square represents one electoral vote.
Annual population growth in the U.S. by county - 2010s
President Lyndon B. Johnson signing the Immigration Act of 1965 as Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Senators Edward M. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy and others look on
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
This map shows the vote in the 2020 presidential election by county.
Then-Senator Barack Obama shaking hands with an American soldier in Basra, Iraq in 2008
Change in vote margins at the county level from the 2000 election to the 2004 election. While Bush improved nationally overall, making his strongest gains in the South, he suffered a loss of support in parts of New England and the Western United States, which swung in Kerry's favor.
Political Spectrum Libertarian Left    Centrist   Right  Authoritarian
President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in 1978
Results by congressional district.
U.S. opinion on gun control issues is deeply divided along political lines, as shown in this 2021 survey.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meeting with President Barack Obama at Ben Gurion Airport in 2013
Self-identified Democrats (blue) versus self-identified Republicans (red) (January–June 2010 data)
Higher percentages of Democrats than Republicans are members of union households.
Elected at age 33, Jon Ossoff is currently the youngest member of the U.S. Senate.
Hillary Clinton was the first woman to be nominated for president by a major party.
Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg
Vice President Kamala Harris
Julián Castro served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
U.S. Senator Tammy Duckworth
Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer
U.S. opinion on gun control issues is deeply divided along political lines, as shown in this 2021 survey.

Since the mid-1850s, it has been the main political rival of the Democratic Party.

- Republican Party (United States)

Its main political rival has been the Republican Party since the 1850s.

- Democratic Party (United States)

The Republican ticket of incumbent President George W. Bush and his running mate incumbent Vice President Dick Cheney were elected to a second term, defeating the Democratic ticket of John Kerry, a United States senator from Massachusetts and his running mate John Edwards, a United States senator from North Carolina.

- 2004 United States presidential election

A Republican ticket of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney won the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections.

- Republican Party (United States)

In the 2004 presidential election, Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry received 54% of the vote from voters of the age group 18–29 while Republican George W. Bush received 45%.

- Democratic Party (United States)

5 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Official portrait, 2003

George W. Bush

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American politician who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

American politician who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

Official portrait, 2003
George W. Bush with his parents, Barbara and George H. W. Bush, c. undefined 1947
Governor Bush (right) with father, former president George H. W. Bush, and wife, Laura, 1997
2000 electoral vote results
2004 electoral vote results
George W. Bush re-election campaign stop in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Deficit and debt increases from 2001 to 2009. Gross debt has increased over $500billion each year since the 2003 fiscal year.
President Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act into law, January 8, 2002
President Bush delivering a statement on energy, urging Congress to end offshore oil drill ban, June 18, 2008
President Bush discussing border security with Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff near El Paso, November 2005
President Bush with hurricane victims in Biloxi, September 2, 2005
President Bush announcing his nomination of Alberto Gonzales as the next U.S. Attorney General, November 10, 2004
Countries visited by President George W. Bush during his time in office
President Bush with Russian president Vladimir Putin in Shanghai, October 21, 2001. Russia had cooperated with the U.S. in the war on terror.
President Bush, beside firefighter Bob Beckwith, addressing rescue workers at the World Trade Center site
Countries with major military operations throughout the war on terror launched by Bush, including those launched after his presidency
President Bush and President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan in Kabul, March 1, 2006
President Bush, with Naval Flight Officer Lieutenant Ryan Philips, after landing on the USS Abraham Lincoln prior to his Mission Accomplished speech, May 1, 2003
Gallup/USA Today Bush public opinion polling from February 2001 to January 2009
Protest against the Iraq War in New London, Connecticut on May 23, 2007
Countries with a U.S. military presence in 2007
Charlie Strong (left), Texas Longhorns head football coach, George W. Bush and Reverend Jesse Jackson hold up a Texas Longhorns football jersey at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2014
Bush eulogizing his father at the National Cathedral, December 5, 2018
George W. Bush and Laura at the inauguration of Joe Biden
George W. Bush Presidential Center, on the campus of Southern Methodist University
Bush on January 20, 2001 in Washington D.C., the day of his first inauguration as President of the United States.
Former President George W. Bush and his wife being escorted to a waiting helicopter by President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama on January 20, 2009.

A member of the Republican Party, Bush family, and son of former president George H. W. Bush, he previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

In the 2000 presidential election, Bush defeated Democratic incumbent Vice President Al Gore after a narrow and contested win that involved a Supreme Court decision to stop a recount in Florida.

Bush was re-elected president in 2004, defeating Democrat John Kerry.

2000 United States presidential election

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The 54th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000.

The 54th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000.

