2010 United Kingdom general election

2010 general election20102010 election2010 UK general electiongeneral electionMay 2010 general electiongeneral election of 20102010 general electionsnext general electionUK general election
The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons.wikipedia
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Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The Conservative Party, led by David Cameron, won the largest number of votes and seats, but still fell 20 seats short. David Cameron became Conservative leader in December 2005, replacing Michael Howard.
It is currently the governing party, having been so since the 2010 general election, where a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats was formed.

2010 United Kingdom government formation

2010 coalition government2010 government formationformation
Coalition talks began immediately between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, and lasted for five days.
The events surrounding the formation of the United Kingdom's government in 2010 took place between 7 May and 12 May 2010, following the 2010 general election, which failed to produce an overall majority for any of the country's three main political parties.

Liberal Democrats (UK)

Liberal DemocratsLiberal DemocratLib Dem
Coalition talks began immediately between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, and lasted for five days. Nick Clegg was elected as leader of the Liberal Democrats in December 2007, succeeding Menzies Campbell who had replaced Charles Kennedy in January 2006.
At the 2010 general election, the Lib Dems led by Nick Clegg won 57 seats, making them the third-largest party in the House of Commons behind the Conservatives with 306 and Labour with 258.

David Cameron

CameronPrime MinisterPrime Minister David Cameron
The Conservative Party, led by David Cameron, won the largest number of votes and seats, but still fell 20 seats short. David Cameron became Conservative leader in December 2005, replacing Michael Howard.
The 2010 general election led to Cameron becoming Prime Minister as the head of a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats – the youngest holder of the office since the 1810s.

Gordon Brown

BrownJames Gordon BrownMr. Brown
To facilitate this, Gordon Brown announced on the evening of Monday 10 May that he would resign as Leader of the Labour Party.
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.

2010 United Kingdom general election debates

The First Election Debatetelevised debates2010 general election debates
During the campaign, the three main party leaders engaged in a series of televised debates, the first such debates in a UK general election campaign.
The United Kingdom general election debates of 2010 consisted of a series of three leaders' debates between the leaders of the three main parties contesting the 2010 United Kingdom general election: Gordon Brown, Prime Minister and leader of the Labour Party; David Cameron, Leader of the Opposition and Conservative Party; and Nick Clegg, leader of the third largest political party in the UK, the Liberal Democrats.

Cameron–Clegg coalition

coalition governmentCoalitionCameron ministry
The coalition government that was subsequently formed was the first coalition in British history to eventuate directly from an election outcome.
The previous Parliament had been dissolved on 12 April 2010 in advance of the general election on 6 May.

United Kingdom general election records

largest ever achieved in a British general electionholds the recordnational swing
The general election saw a 5.1% national swing from Labour to the Conservatives, the third-largest since 1945.
2010 General Election - 5.1% swing from Labour to Conservative

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The hung parliament came about in spite of the Conservatives managing both a higher vote total and higher share of the vote than the previous Labour government had done in 2005, when it secured a comfortable majority.
The Labour Party was most recently in government from 1997 to 2010 under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown during the "New Labour" era, first elected with a landslide majority of 179, reduced to 66 in the 2005 election.

List of MPs elected in the 2010 United Kingdom general election

MPs55th55th Parliament
The fifty-fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2010 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.

Nick Clegg

CleggNick Clegg MPCleggmania
The Liberal Democrats achieved a breakthrough in opinion polls after the first debate, in which their leader Nick Clegg was widely seen as the strongest performer. Nick Clegg was elected as leader of the Liberal Democrats in December 2007, succeeding Menzies Campbell who had replaced Charles Kennedy in January 2006.
As a result of the 2010 general election, Clegg's Liberal Democrats found themselves with 57 seats in the House of Commons.

Dwyfor Meirionnydd (UK Parliament constituency)

Dwyfor MeirionnyddDwyfor Meirionnydd CC (Westminster)Dwyfor Meirionnydd Westminster constituency
Following the recommendations of the Boundary Commission for Wales, the total number of seats remained at 40, although new seats caused by radical redrawing of boundaries in Clwyd and Gwynedd were fought for the first time: Arfon and Dwyfor Meirionnydd replaced Caernarfon and Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, respectively; Aberconwy replaced Conwy.
The seat was created by the Welsh Boundary Commission for the 2010 general election, and replaced the old north Wales seat of Meirionnydd Nant Conwy.

