2019 United Kingdom general election

2019 general election2019 election2019 UK general election2019general electionnext general electionelection12 December 2019December 2019 general electionDecember general election
The 2019 United Kingdom general election is scheduled to be held on 12 December 2019.wikipedia
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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
Each parliamentary constituency of the United Kingdom elects one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons using the first-past-the-post voting system.
All 650 constituencies are currently vacant due to the dissolution of Parliament in relation to the 2019 United Kingdom general election.

Early Parliamentary General Election Act 2019

an actparticular Act of Parliament
It is to be held under the provisions of the Early Parliamentary General Election Act 2019, two and a half years after the previous general election in June 2017.
29)''' is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that made legal provision for the holding of the 2019 United Kingdom General Election on Thursday 12 December 2019.

Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies

periodically reviewed2011–13 boundary review2013 Review of constituencies in England
The Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, tasked by the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011 with reducing the number of constituencies to 600, proposed modified boundaries.
Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

Member of Parliament (United Kingdom)

Member of ParliamentMPMembers of Parliament
Each parliamentary constituency of the United Kingdom elects one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons using the first-past-the-post voting system.
However, with approval from Parliament, both the 2017 and 2019 general elections were held earlier than the schedule set by the Act.

The Independents (UK)

The IndependentsIndependent
Two MPs sat in a group called The Independents (which at its peak had five members), one MP created the Birkenhead Social Justice Party, while a further 20 MPs who began as Labour or Conservative ended the Parliament as unaffiliated independents.
When parliament was dissolved for the 2019 general election, three had left to join the Liberal Democrats and two remained.

Purdah (pre-election period)

purdahpre-election periodcampaigning rules
For the 8 June 2017 General Election, purdah began on 22 April, and for the 12 December 2019 General Election, purdah commenced on 6 November.

Elections in the United Kingdom

Englandregistered electorselections
Individuals must be registered to vote by midnight twelve working days before polling day.
It is also possible for a general election to be triggered by a separate Act of Parliament which bypasses the Fixed terms Parliament Act 2011, this happened in October 2019 when the Government led by Boris Johnson after three failed attempts to trigger an election though an early parliamentary election motion which requires a two-thirds majority support of MPs instead passed the Early Parliamentary General Election Act 2019 which allows the holding of the December 2019 election which simply required a majority of MPs to support and received Royal Assent on the 31 October 2019.

Minority government

minorityminority administrationminority cabinet
Both majority and minority governments are possible election outcomes.
For much of the Johnson Ministry up until the 2019 general election, the government was a minority government.

Change UK

The Independent GroupThe Independent Group for ChangeIndependent Group
In February 2019, eight Labour and three Conservative MPs resigned from their parties to sit together as The Independent Group.
Ahead of the 2019 general election, the party announced that the only seats they will contest will be Broxtowe, Ilford South, and Nottingham East, where Soubry, Gapes and Leslie, respectively, are seeking re-election.

Unite to Remain

The Liberal Democrats, Plaid Cymru and the Green Party of England and Wales agreed an electoral pact in some seats, Unite to Remain, but some commentators criticised the Liberal Democrats for not standing down in some Labour seats.
Unite to Remain is a campaign and electoral pact during the 2019 United Kingdom general election.

Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011

Fixed-term Parliaments ActFixed-term Parliament ActFixed-term Parliaments Bill
This date occurred despite the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (FTPA), which introduced fixed-term parliaments to the United Kingdom, with elections scheduled on the first Thursday in May of the fifth year after the previous general election.
As the Act requires scheduled elections to take place on the first Thursday in May, the date of the next general election after the 2017 election (assuming no earlier election were called) would have been 5 May 2022, meaning that the term would have been one month short of five years.

Liberal Democrats (UK)

Liberal DemocratsLiberal DemocratLib Dem
The Conservative Party have governed since the 2010 election, in coalition with the Liberal Democrats from 2010 to 2015.

