31st Infantry Regiment (United States)

31st Infantry Regiment31st Infantry31st Infantry Regiments4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment31st Regimental Combat TeamShanghai Bowl2d Battle Group, 31st Infantry31st31st American Infantry Regiment3rd Battle Group, 31st Infantry
The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears" ) of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II. The unit is rare in that it was formed and has spent most of its life on non-American soil.wikipedia
171 Related Articles

Philippine Division

12th Infantry DivisionPhilippine Division (United States)12th Infantry
The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears" ) of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II.
All of the division's enlisted men, with the exception of the 31st Infantry Regiment, and various military police and headquarters troops, were Philippine Scouts.

22nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

22nd Infantry Regiment22nd Infantry22nd U.S. Infantry
The second organization to be called the 31st Infantry was consolidated with its sister regiment the 22nd Infantry (also formed out of the 13th) in an 1869 reorganization.
Reorganized and redesignated 21 September 1866 as the 31st Infantry Regiment.

13th Infantry Regiment (United States)

13th Infantry Regiment13th U.S. Infantry13th Infantry
The second was created from the 3rd Battalion of the 13th Infantry on 28 July 1866, in the reorganization of the U.S. Army following the American Civil War. The third organization called the 31st Infantry Regiment was formed at Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands on 13 August 1916 using cadre from the 8th, 13th, 15th, and 27th Infantry Regiments.
The 1st Battalion retained the designation of the 13th Infantry, while the 2nd Battalion became the 22nd Infantry and the 3rd Battalion the 31st Infantry.

Fort Bonifacio

Fort William McKinleyFort McKinleyBonifacio Global City
The third organization called the 31st Infantry Regiment was formed at Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands on 13 August 1916 using cadre from the 8th, 13th, 15th, and 27th Infantry Regiments.
In 1916, the 3rd Battalion of the 31st Infantry Regiment was formed here.

4th Marine Regiment

4th Marines4thFourth Marines
Reinforcing the 4th Marine Regiment and a predominantly British International Force, the 31st Infantry deployed hastily by sea to protect Shanghai's International Settlement.
By 4 February Marines had been reinforced by Marines from the Philippines, the Marine detachment of the and the United States Army 31st Infantry Regiment.

American Expeditionary Force, Siberia

American Expeditionary Force SiberiaAmerican Expeditionary ForceSiberia
During the Russian Revolution, on 13 August 1918, the 31st moved from Manila's tropics to the bitter cold of Siberia as part of the American Expeditionary Force Siberia.
The force included the U.S. Army's 27th and 31st Infantry Regiments, plus large numbers of volunteers from the 12th, 13th, and 62nd Infantry Regiments of the 8th Division, Graves' former division command.

Jack G. Hanson

By the war's end, the 31st Infantry had suffered many times its strength in losses and 5 of its members had earned the Medal of Honor, Jack G. Hanson (7 June 1951), Ralph E. Pomeroy (20 May 1951), Edward R. Schowalter, Jr. (14 October 1952) and Benjamin F. Wilson (5 June 1951).
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company F, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division

Ralph E. Pomeroy

By the war's end, the 31st Infantry had suffered many times its strength in losses and 5 of its members had earned the Medal of Honor, Jack G. Hanson (7 June 1951), Ralph E. Pomeroy (20 May 1951), Edward R. Schowalter, Jr. (14 October 1952) and Benjamin F. Wilson (5 June 1951).
Army, Company E, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division

7th Infantry Division (United States)

7th Infantry Division7th Division7th
In January 1946, General MacArthur restored his former guard of honor to active service at Seoul, Korea, assigning the 31st to the 7th Infantry Division.
To replace it, the 31st Infantry Regiment was assigned to the division.

Don C. Faith Jr.

Don C. FaithDon C. Faith, Jr.*Don C. Faith
COL MacLean and his successor, LTC Don C. Faith, were both killed during the ensuing battle.
The 31st Regimental Combat Team 31st RCT was part of the force that pushed north with the objective of reaching the Yalu River.

Post of Manila

In April 1920, the regiment returned to Fort McKinley and, in December, was moved to the Post of Manila.

Battle of Triangle Hill

Operation ShowdownBattle of ShangganlingJane Russell Hill
Names like Old Baldy, Pork Chop Hill, Triangle Hill, and OP Dale are among the war's most famous battles, all fought by the 31st Infantry and bought with its blood.
One battalion from the US 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division would take Triangle Hill from Gimhwa-eup, while one battalion from the ROK 32nd Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division would attack Sniper Ridge along a parallel northbound route.