Coalition government

coalitioncoalition cabinetMajority (coalition)
Coalition talks began immediately between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, and lasted for five days.
The 2010 general election resulted in a hung parliament (Britain's first for 36 years), and the Conservatives, led by David Cameron, which had won the largest number of seats, formed a coalition with the Liberal Democrats in order to gain a parliamentary majority, ending 13 years of Labour government.

Caroline Lucas

1Caroline Lucas MPDr Caroline Lucas
The Green Party of England and Wales voted to have a position of leader for the first time; the first leadership election was won by Caroline Lucas, who successfully contested the constituency of Brighton Pavilion.
Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960) is a British politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brighton Pavilion since the 2010 general election, when she became the Green Party's first MP. She was re-elected in the 2015 and 2017 general elections with an increased majority.

Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition

TUSCTrade Union and Socialist CoalitionTrade Unionists and Socialists Against Cuts
In addition, a new loose coalition, Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition (TUSC), contested a general election for the first time.
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition (TUSC) is a socialist electoral alliance launched in Britain for the 2010 general election.

Nigel Farage

FarageNigel Farage MEPcrashed
In 2009, Nigel Farage announced his intention to resign as UKIP leader to focus on becoming an MP. Farage was replaced in an election by party members by Lord Pearson of Rannoch, whose stated intention was for the electoral support of UKIP to force a hung parliament.
He stepped down in November 2009 to concentrate on contesting Buckingham, the constituency of the Speaker, John Bercow, at the 2010 general election, coming third.

Charles Kennedy

Charles Kennedy MPCharlie KennedyKennedy
Nick Clegg was elected as leader of the Liberal Democrats in December 2007, succeeding Menzies Campbell who had replaced Charles Kennedy in January 2006.
After resigning as party leader, Kennedy remained in office as a backbench MP. After the 2010 general election he voted against Nick Clegg's decision to form a coalition with the Conservative Party.

Hung parliament

Hunghung assemblypolitical deadlock
This resulted in a hung parliament where no party was able to command a majority in the House of Commons.
The second was the May 2010 election, the result of which was a hung parliament with the Conservative party as the largest single party.

Michael Howard

The Lord Howard of LympneLord Howard of LympneMichael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne
David Cameron became Conservative leader in December 2005, replacing Michael Howard.
Howard did not contest his seat of Folkestone and Hythe in the 2010 General Election and entered the House of Lords as Baron Howard of Lympne.

Aberconwy (UK Parliament constituency)

Aberconwy AberconwyAberconwy CC
Following the recommendations of the Boundary Commission for Wales, the total number of seats remained at 40, although new seats caused by radical redrawing of boundaries in Clwyd and Gwynedd were fought for the first time: Arfon and Dwyfor Meirionnydd replaced Caernarfon and Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, respectively; Aberconwy replaced Conwy.
The seat was created by the Welsh Boundary Commission for the 2010 general election, and replaced the old north Wales seat of Conwy.

Conwy (UK Parliament constituency)

ConwyConwayConwy CC (Westminster)
Following the recommendations of the Boundary Commission for Wales, the total number of seats remained at 40, although new seats caused by radical redrawing of boundaries in Clwyd and Gwynedd were fought for the first time: Arfon and Dwyfor Meirionnydd replaced Caernarfon and Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, respectively; Aberconwy replaced Conwy.
The constituency was created for the 1950 general election, and abolished for the 2010 general election.

UK Independence Party

UKIPUnited Kingdom Independence Party UKIP
Smaller parties which had had successes at local elections and the 2009 European elections (UK Independence Party, Green Party, British National Party) looked to extend their representation to seats in the House of Commons.
In the 2010 general election, UKIP fielded 558 candidates and secured 3.1% of the vote (919,471 votes), but won no seats.

Arfon (UK Parliament constituency)

ArfonArfon constituencyArfon division of Caernarvonshire
Following the recommendations of the Boundary Commission for Wales, the total number of seats remained at 40, although new seats caused by radical redrawing of boundaries in Clwyd and Gwynedd were fought for the first time: Arfon and Dwyfor Meirionnydd replaced Caernarfon and Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, respectively; Aberconwy replaced Conwy.
This seat was created by the Welsh Boundary Commission in time for the 2010 general election, and replaced the old seat of Caernarfon.

Alliance Party of Northern Ireland

Alliance PartyAllianceAPNI
The Green Party of England and Wales won its first ever seat in the House of Commons, and the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland also gained its first elected member.
In general election in May 2010 the Alliance Party won their first House of Commons seat in a UK-wide general election, in the Belfast East constituency, unseating Peter Robinson, First Minister of Northern Ireland and leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).