37th United States Congress

Thirty-seventh37th37th CongressThirty-seventh CongressThirty-seventh Congresses37th U.S. CongressThirty-seventh United States CongressCongress37th Congresses37th U.S. House of Representatives
The Thirty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.wikipedia
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Crittenden–Johnson Resolution

Crittenden ResolutionCrittenden-Johnson Resolution
Following the July Federal defeat at First Manassas, the Crittenden Resolution asserted the reason for "the present deplorable civil war."
The Crittenden–Johnson Resolution (also called the Crittenden Resolution and the War Aims Resolution) was a measure passed almost unanimously by the 37th United States Congress on July 25, 1861.

Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act

Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act of 1862Morrill bill
The Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act (37th United States Congress, Sess.

Militia Act of 1862

Militia Act
The Militia Act of 1862, enacted July 17, 1862, was legislation enacted by the 37th United States Congress during the American Civil War that allowed African-Americans to participate as war laborers and soldiers for the first time since the Militia Act of 1792.

Anti-Coolie Act

Anti-Coolie Act of 18621862 act prohibiting coolie tradeThe Full Text of the Act
On February 19, 1862, the 37th United States Congress passed An Act to Prohibit the "Coolie Trade" by American Citizens in American Vessels. The act, which would be called the Anti-Coolie Act of 1862 in short, was passed by the California legislature in an attempt to appease rising anger among white laborers about salary competition created by the influx of Chinese immigrants at the height of the California gold rush.

Galusha A. Grow

Galusha GrowGalusha Aaron Grow
* Speaker: Galusha A. Grow (R)
Elected speaker for the 37th Congress, Grow presided over the House during the initial years of the American Civil War.

Restored Government of Virginia

Reorganized Government of VirginiaRestored GovernmentUnionist government
Its Congressional delegation in the 37th United States Congress was entirely made up of Unconditional Unionists.

Habeas Corpus Suspension Act (1863)

Habeas Corpus Suspension ActHabeas Corpus Suspension Act 1863Habeas Corpus Suspension Act of 1863
When the Thirty-seventh Congress of the United States opened its third session in December 1862, Representative Thaddeus Stevens introduced a bill "to indemnify the President and other persons for suspending the writ of habeas corpus, and acts done in pursuance thereof" (H.R. 591).

Confiscation Acts

Confiscation ActconfiscatedConfiscation Act in July
An additional Confiscation Act in July declared free all slaves held by citizens in rebellion, but it had no practical effect without addressing where the act would take effect, or how ownership was to be proved.
"In the first summer of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln called the Thirty-seventh United States Congress into special session on July 4, 1861. On August 6, the last day of this short first session, Congress passed and Lincoln signed the First Confiscation Act. This law authorized the federal government to seize the property of all those participating directly in rebellion. Enacted in the wake of the first battle of Bull Run, this hurriedly passed law did not break much new ground. It was essentially a restatement of internationally recognized laws of war and authorized the seizure of any property, including slave property, used by the Confederacy to directly aid the war effort."

James W. Grimes

James GrimesJames Wilson Grimes
In the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia (in the 37th and 38th Congresses), and the Committee on Naval Affairs (in the 39th through 41st Congresses).

Charles B. Mitchel

Charles Burton Mitchel
He graduated from the University of Nashville, in 1833, and from the Jefferson Medical College in 1836; moved to Washington, Arkansas, and practiced medicine for 25 years; member, Arkansas House of Representatives in 1848; receiver of public moneys, from 1853 to 1856; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1860 to the 37th United States Congress; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate, and served from March 4, 1861, until July 11, 1861, when he was expelled for support of the rebellion; elected to the Confederate States Senate at the first session of the Arkansas General Assembly and served until his death, September 20, 1864, in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Jesse D. Bright

Jesse BrightJesse David Bright
In the beginning of 1862, the Senate of the 37th Congress, which was composed of twenty-nine Republicans and ten Democrats, voted to expel him for acknowledging Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederate States and for facilitating the sale of arms to the Confederacy.

Frederick Low

Frederick F. LowLowFrederick Ferdinand Low
Low presented credentials as a Republican Member-elect to the 37th Congress but was not permitted to take his seat until a special act of Congress was passed.

William Vandever

Vandever, WilliamWm. Vandever
In 1858 he was elected as a Republican to represent Iowa's 2nd congressional district in the Thirty-sixth Congress, and was re-elected in 1860 to represent it in the Thirty-seventh Congress.

Presidency of Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln AdministrationpresidencyAbraham Lincoln
It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1861, to March 4, 1863, during the first two years of Abraham Lincoln's presidency.
The 37th Congress, which met from 1861 to 1863, passed 428 public acts, more than double the number of the 27th Congress, which had previously held the record for most public acts passed.

Aaron A. Sargent

Aaron Augustus SargentSenator Aaron A. SargentAaron Sargent
Sargent was elected as a Republican to the 37th Congress; skipped several terms and was reelected to the 41st and 42nd Congresses.

William H. Wadsworth

William Henry Wadsworth
Wadsworth was elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-seventh and Thirty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1865).

George Helm Yeaman

George H. YeamanGeorge Yeaman
Yeaman was elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James S. Jackson.

James Carroll Robinson

James C. RobinsonJames Robinson
Robinson was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-sixth, Thirty-seventh, and Thirty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1865).

William Alexander Richardson

William A. RichardsonWilliam Richardson
He then came back to Washington D.C. as a member of the 37th Congress in 1861.

Morton S. Wilkinson

WilkinsonWilkinson, Morton Smith
He served in the United States Senate from March 4, 1859 to March 3, 1865, as a Republican from Minnesota, in the 36th, 37th and 38th congresses, but was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection.

William P. Fessenden

William Pitt FessendenWilliam FessendenFessenden
He served as chairman of the Finance Committee during the 37th through 39th Congresses (from 1861 to 1867), which led to his Cabinet appointment.

Michael Hahn

Hahn was one of two Louisiana Representatives seated in the 37th Congress, which adjourned on March 4, 1863, during the Civil War.

James F. Wilson

James Falconer Wilson
After completing Curtis's term in the Thirty-seventh Congress, he was re-elected three times, serving in the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses.