2017 United Kingdom general election

2017 general election20172017 UK general election2017 election2017 snap general electiongeneral election2017 snap election2017 general electionssnap general election8 June 2017
The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June 2017, having been called just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed in cabinet.wikipedia
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United Kingdom Parliament constituencies

constituencyparliamentary constituencyWestminster Parliament constituencies
Each of the 650 constituencies elects one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons.
Voting last took place in all 650 of those constituencies at the United Kingdom general election on 8 June 2017, and these results have been counted and verified.

Democratic Unionist Party

DUPDemocratic UnionistDemocratic Unionists
The governing Conservative Party remained the largest single party in the House of Commons but lost its majority, resulting in the formation of a minority government with a confidence-and-supply arrangement with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) of Northern Ireland. In Northern Ireland, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) won 10 seats, Sinn Féin won seven, and Independent Unionist Sylvia Hermon retained her seat.
Following the 2017 general election, the party agreed to support a Conservative minority government on a case-by-case basis on matters of mutual concern.

Theresa May

MayPrime Ministernew Prime Minister
The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June 2017, having been called just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed in cabinet. Under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 an election had not been due until May 2020, but a call by Prime Minister Theresa May for a snap election was ratified by the necessary two-thirds vote in a 522–13 vote in the House of Commons on 19 April 2017.
The following month, she announced a snap general election, with the aims of strengthening her hand in Brexit negotiations and highlighting her "strong and stable" leadership.

1997 United Kingdom general election

1997 general election19971997 election
In a surprising result, the Conservative Party made a net loss of 13 seats with 42.4% of the vote (its highest share of the vote since 1983), whereas Labour made a net gain of 30 seats with 40.0% (its highest vote share since 2001 and the first time the party had gained seats since 1997).
However, 1997 was the last general election in which Labour had a net gain of seats until the snap 2017 general election 20 years later.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The Conservative Party (which had governed as a senior coalition partner from 2010 and as a single-party majority government from 2015) was defending a working majority of 17 seats against the Labour Party, the official opposition led by Jeremy Corbyn.
Labour is currently the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2017 general election.

Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011

Fixed-term Parliaments ActFixed-term Parliament ActFixed-term Parliaments Bill
Under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 an election had not been due until May 2020, but a call by Prime Minister Theresa May for a snap election was ratified by the necessary two-thirds vote in a 522–13 vote in the House of Commons on 19 April 2017.
An early election was held in 2017, after Prime Minister Theresa May received approval by a two-thirds majority as provided in the Act.

Ulster Unionist Party

Ulster UnionistUUPUlster Unionist Council
The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) and Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) lost all their seats.
It is currently the fourth-largest party in Northern Ireland, having been overtaken in 2003 by the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and Sinn Féin, and in 2017 by the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP).

Brexit

United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Unionleave the European Unionleave
May said that she hoped to secure a larger majority to "strengthen [her] hand" in the forthcoming Brexit negotiations.
May called a snap general election in June 2017, which resulted in a Conservative minority government supported by the Democratic Unionist Party.

1970 United Kingdom general election

19701970 general election1970 election
This was the closest result between the two major parties since February 1974, and their highest combined vote share since 1970.
The 1970 general election was the last election prior to that of 1997 where the Labour Party received more than 40% of the popular vote, and also the last until the 2017 election where the third-largest party by number of votes (in this case the Liberals) achieved less than 10% of the vote.

Tim Farron

Tim Farron MPFarronTim '''Farron
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn supported the early election, as did Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron and the Green Party. Tim Farron became the Liberal Democrat leader in July 2015, following the resignation of Nick Clegg.
He announced his resignation on 14 June 2017 following the 2017 United Kingdom general election, remaining in his position until Vince Cable was elected on 20 July 2017.

Labour Party leadership of Jeremy Corbyn

Labour Party LeaderIncumbentleadership
The Conservative Party (which had governed as a senior coalition partner from 2010 and as a single-party majority government from 2015) was defending a working majority of 17 seats against the Labour Party, the official opposition led by Jeremy Corbyn.
At the snap 2017 general election, Labour increased their share of the popular vote to 40%, resulting in a gain of 32 seats, remaining the second largest, and resulting in a hung parliament, despite going into the election with much lower opinion polling results.

Ed Miliband

EdEd MillibandEd '''Miliband
Jeremy Corbyn replaced Ed Miliband as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition in September 2015, and was re-elected leader in September 2016.
Edward Samuel Miliband (born 24 December 1969) is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Doncaster North since 2005, being re-elected in 2010, 2015, and 2017.