Edward R. Schowalter Jr.

Edward R. Schowalter, Jr.
By the war's end, the 31st Infantry had suffered many times its strength in losses and 5 of its members had earned the Medal of Honor, Jack G. Hanson (7 June 1951), Ralph E. Pomeroy (20 May 1951), Edward R. Schowalter, Jr. (14 October 1952) and Benjamin F. Wilson (5 June 1951).
He was later promoted to first lieutenant and served in Korea with Company A, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division.

Battle of Pork Chop Hill

Pork Chop HillBattle of Porkchop HillPorkchop Hill
Names like Old Baldy, Pork Chop Hill, Triangle Hill, and OP Dale are among the war's most famous battles, all fought by the 31st Infantry and bought with its blood.
In a surprise night attack on 23 March 1953, a battalion of the PVA 423rd Regiment, 141st Division seized Old Baldy (Hill 266) an outpost near Pork Chop Hill and quickly overwhelmed B Company of the 31st Infantry's Colombian Battalion, commanded by Lt. Colonel Alberto Ruiz Novoa, during its relief in the Fifth Battle for Old Baldy.

Benjamin F. Wilson

By the war's end, the 31st Infantry had suffered many times its strength in losses and 5 of its members had earned the Medal of Honor, Jack G. Hanson (7 June 1951), Ralph E. Pomeroy (20 May 1951), Edward R. Schowalter, Jr. (14 October 1952) and Benjamin F. Wilson (5 June 1951).
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant (then M/Sgt.), U.S. Army Company I, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division

Young-Oak Kim

Col. Young Oak KimYoung Oak Kim
In Korea the Intelligence/Operations Officer was Young-Oak Kim, who was later promoted to command the 1st Battalion.
He was assigned to the 31st Infantry of the 7th Infantry Division in April 1951 as the intelligence officer, under Lieutenant General William J. McCaffrey, who scouted him.

63rd Infantry Division (United States)

63rd Infantry Division63rd Regional Support Command63rd Division
In 1959, the 3d Battle Group 31st Infantry was formed in the Army Reserve in southern California as part of the 63d Infantry Division.

Battle of South Saigon

recapture Saigon's suburbs
The 6th Battalion was sent to Vietnam in the spring of 1968, arriving just in time to help recapture Saigon's suburbs during the enemy's abortive May Offensive.
On the afternoon of 7 May, a composite company of the 3rd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment and part of the 6th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment, landed onto a dry rice paddy some 1.5km south of Cầu Mật.

Battle of Chosin Reservoir

Chosin ReservoirChosin Reservoir CampaignBattle of the Chosin Reservoir
The ensuing battle inflicted heavy casualties on the 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry, to the north of Sinhung-ni, while the 57th Field Artillery Battalion and the 3rd Battalion, 31st Infantry, were almost overrun at the Pyungnyuri Inlet.

May 2007 abduction of U.S. soldiers in Iraq

Alex Jimenezan attack on a US military post that cost the live of seven Americansattacked by insurgents in a pre-dawn raid
Five of those soldiers, all belonging to D/4-31, were killed on 12 May 2007 when their observation post was attacked by insurgents in a pre-dawn raid.
The U.S. 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division, arrived in Iraq in September 2006, had until May 2007 already lost 18 of its members killed in action, and was living in Iraq under hard conditions, when it was, in May 2007, charged with a military observation post outside Mahmudiyah in the notoriously dangerous area known as the Triangle of Death, south of Baghdad.

Siberian intervention

SiberiaSiberian ExpeditionAllied expeditionary force
The AEF Siberia included the U.S. Army's 27th and 31st Infantry Regiments, plus large numbers of volunteers from the 13th and 62nd Infantry Regiments along with a few from the 12th Infantry Regiment.

Battle of Bataan

Bataanfall of BataanBataan Peninsula
The U.S. Army's Philippine Division, made up of the 31st Infantry, the 45th Infantry (PS), and supporting units became the "Bataan Defense Force Reserve".

Walter Henry Gordon

Walter H. Gordon
He was then tasked with the organization and command of 31st Infantry Regiment at Fort William McKinley, Philippines and led this formation until the end of June 1917.

United States Army

U.S. ArmyUS ArmyArmy
The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears" ) of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II.

United States Army Forces in the Far East

USAFFEU.S. Army Forces Far EastU.S. Army Forces in the Far East
The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears" ) of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II.