2007–2008 Kenyan crisis

2007–08 Kenyan crisispost-election violence2007-2008 Kenyan crisis2007-08 Kenyan crisisviolenceviolent crisiscrisisKenyan crisispost-election crisis2007 Post-Election violence
The 2007–08 Kenyan crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after former President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007.wikipedia
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Raila Odinga

Raila Amolo OdingaRaila Amollo OdingaOdinga
Supporters of Kibaki's opponent, Raila Odinga of the Orange Democratic Movement, alleged electoral manipulation. Raila Odinga encouraged supporters to engage in mass protests which he announced on local television and radio stations, most noticeably in Mombasa, Eldoret, Kericho, Kisumu, Nakuru and parts of Nairobi.
Raila Amolo Odinga is a Kenyan politician who served as the Prime Minister of Kenya from 2008 to 2013 and Leader of the Opposition since 2013.

2007 Kenyan general election

20072007 Kenyan parliamentary election2007 general elections
The 2007–08 Kenyan crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after former President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007.
However, opposition leader Raila Odinga also claimed victory, and civil unrest broke out resulting in the deaths of several hundred people and the displacement of up to 600,000.

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
The 2007–08 Kenyan crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after former President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007.
Kibaki was re-elected in a highly contested political scene which was marked by political and ethnic violence.

Eldoret

Eldoret, KenyaEldoret KenyaEldoret Town
Raila Odinga encouraged supporters to engage in mass protests which he announced on local television and radio stations, most noticeably in Mombasa, Eldoret, Kericho, Kisumu, Nakuru and parts of Nairobi.
The city was significantly impacted by the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis when violence gripped Kenya in the aftermath of controversial presidential elections.

Mwai Kibaki

KibakiPresident KibakiEmilio Mwai Kibaki
The 2007–08 Kenyan crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after former President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007.
The tribes that lost the election were upset at the prospect of five years without political power, and anti-Kikuyu sentiment swelled, spawning the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis, as violence broke out in several places in the country, started by the ODM supporters protesting the "stealing" of their "victory", and subsequently escalating as the targeted Kikuyus retaliated.

Luo people

LuoLuo people of Kenya and TanzaniaJoluo
This prompted the Kikuyu to start defending themselves which forced the Luos and Kalenjins to stop the killings of the Kikuyus.
More than 1,000 people were killed in Kenya's election violence amongst the Kikuyu, Luo, and several other ethnic groups following the controversial December 2007 presidential election.

Uhuru Kenyatta

KenyattaUhuru Muigai KenyattaPresident Uhuru Kenyatta
KANU's Uhuru Kenyatta said that it might be possible for the two sides to work together, but that the ODM's position that Kibaki should resign before any talks took place was unacceptable, because then there would be "no government".
Accused by the International Criminal Court (ICC) of committing crimes against humanity in relation to the violent aftermath of the 2007 election, he resigned as Minister of Finance on 26 January 2012.

National Accord and Reconciliation Act 2008

National Accord and Reconciliation ActNational Accord and Reconciliation Act of 2008
On February 28, 2008, Kibaki and Odinga signed a power-sharing agreement called the National Accord and Reconciliation Act 2008, which established the office of the Prime Minister and created a coalition government.
The agreement was necessitated by the 2007-08 Kenyan crisis.

Kofi Annan

United Nations Information Technology Service (UNITeS)Kofi A. AnnanAnnan, Kofi
Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived in the country about a month after the election and successfully brought the two sides to the negotiating table.
Following the outbreak of violence during the 2007 Presidential elections in Kenya, the African Union established a Panel of Eminent African Personalities to assist in finding a peaceful solution to the crisis.

Kalonzo Musyoka

Stephen Kalonzo MusyokaKalonzo
The telex also noted that there was ‘evidence of rigging on both sides’ and Kivuitu said on January 2, that he had been pressured by PNU and ODM-K (Kibaki's and Kalonzo Musyoka's parties) into announcing the results without delay, and he claimed that he did not personally know who really won.
Amid a violent crisis over the results, with supporters of Kibaki and Odinga disputing the outcome, Kibaki appointed Musyoka as Vice-President and Minister of Home Affairs on 8 January 2008.

Musalia Mudavadi

Wycliffe Musalia Mudavadi
Musalia Mudavadi, a leading figure in the ODM, denounced Kibaki's announcement as being intended only to sabotage mediation with Kufuor.
A violent crisis developed, which eventually led to the signing of a power-sharing agreement between Kibaki and Odinga.

