2014–16 El Niño event

El Niñostrong El Niño2014-16 El Nino eventEl Niño event2014–162014–16 El Niñoduring the winter of 2015–16extremely strong El Niño eventsignificant El Niño event
The 2014–16 El Niño was a warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean that resulted in unusually warm waters developing between the coast of South America and the International Date Line.wikipedia
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El Niño

El NinoEl Nino-Southern OscillationEl Niño Southern Oscillation
The 1997–98 El Niño event was regarded as one of the strongest El Niño events in recorded history, which resulted in widespread drought, flooding and other natural disasters occurring across the globe.
Modern day research and reanalysis techniques have managed to find at least 26 El Niño events since 1900, with the 1982–83, 1997–98 and 2014–16 events among the strongest on record.

2015 Pacific typhoon season

2015annual typhoon season2015 season
After Typhoon Higos developed during February 2015, a new forecast scenario opened: El Niño might strengthen and persist through 2015.
Most of the 27 tropical cyclones affected Micronesia, because of the strong 2014–16 El Niño event.

2015–16 Australian region cyclone season

2015–1620163
As a result of this displacement and other factors such as a positive Indian Ocean Dipole, the 2015–16 Australian region cyclone season was the least active since reliable records started during 1950s, with only three named tropical cyclones developing in the region compared to an average of eleven.
Reasons for the low activity during the year included a positive Indian Ocean Dipole occurring and the 2014–16 El Niño event.

2015 Pacific hurricane season

2015112015: 16
Tropical Depression Nine-C subsequently formed in the Central Pacific on 31 December, whose remnants in turn contributed to the development of Hurricane Pali on 7 January.
The above-average activity during the season was attributed in part to the very strong 2014–16 El Niño event.

1997–98 El Niño event

1997–98similarly strong1997 North American winter storms
The 1997–98 El Niño event was regarded as one of the strongest El Niño events in recorded history, which resulted in widespread drought, flooding and other natural disasters occurring across the globe.
However, the 2015 season surpassed it with 21 tropical cyclones during the 2014–16 El Niño event.

Cyclone Pam

Pam2015's Cyclone PamSevere Tropical Cyclone Pam
Other significant tropical cyclones during the event included: Cyclone Pam, which became the second most intense tropical cyclone in the South Pacific in terms of wind speed and devastated Vanuatu; Cyclone Winston, was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Southern Hemisphere and devastated Fiji; Cyclone Fantala, which was the strongest storm in terms of 1-minute and 10-minute sustained winds in the South Indian Ocean; and Hurricane Patricia, which was the second-most-intense tropical cyclone on record globally in terms of barometric pressure, and the strongest in terms of 1-minute sustained winds.
During the opening days of March 2015, a major westerly wind burst occurred, which subsequently contributed to the development of the 2014-16 El Nino event and the development of two tropical cyclones near Kiribati on either side of the equator.

2015–16 North American winter

November 2015 United States ice storm2015–16 winter2015–2016
Ahead of the 2015–16 winter, it was hoped that the El Niño would bring some relief from five years of drought conditions that had occurred in California.
Contrary to the past two winters, the United States (including the Northeast) experienced warmer conditions, mainly due to a strong El Niño.

2014–17 Brazilian drought

2015 Brazilian drought2015 droughtdrought situation
In 2015, the Southeast Region of Brazil suffered the consequences of a severe drought (aggravated by El Niño), which led to above-average temperatures and a large decline in the level of several rivers and reservoirs; as a result, residents had to save water and cutoffs were made.
Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo still being affected by drought in 2016 due to the 2014–16 El Niño event.

2016 Kidapawan protests

a farmers' protest actionconducting a 3-day rallyprotest and a clash with police
Earlier, North Cotabato declared a state of calamity, and the provincial government's aid to the farmers suffering from the drought caused a protest and a clash with police in Kidapawan.
The protesters cited the drought caused by El Niño that has been affecting the region since November 2015 and the non-distribution of rice by the National Food Authority despite the declaration of a state of calamity by the local government unit.