Vince Cable

Sir Vince CableVincent CableDr Vincent Cable
They were led by Tim Farron at the 2017 election, before he was replaced by Vince Cable.
He subsequently announced his intention to retire from politics, and stood down as leader on 22 July 2019, upon the election of Jo Swinson; he will stand down from Parliament at 2019 general election.

Jewish Voice for Labour

The smaller Jewish Voice for Labour group, formed in 2017, released a statement accusing Rabbi Mirvis of making unfounded allegations against Corbyn, and noting his personal support of the Conservative Party.
JVL has defended former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, supported Jackie Walker as being a victim of a "vituperative campaign... based on this sliver of quasi-fact", deemed accusations of antisemitism against Moshé Machover as "ill founded", opposed and condemned the expulsion of Marc Wadsworth as being "punished in advance of investigation and hearing of the case", welcomed the lifting of Derby North MP Chris Williamson's suspension and called the National Executive Committee's ruling not to endorse him as a Labour candidate for the 2019 general election a "dangerous development for everyone who stands for justice for Palestinians and for democracy and freedom of expression in Britain, including within Labour."

Brexit Party

The Brexit PartyBrexitBREX
The Brexit Party are contesting somewhat under half the seats.
Farage offered an electoral pact to the Conservative Party for the 2019 general election, and although this was turned down, the party has decided not to stand candidates in constituencies won by Conservative candidates in the previous election.

1923 United Kingdom general election

19231923 general election1923 election
The 2019 election is due to be the first UK general election to be held in December since 1923, and was arranged at short notice in late October.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The Conservative Party and Labour Party have been the two biggest political parties, and have supplied every Prime Minister, since 1922.

North Down (UK Parliament constituency)

North DownDown NorthDown, North
The only independent elected to Parliament in 2017, Sylvia Hermon, represented North Down but is not standing in 2019.
Hermon represented the constituency on behalf of the Ulster Unionist Party until 2010, subsequently sitting as an independent; she is not contesting the seat at the 2019 United Kingdom general election.

Jewish Labour Movement

Poale Zion (Great Britain)British Poale ZionJewish Labour
The Jewish Labour Movement declared it would not generally campaign for Labour.
In October 2019, The Jewish Chronicle reported that the JLM's members will not campaign in support of Labour candidate Ross Houston in Finchley and Golders Green in the December 2019 general election as a show of solidarity with its previous Parliamentary Chair, Luciana Berger, who is standing for the Liberal Democrats in the seat.

Institute for Fiscal Studies

Institute of Fiscal StudiesIFSCentre for Microdata Methods and Practice
The Conservative manifesto was described as having "little in the way of changes to tax" by the IFS.
A week before the 2019 manifesto analysis was released, Economist John Weeks contending that while the institute had no links to political groups, it had an inherent bias in its judgement criteria that 'favour[ed] accounting balance over social outcome', claiming that an IFS's analysis cannot tell the public 'whether a policy is a good idea, only whether "the numbers add up"'.

Jonathan Bartley

The Green Party of England and Wales have been led by Jonathan Bartley and Siân Berry since 2018, with their counterparts the Scottish Green Party standing in Scottish seats.
He is the Green Party, and Unite to Remain, candidate for Dulwich and West Norwood at the 2019 general election, supported by the Liberal Democrats.

Luciana Berger

Berger, LucianaLuciana '''BergerLuciana Goldsmith
Luciana Clare Berger (born 13 May 1981) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who was the Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool Wavertree from 2010 to 2019.

Phillip Lee (politician)

Phillip LeeDr Phillip LeePhilip Lee
He is standing for the neighbouring Wokingham constituency in the 2019 general election.

Andrew Neil

Andrew NeillNeil, Andrew
In his leaders interview with Jeremy Corbyn, Andrew Neil dedicated the first third of the 30-minute programme entirely to discussion of Labour’s relationship with the Jewish community.
During the 2019 general election, Neil interviewed the leaders of the main political parties (except Conservative Party leader Boris Johnson, who refused to take part), again in The Andrew Neil Interviews.