Martha Karua

Martha Wangari Karua
Odinga, in an interview with BBC's HARDtalk, responded to Justice Minister Martha Karua's earlier claim that the ODM had planned "ethnic cleansing" by saying that her accusation was "outrageous" and that the violence perpetrated by his supporters was a reaction to the actions of the police, who he said had been ordered to shoot "members of certain ethnic communities".
In an interview with BBC's HARDtalk in January 2008, Karua said, regarding the violent crisis that had developed over the election results, that while the government had anticipated that the opposition Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) of Raila Odinga might be "planning mayhem if they lost", it was surprised by "the magnitude" of it, calling the violence "ethnic cleansing".

Moses Wetangula

Moses Wetang'ulaMoses Masika wetangula
Foreign Minister Moses Wetangula, in reaction to criticism from the United Kingdom, summoned the UK's High Commissioner to complain, and he said that "our elections don't need a stamp of authority from the House of Commons".
In the Cabinet appointed by President Mwai Kibaki on 8 January 2008, in the midst of a crisis regarding the results of the concurrent presidential election, Wetangula was named Minister for Foreign Affairs.

William Ruto

William Samoei RutoDr. William RutoRuto
The ODM's William Ruto said that although there was progress, a solution had still not been reached, and he denied that a national unity government had been agreed upon; Mutula Kilonzo, a negotiator for the government, reported "excellent" progress.
Following the election and dispute over the result, Kenya was engulfed by a violent political crisis.

George Saitoti

Gorge SaitotiHon. Prof. George SaitotiProf. George Saitoti
On January 21, Minister of State for Internal Security George Saitoti warned against further protests, saying that they would only be "an opportunity for criminals to loot and commit other crimes" and that "illegal acts will be dealt with accordingly".
Saitoti retained the Internal Security docket even after President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga established the power-sharing government that ended the 2008 post-election crisis.

The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya

Truth, Justice and Reconciliation CommissionKenyathe truth, justice and reconciliation commission
He named four bills that the National Assembly needed to pass: the National Accord and Reconciliation Bill, a bill amending the constitution, a bill establishing the truth, justice and reconciliation commission, and a bill dealing with ethnic issues.
The 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis refers to a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after incumbent President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on 27 December 2007.

Ushahidi

SwiftRiver (software)
Ushahidi (Swahili for "testimony", closely related to shahidi which means "witness") created a website in the aftermath of Kenya's disputed 2007 presidential election that collected eyewitness reports of violence reported by email and text message and placed them on a Google Maps map.

Waki Commission

Commission of Inquiry into Post-Election ViolenceCommission of Inquiry on Post-Election Violencereport
The Waki Commission, officially The Commission of Inquiry on Post Election Violence (CIPEV), was an international commission of inquiry established by the Government of Kenya in February 2008 to investigate the clashes in Kenya following the disputed Kenyan presidential election of 2007.

Oluyemi Adeniji

Olu Adeniji
Annan left Kenya on March 2, leaving Oluyemi Adeniji, a former Nigerian Foreign Minister, to lead talks on remaining issues, such as land, political reforms, and the uneven distribution of wealth between various ethnic groups.
Beginning in early March 2008, Adeniji headed negotiations in Kenya related to that country's political crisis, following the departure of the previous head negotiator, Kofi Annan.

Mugabe Were

Melitus Mugabe Were
Mugabe Were, an ODM Member of Parliament, was shot and killed early on January 29, 2008.
Were had been a voice for moderation in Kenya's escalating political crisis, shuttling between leaders of different ethnic groups and organising a youth peace march just before he died.

Kriegler Commission

commissionIndependent Review CommissionIndependent Review Commission (IREC)
The commission carried out its mandate in the aftermath of the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis.

Wesley Ngetich Kimutai

Marathon runner Wesley Ngetich Kimutai died after he was shot with an arrow on January 19, in the Trans Mara District, becoming the second international athlete to lose his life.
Post-election violence in his home country forced him and 13 other runners to drop out of the January 2008 Rock 'n' Roll Arizona Marathon in Phoenix, Arizona.

Cyril Ramaphosa

Matamela Cyril RamaphosaRamaphosaPresident Cyril Ramaphosa
South Africa's Cyril Ramaphosa was unanimously chosen by Annan's team as chief mediator to lead long-term talks, but the government had concerns about Ramaphosa's involvement, saying that he and Odinga had business links.
In the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis, which followed the disputed re-election of President Mwai Kibaki in December 2007, Ramaphosa was unanimously chosen by the mediation team headed by Kofi Annan to be the chief mediator in charge of leading long-term talks.

Sabaot Land Defence Force

Sabaot Land Defense ForceSLDF
On 3, March 13, people were killed in an attack near Mount Elgon that was attributed by police to the Sabaot Land Defence Force.
Tensions between different ethnic groups were also manifested in the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis.

2013 Kenyan general election

20132013 general elections2013 elections
The UN had warned that a repeat of the problems could occur after the next election unless Kenya strengthens its institutions and the perpetrators of the 2007 violence are punished.
following the International Criminal Court investigation in Kenya as a result of the 2007–2008 post-election violence.