Jeremy Corbyn

CorbynFionn McGorryCorbynist
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn supported the early election, as did Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron and the Green Party. Jeremy Corbyn replaced Ed Miliband as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition in September 2015, and was re-elected leader in September 2016.
In the 2017 general election, Labour increased its share of the vote to 40%, resulting in a net gain of 30 seats and a hung parliament, but the party remained in Opposition.

2017 United Kingdom local elections

2017 local elections2017 local council elections2017
Local elections in England, Scotland and Wales took place on 4 May.
The local elections were followed by a general election on 8 June.

Government of the United Kingdom

British GovernmentUK GovernmentGovernment
If one party obtains a majority of seats, then that party is entitled to form the Government, with its leader as Prime Minister.
The government is dependent on Parliament to make primary legislation, and since the Fixed-terms Parliaments Act 2011, general elections are held every five years to elect a new House of Commons, unless there is a successful vote of no confidence in the government or a two-thirds vote for a snap election (as was the case in 2017) in the House of Commons, in which case an election may be held sooner.

Caroline Lucas

Caroline Lucas MP1Dr Caroline Lucas
After securing 3.8% of the vote and one MP in the previous general election, Green Party leader Natalie Bennett was succeeded by joint leaders Caroline Lucas and Jonathan Bartley in September 2016.
She was re-elected in the 2015 and 2017 general elections with an increased majority.

Scottish National Party

SNPScottish National Party (SNP) SNP
The Scottish National Party (SNP) and the Liberal Democrats, the third- and fourth-largest parties, both lost vote share; media coverage characterised the result as a return to two-party politics.
At the 2017 United Kingdom general election the SNP underperformed compared to polling expectations, losing 21 seats to bring their number of Westminster MPs down to 35.

Sylvia Hermon

Sylvia, Lady HermonLady HermonLady Sylvia Hermon
In Northern Ireland, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) won 10 seats, Sinn Féin won seven, and Independent Unionist Sylvia Hermon retained her seat.
She was the only independent MP elected at the 2017 General Election.

George Galloway

George Galloway MPappearance by George Gallowaycontroversial appearance
The Respect Party, which had previously held seats, was dissolved in 2016; its former MP George Galloway stood and lost in the 2017 election as an independent in Manchester Gorton.
He stood as an independent for election to parliament in 2017, in the Manchester Gorton constituency, gaining 5.7% of the vote.

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Wales

40 Welsh seatsWelsh seats
The SNP contested all 59 Scottish seats and Plaid Cymru stood in all 40 Welsh seats.
After the General Election of June 2017 and a by-election in August 2019, 28 are represented by Labour MPs, 7 by Conservative MPs, 4 by Plaid Cymru MPs, and one by a Liberal Democrat MP.

Paul Nuttall

UKIP leader Paul Nuttall and First Minister of Wales Carwyn Jones criticised May for being opportunistic in the timing of the election, motivated by the then strong position of the Conservative Party in the opinion polls. UKIP, then led by Nigel Farage, who was later replaced by Diane James and then by Paul Nuttall in 2016, won 12.7% of the vote in 2015 but gained only one MP, Douglas Carswell, who left the party in March 2017 to sit as an independent.
He resigned as party leader after coming third in Boston and Skegness in the 2017 general election, with his party losing most of its electoral support.

Nick Clegg

Nicholas CleggSir Nick CleggClegg
Tim Farron became the Liberal Democrat leader in July 2015, following the resignation of Nick Clegg.
In the 2017 general election, Clegg was defeated in his constituency of Sheffield Hallam by Jared O'Mara of the Labour Party.

Social Democratic and Labour Party

SDLPSocial Democratic and Labour SDLP
The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) and Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) lost all their seats.
It has no elected representatives in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom having lost its three remaining Parliamentary seats in the 2017 general election.

Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)

Manchester GortonGortonManchester, Gorton
The Respect Party, which had previously held seats, was dissolved in 2016; its former MP George Galloway stood and lost in the 2017 election as an independent in Manchester Gorton.
Manchester Gorton is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Labour's Afzal Khan, who was elected at the 2017 general election.

Douglas Carswell

1John Douglas Wilson Carswell
UKIP, then led by Nigel Farage, who was later replaced by Diane James and then by Paul Nuttall in 2016, won 12.7% of the vote in 2015 but gained only one MP, Douglas Carswell, who left the party in March 2017 to sit as an independent.
He did not stand at the 2017 general election.