The incumbent in 2000, Bill Clinton. His second term expired at noon on January 20, 2001.
Palm Beach County recount
2000 Palm Beach County voting stand and ballot box
Florida Supreme Court during the recount
Gore-Lieberman supporters outside the U.S. Supreme Court
Writer Harry Browne
Art Olivier
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Vote share by county for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader. Darker shades indicate a stronger Green performance.
Election results by county.
Election results by congressional district.

Republican candidate George W. Bush, the governor of Texas and eldest son of the 41st president, George H. W. Bush, won the election, defeating incumbent Vice President Al Gore.

President Bill Clinton, a Democrat and former Governor of Arkansas, was ineligible to seek reelection to a third term due to the Twenty-second Amendment; in accordance with Section1 of the Twentieth Amendment, his term expired at noon Eastern Standard Time on January 20, 2001.

Because the 2000 presidential election was so close in Florida, the federal government and state governments pushed for election reform to be prepared by the 2004 presidential election.

2008 United States presidential election

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The 56th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 2008.

The 56th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 2008.

The incumbent in 2008, George W. Bush. His second term expired at noon on January 20, 2009.
2008 DNC during Stevie Wonder's performance
The Palins and McCains campaigning in Fairfax, Virginia, September 10, 2008, following the Republican National Convention
Obama campaigning as a symbol of change in Cleveland, Ohio with a "Change We Need" sign
Cartogram of the Electoral Votes for 2008 United States presidential election, each square representing one electoral vote. The map shows the impact of winning swing states. Nebraska, being one of two states that are not winner-take-all, for the first time had its votes split, with its second congressional district voting for Obama.
An Obama sign displayed at a home in Arlington, VA, on November 1, 2008.
States/districts in the 2008 United States Presidential election in which the margin of victory was less than 5%. Blue states/districts went for Obama, red for McCain. Yellow states were won by either candidate by 5% or more. Nevada, Colorado, New Mexico, Virginia and Iowa were won by Bush in 2004 but were won by Obama by a margin of more than 5% in 2008.
Swing by state. States are listed by (increasing) percentage of Democratic votes, showing how the share of the vote changed between 2004 and 2008. Excluding the candidates' home states, only five states trended more Republican: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Tennessee and West Virginia.
{{center|Independent:
{{center|Libertarian Party:
{{center|Constitution Party:
{{center|Green Party:
Popular vote by county. Red represents counties that went for McCain; blue represents counties that went for Obama. Connecticut, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont had all counties go to Obama. Oklahoma had all counties go to McCain.
Presidential popular votes by county as a scale from red/Republican to blue/Democratic.
Cartogram of popular vote with each county rescaled in proportion to its population. Deeper blue represents a Democratic majority; brighter red represents a Republican majority.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/election/2008/|title=Election maps|website=www-personal.umich.edu}}</ref>
Voting shifts per county from the 2004 to the 2008 election. Darker blue indicates the county voted more Democratic. Darker red indicates the county voted more Republican.
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Change in vote margins at the county level from the 2004 election to the 2008 election. Obama made dramatic gains in every region of the country except for Arizona (McCain's home state), Alaska (Palin's home state), Appalachia, and the inner South, where McCain improved over Bush.
Results by Congressional Districts, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Final poll closing times on Election Day.
7PM EST [00:00 UTC] (6)
7:30PM EST [00:30 UTC] (3)
8PM EST [01:00 UTC] (15+DC)
8:30PM EST [01:30 UTC] (1)
9PM EST [02:00 UTC] (15)
10PM EST [03:00 UTC] (4)
11PM EST [04:00 UTC] (5)
1AM EST [06:00 UTC] (1)

The Democratic ticket of Barack Obama, the junior senator from Illinois, and Joe Biden, the senior senator from Delaware, defeated the Republican ticket of John McCain, the senior senator from Arizona, and Sarah Palin, the governor of Alaska.

Obama flipped nine states that had voted Republican in 2004: Colorado, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, and Virginia, as well as Nebraska's 2nd congressional district.

Gen. Anthony C. Zinni briefs reporters at The Pentagon following Operation Desert Fox, 21 December 1998

2003 invasion of Iraq

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The first stage of the Iraq War.

The first stage of the Iraq War.