Cyclone Fantala

Fantala
Other significant tropical cyclones during the event included: Cyclone Pam, which became the second most intense tropical cyclone in the South Pacific in terms of wind speed and devastated Vanuatu; Cyclone Winston, was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Southern Hemisphere and devastated Fiji; Cyclone Fantala, which was the strongest storm in terms of 1-minute and 10-minute sustained winds in the South Indian Ocean; and Hurricane Patricia, which was the second-most-intense tropical cyclone on record globally in terms of barometric pressure, and the strongest in terms of 1-minute sustained winds.
The storm was fueled by the powerful 2014–16 El Niño event, which also contributed to the record intensities of Hurricane Patricia in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, as well as Cyclone Pam and Cyclone Winston in the southern Pacific Ocean.

Maguindanao

Maguindanao Provincein the provinceMaguindanao Province, Philippines
In Maguindanao, many rice and corn fields were destroyed by the drought brought by El Niño, and soon, the provincial government declared a state of calamity in the province.
On February 2016, Maguindanao experienced the effects of the 2014–16 El Niño, causing destruction on rice and corn fields due to drought.

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
The 2014–16 El Niño was a warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean that resulted in unusually warm waters developing between the coast of South America and the International Date Line.

South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
The 2014–16 El Niño was a warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean that resulted in unusually warm waters developing between the coast of South America and the International Date Line.

Pacific decadal oscillation

Interdecadal Pacific oscillationPacific (inter-)decadal oscillationPDO
Afterwards the climate of the Pacific Ocean was dominated by a cool phase of the Pacific decadal oscillation, with three significant La Niña events occurring between 1998–2001, 2007–09 and 2010–12.

La Niña

La NinaEl Niño
Afterwards the climate of the Pacific Ocean was dominated by a cool phase of the Pacific decadal oscillation, with three significant La Niña events occurring between 1998–2001, 2007–09 and 2010–12.

2010–12 La Niña event

2010-12 La Niña event2010–12
Afterwards the climate of the Pacific Ocean was dominated by a cool phase of the Pacific decadal oscillation, with three significant La Niña events occurring between 1998–2001, 2007–09 and 2010–12.

Typhoon

typhoonsWestern PacificPacific typhoon
An intense burst of typhoon activity subsequently took place between September and November 2013, which was thought to possibly be a precursor signal to an impending change of the Pacific climate towards El Niño rather than La Niña.

2013 Pacific typhoon season

2013Typhoon Danas (2013)Sonamu
An intense burst of typhoon activity subsequently took place between September and November 2013, which was thought to possibly be a precursor signal to an impending change of the Pacific climate towards El Niño rather than La Niña.

World Meteorological Organization

WMOWorld Meteorological OrganisationESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee
During January 2014, after surveying various climate models, the World Meteorological Organization warned that there was an enhanced possibility of a weak El Niño event happening during 2014.

Micronesia

MicronesiansMicronesianFSM
Over the ocean, these features included: a rapid fall of the sea level in western Micronesia, as well as a large area of enhanced sea surface temperatures that were present at low latitudes near the International Date Line.

Sea surface temperature

sea surface temperatureswater temperaturesocean temperature
Over the ocean, these features included: a rapid fall of the sea level in western Micronesia, as well as a large area of enhanced sea surface temperatures that were present at low latitudes near the International Date Line.

Marshall Islands

MarshallsRepublic of the Marshall IslandsMarshall
In the atmosphere these features included persistent westerly winds at equatorial latitudes, which were displaced eastwards towards the Marshall Islands.

Atmospheric convection

convectionconvectiveconvective activity
A large area of atmospheric convection was present at a low latitude near the International Dateline, in association with the development of an unusual amount of early season tropical cyclones near the Marshall Islands.

International Date Line

International Datelinedate linedateline
The 2014–16 El Niño was a warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean that resulted in unusually warm waters developing between the coast of South America and the International Date Line. Over the ocean, these features included: a rapid fall of the sea level in western Micronesia, as well as a large area of enhanced sea surface temperatures that were present at low latitudes near the International Date Line. A large area of atmospheric convection was present at a low latitude near the International Dateline, in association with the development of an unusual amount of early season tropical cyclones near the Marshall Islands.

Tropical cyclone

hurricanetropical stormhurricanes
A large area of atmospheric convection was present at a low latitude near the International Dateline, in association with the development of an unusual amount of early season tropical cyclones near the Marshall Islands.