2nd Army (German Empire)

2nd ArmySecond Army2 ArmeeGerman Second Army2nd2nd Armee2nd ArmiesGerman 2nd ArmySecond2. Armee
The 2nd Army (2. Armee / Armeeoberkommando 2 / A.O.K. 2) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the III Army Inspection.wikipedia
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Karl von Bülow

von BülowBulowBülow
Commanded by General Karl von Bülow, the 2nd Army's mission was to support the 1st Army's sweep around the left flank of the French Army and encircle Paris, bringing a rapid conclusion to the war.
Karl Wilhelm Paul von Bülow (24 March 1846 – 31 August 1921) was a German field marshal commanding the German 2nd Army during World War I from 1914 to 1915.

German Army (German Empire)

German ArmyImperial German ArmyArmy
Armee / Armeeoberkommando 2 / A.O.K. 2) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I.

Battle of Charleroi

CharleroiattackedHeavy fighting
The 2nd Army laid siege to, and took the Belgian fortresses around Namur, and fought General Charles Lanrezac's French 5th Army at the Battle of Charleroi on 23–24 August 1914 and again at St. Quentin on 29–30 August 1914.
The French had 15 divisions, after transfers of troops to Lorraine, facing 18 German divisions from the 2nd Army (General Karl von Bülow) and 3rd Army (Colonel-General Max von Hausen) moving south-west from Luxembourg towards the Meuse.

1st Army (German Empire)

1st Army1 Armee1st
Commanded by General Karl von Bülow, the 2nd Army's mission was to support the 1st Army's sweep around the left flank of the French Army and encircle Paris, bringing a rapid conclusion to the war.
2nd Army bore the brunt of the Allied attack in the Battle of the Somme.

Battle of the Somme

SommeSomme Offensivethe Somme
2nd Army bore the brunt of the Allied attack in the Battle of the Somme.
The first day on the Somme (1 July) saw a serious defeat for the German Second Army, which was forced out of its first position by the French Sixth Army, from Foucaucourt-en-Santerre south of the Somme to Maricourt on the north bank, and by the Fourth Army from Maricourt to the vicinity of the Albert–Bapaume road.

Battle of St. Quentin (1914)

Battle of GuiseBattle of St. QuentinSt. Quentin
The 2nd Army laid siege to, and took the Belgian fortresses around Namur, and fought General Charles Lanrezac's French 5th Army at the Battle of Charleroi on 23–24 August 1914 and again at St. Quentin on 29–30 August 1914.
The Germans captured orders from a French officer and General Karl von Bülow, commander of the German 2nd Army had time to prepare.

Fritz von Below

General von Belowvon Below
The former commander of 2nd Army, General der Infanterie Fritz von Below, took command of 1st Army and 2nd Army got a new commander General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz.
Below was elevated to command of the 2nd Army on 4 April 1915.

Charles Lanrezac

LanrezacGeneral Charles Lanrezacgénéral Lanrezac
The 2nd Army laid siege to, and took the Belgian fortresses around Namur, and fought General Charles Lanrezac's French 5th Army at the Battle of Charleroi on 23–24 August 1914 and again at St. Quentin on 29–30 August 1914.
On 20 August Gallwitz persuaded von Bulow (commander, German Second Army) to attack Lanrezac to pin down his army and prevent him marching to the relief of Namur.

Army Group Rupprecht of Bavaria

Heeresgruppe Kronprinz RupprechtArmy Group GallwitzArmy Group Gallwitz (1916)
At the end of the war it was serving as part of Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht.
At the start of the Battle of the Somme (July 1916), the German 2nd Army had grown to such an extent, that a decision was made to split it into two armies.

Max von Gallwitz

Gallwitz
The former commander of 2nd Army, General der Infanterie Fritz von Below, took command of 1st Army and 2nd Army got a new commander General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz.
He took over command of 2nd Army and of Heeresgruppe Gallwitz - Somme controlling 1st and 2nd Armies.

Schlieffen Plan

Belgian annexation policyGerman invasionplanned to quickly defeat France by sweeping through Belgium
The 2nd Army during World War I, fought on the Western Front and took part in the Schlieffen Plan offensive against France and Belgium in August 1914.
Some German territorial gains were reversed by the Franco-British counter-offensive against the 1st Army (Generaloberst Alexander von Kluck) and 2nd Army (Generaloberst Karl von Bülow), on the German right (western) flank, during the First Battle of the Marne (5–12 September).

IV Reserve Corps (German Empire)

IV Reserve Corps4thGerman IV Reserve Corps
The Corps was still in existence at the end of the war as part of the 2nd Army, Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht on the Western Front.

Georg von der Marwitz

Von der Marwitz
On 6 October 1916 he became adjutant to Kaiser Wilhelm II, a post that he left in December 1916 to take command of the Second Army on the Western Front.

Adolph von Carlowitz

von Carlowitz
He then took command of the 2nd Army, which fought against the Fourth British Army between Cambrai and Saint Quentin.

2nd Army (Wehrmacht)

2nd ArmySecond Army2nd
* 2nd Army (German Empire) for the equivalent formation in World War I

Field army

armyfield armiesarmies
Armee / Armeeoberkommando 2 / A.O.K. 2) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Armee / Armeeoberkommando 2 / A.O.K. 2) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. The 2nd Army during World War I, fought on the Western Front and took part in the Schlieffen Plan offensive against France and Belgium in August 1914.

Western Front (World War I)

Western FrontFranceFrance and Flanders 1914–18
The 2nd Army during World War I, fought on the Western Front and took part in the Schlieffen Plan offensive against France and Belgium in August 1914.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The 2nd Army during World War I, fought on the Western Front and took part in the Schlieffen Plan offensive against France and Belgium in August 1914.