Gen. Anthony C. Zinni briefs reporters at The Pentagon following Operation Desert Fox, 21 December 1998
A UN weapons inspector in Iraq, 2002.
Two US F-16 Fighting Falcons prepare to depart Prince Sultan Air Base in Saudi Arabia for a patrol as part of Operation Southern Watch, 2000.
memo
George W. Bush addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 September 2002 to outline the complaints of the United States government against the Iraqi government.
From left: French President Jacques Chirac, US President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Italian Prime minister Silvio Berlusconi at the G8 Summit at Evian, France. Chirac opposed the invasion; the other three leaders supported it.
Anti war protest in London, 2002
60,000–200,000 protesters of various ages demonstrated in San Francisco, 15 February 2003
José Manuel Durão Barroso, Tony Blair, George W. Bush and José María Aznar on 16 March 2003
U.S. President George W. Bush meets with his top advisors on 19 March 2003 just before the invasion
Colin Powell holding a model vial of anthrax while giving presentation to the United Nations Security Council on 5 February 2003 (still photograph captured from video clip, The White House/CNN)
President George Bush, surrounded by leaders of the House and Senate, announces the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, 2 October 2002.
President George W. Bush addresses the nation from the Oval Office, 19 March 2003, to announce the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Tony Blair (left) and George W. Bush at Camp David in March 2003, during the build-up to the invasion of Iraq
Kurdish areas in Northern Iraq
US Marine M1A1 tank is off-loaded from a US Navy LCAC in Kuwait in February 2003
T-72 Lion of Babylon (Asad Babil)
US invasion: 20–28 March 2003
US invasion: 29 March – 7 April 2003
Routes and major battles fought by invasion force and afterwards
Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2) mission briefing aboard USS Constellation (CV-64), 21 March 2003.
Wingtip vortices are visible trailing from an F-15E as it disengages from midair refueling with a KC-10 during Operation Iraqi Freedom
NASA Landsat 7 image of Baghdad, 2 April 2003. The dark streaks are smoke from oil well fires set in an attempt to hinder attacking air forces
A U.S. amphibious fighting vehicle destroyed near Nasiriyah
A U.S. soldier stands guard duty near a burning oil well in the Rumaila oil field, 2 April 2003
Destroyed Iraqi T-72 tank on Highway 9 outside Najaf
British soldiers engage Iraqi Army positions with their 81mm Mortars south of Basra, 26 March 2003.
A T72 Asad Babil abandoned after facing the final U.S. thrust into Baghdad
The northern front during March and April 2003
Aftermath of Battle
Peshmerga, U.S. Special Operations
A squad leader with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (15th MEU (SOC))
The destroyed remains of Iraqi tanks and other armored vehicles litter an Iraqi military complex west of Diwaniyah
A combat camera video shows the 1 April 2003 footage of PFC Jessica Lynch on a stretcher during her rescue from Iraq.
U.S. Army M1A1 Abrams tanks and their crews pose for a photo in front of the "Victory Arch" monument at Baghdad's Ceremony Square in November 2003.
An American M1 Abrams tank destroyed in Baghdad
Marines from 1st Battalion 7th Marines enter a palace during the Battle of Baghdad
The April 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein's statue in Firdos Square in Baghdad shortly after the capture of the city
USS Abraham Lincoln returning to port carrying its Mission Accomplished banner
The "Coalition of the willing" named by the US State Department in 2003.
Polish GROM troops pose immediately after the port's capture during the Battle of Umm Qasr.
Aircraft of the USAF 379th Air Expeditionary Wing and UK and Australian counterparts stationed together at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, in southwest Asia, fly over the desert on 14 April 2003. Aircraft include KC-135 Stratotanker, F-15E Strike Eagle, F-117 Nighthawk, F-16CJ Falcon, British GR-4 Tornado, and Australian F/A-18 Hornet
A study found that in the lead up to the Iraq War, most U.S. sources were overwhelmingly in favor of the invasion.
Poland was part of the "coalition of the willing"
Members of the RAN Clearance Diving Team Three and an Australian Army LCM-8 inspecting camouflaged mines, 21 March 2003.

The Republican Party's campaign platform in the 2000 election called for "full implementation" of the Iraq Liberation Act as "a starting point" in a plan to "remove" Saddam.

For example, in April 2003 John Kerry, the Democratic candidate in the presidential election, said at a campaign rally: "What we need now is not just a regime change in Saddam Hussein and Iraq, but we need a regime change in the United States."

1988 United States presidential election

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The 51st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1988.

The 51st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1988.

The incumbent in 1988, Ronald Reagan. His second term expired at noon on January 20, 1989.
Former Representative Ron Paul ran on the Libertarian ticket. He returned to the House of Representatives in 1997 as a Republican.
Michael Dukakis on tank
Michael Dukakis at a campaign rally at UCLA's Pauley Pavilion on the eve of the 1988 election
Chief Justice William Rehnquist administering the oath of office to President George H. W. Bush on January 20, 1989, at the United States Capitol
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Results by congressional district
Election results by county.
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote

The Republican nominee, incumbent Vice President George H. W. Bush, defeated the Democratic nominee, Governor Michael Dukakis of Massachusetts.

As of, no candidate of either party has since equaled or surpassed Bush's share of the electoral or popular vote; only Bush's son George W. Bush in 2004 has won the popular vote in a presidential election for the Republicans since, and no Republican candidate has since won California, Illinois, New Jersey, Maryland, Connecticut, all of Maine, Delaware, or Vermont.