Déby in 2014
Déby in 2012
Idriss Déby giving an interview in his office, 2004
Idriss Deby with Obamas in August 2014
Idriss Déby Itno and Chadian First Lady waiting to vote, April 2016
Marshal Idriss Déby Itno in 2020

After Idriss Déby, an army commander who participated in an unsuccessful plot against President Hissène Habré in 1989, fled to Sudan, he and his supporters, known as the 1 April Movement, operated from Sudan with Libyan backing and carried out attacks across the border into Chad.

- Patriotic Salvation Movement

A referendum in 2005 had led to changes to the constitution that made it possible for President Idriss Déby to run for a third term; having come to power in December 1990, he had previously won elections in 1996 and 2001.

- 2006 Chadian presidential election

Throughout his presidency, his Patriotic Salvation Movement was the dominant party.

- Idriss Déby

Déby won elections in 1996 and 2001, and after term limits were eliminated he won again in 2006, 2011, 2016, and 2021.

- Idriss Déby

In the May 2006 presidential election, Déby was re-elected with 64.7% of the vote.

- Patriotic Salvation Movement

The only candidates were Déby, Agriculture Minister Albert Pahimi Padacké for the National Rally for Democracy in Chad, former Prime Minister Delwa Kassiré Koumakoye for the National Rally for Development and Progress, Mahamat Abdoulaye for the People's Movement for Democracy in Chad, and Brahim Koulamallah for the Renewed African Socialist Movement party; the latter three were representatives of political parties allied with Déby's Patriotic Salvation Movement party.

- 2006 Chadian presidential election
Déby in 2014

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Landlocked country at the crossroads of North and Central Africa.

Landlocked country at the crossroads of North and Central Africa.

Group of Kanem-Bu warriors. The Kanem–Bornu Empire controlled almost all of what is today Chad.
A Chadian soldier fighting for Free France during World War II. The Free French Forces included 15,000 soldiers from Chad.
Despite internal political opposition, coup attempts, and a civil war, Idriss Déby continuously ruled Chad from 1990 until his death in 2021.
Chad is divided into three distinct zones, the Sudanian Savanna in the south, the Sahara Desert in the north, and the Sahelian belt in the center.
An African bush elephant
Toubou nomads in the Ennedi Mountains
Mboum girls dancing in Chad
Chadian woman voting during the 2016 presidential election
Embassy of Chad in Washington, D.C.
A proportional representation of Chad exports, 2019
GDP per capita development of Chad, since 1950
Women in Mao, where water is provided by a water tower. Access to clean water is often a problem in Chad.
A Chadian tailor sells traditional dresses.
Criquets grillés ou fris

Hissène Habré was overthrown in turn in 1990 by his general Idriss Déby.

While many political parties participated in Chad's legislature, the National Assembly, power laid firmly in the hands of the Patriotic Salvation Movement during the presidency of Idriss Déby, whose rule was described as authoritarian.

In 2006 Déby won a third mandate in elections that the opposition boycotted.