390th Rifle Division

390th390th Armenian Rifle Division390th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)390th Rifle Divisions
The 390th Rifle Division (390-я стрелковая дивизия) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II. It was formed twice, first in August 1941, and after its destruction in 1942, re-formed in 1944.wikipedia
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51st Army (Russia)

51st Army51st51st Army (Soviet Union)
The division landed in eastern Crimea as part of the 51st Army during the Kerch–Feodosiya landing operation, which occurred in late-December 1941 and set off the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula. On 23 November, it joined the 51st Army, and by early December the division command post was located at Taman on the coast of the Kerch Strait.
On 1 February 1942, 51st Army comprised the 138th and 302nd Mountain Rifle Divisions, the 224th, 390th, and 396th Rifle Divisions, the 12th Rifle Brigade, 83rd Naval Infantry Brigade, 105th Separate Mountain Rifle Regiment, 55th Tank Brigade, 229th Separate Tank Battalion, artillery units, and other support units.

Hmayak Babayan

Hmayak G. Babayan
Colonel Ivan Lyudnikov took command on 1 April, and seventeen days later was replaced by Colonel Hmayak Babayan.
After recovering, he took command of the 390th Rifle Division, fighting in Crimea, which was destroyed in May 1942.

Battle of the Kerch Peninsula

Operation ''TrappenjagdOperation Bustard HuntOperation Trappenjagd
The division landed in eastern Crimea as part of the 51st Army during the Kerch–Feodosiya landing operation, which occurred in late-December 1941 and set off the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula. In December 1941 and January 1942, the division and the rest of the 51st Army fought in the Kerch–Feodosiya landing operation, which began the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, an attempt to relieve the trapped Soviet garrison at Sevastopol.
Kozlov's third drive on Koi-Asan began after a week of replacements, restocking and reinforcements; it was a smaller operation conducted by the 390th Rifle Division and 143rd Rifle Brigade of the 51st Army, supported by two T-26 companies, six KVs, and three T-34s from the 39th and 40th Tank Brigades and the 229th Separate Tank Battalion.

Ivan Lyudnikov

Ivan Ilich LyudnikovI. I. LiudnikovLyudnikov I.I.
Colonel Ivan Lyudnikov took command on 1 April, and seventeen days later was replaced by Colonel Hmayak Babayan.
From 26 March 1942, Lyudnikov was assigned command of several divisions: the 218th Rifle Division of the North Caucasus Military District, and the 404th Rifle Division, the 390th Armenian Rifle Division and the 63rd Mountain Rifle Division of the 44th Army.

5th Rifle Corps

5th Separate Rifle Corps
The division advanced as part of the 5th Separate Rifle Corps (an independent unit reporting directly to the front command) on the left of the 15th Army, with the objective of taking the towns of Raohe, Baoqing, and Boli in eastern Manchukuo, a Japanese puppet state in Manchuria in northeast China.
In April 1945, the corps was directly subordinated to the front headquarters, including the 35th and 390th Rifle Divisions in its structure; the 66th Division remained with the 35th Army.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The 390th Rifle Division (390-я стрелковая дивизия) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.

Red Army

Soviet Red ArmySoviet ArmySoviet
The 390th Rifle Division (390-я стрелковая дивизия) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The 390th Rifle Division (390-я стрелковая дивизия) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.

Crimea

Crimean PeninsulaCrimeanAutonomous Republic of Crimea
The division landed in eastern Crimea as part of the 51st Army during the Kerch–Feodosiya landing operation, which occurred in late-December 1941 and set off the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula.

Sevastopol

SebastopolSevastapolSevastopol, Ukraine
The landing operation sought to relieve Soviet forces trapped in Sevastopol in southwestern Crimea, but a German counterattack in mid-January forced the Soviets, including the 390th division, to retreat eastward; they eventually were cornered in the Kerch Peninsula.

Far Eastern Front

1st Far East Front1st Far Eastern FrontSoviet Far East Front
The division was reformed in the Far East in November 1944 and fought in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria before being disbanded postwar in late 1945.

Transcaucasian Front

Transcaucasus FrontTranscaucasianTranscaucasus
The division began formation as part of the Transcaucasian Front on 19 August 1941, under the command of Colonel Ivan Vinogradov at Makharadze.

Ozurgeti

MakharadzeOzurgeti ოზურგეთი
The division began formation as part of the Transcaucasian Front on 19 August 1941, under the command of Colonel Ivan Vinogradov at Makharadze.

Political commissar

political officerpolitrukcommissar
The enlisted personnel of the 390th were mostly Armenian and Azerbaijani peasants, while junior and political officer s were Russian and Georgian.

Taman, Russia

Tamanport of TamanPort Taman
On 23 November, it joined the 51st Army, and by early December the division command post was located at Taman on the coast of the Kerch Strait.

Kerch Strait

Strait of KerchCimmerian BosporusKerch Straits
On 23 November, it joined the 51st Army, and by early December the division command post was located at Taman on the coast of the Kerch Strait.

Siege of Sevastopol (1941–1942)

Siege of SevastopolSevastopolBattle of Sevastopol
In December 1941 and January 1942, the division and the rest of the 51st Army fought in the Kerch–Feodosiya landing operation, which began the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, an attempt to relieve the trapped Soviet garrison at Sevastopol.

44th Army (Soviet Union)

44th Army44th44th Soviet Army
After the 44th Army finished landing on 31 December, the 51st Army began crossing over the frozen Kerch Strait.

Feodosia

FeodosiyaCaffaKaffa
However, the attack forced the 44th Army to retreat and Feodosiya was recaptured by the German troops.

Isthmus of Ak-Monay

The 51st Army slowly gave ground over the next two days and by 18 January was holding a line along the Isthmus of Ak-Monay in conjunction with the 44th Army.

22nd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

22nd Panzer Division22nd Panzer DivisionsGerman 22nd Panzer Division
On 20 March, the Germans counterattacked with the 22nd Panzer Division, which had recently arrived in Crimea, and took the Soviet defenses by surprise in the early morning fog.

Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic

Armenian SSRSoviet ArmeniaArmenia
In late April the Chairman of the Presidium of the Armenian SSR Supreme Soviet, Matsak Papian, presented the division with a battle flag.

Crimean Front

Crimean
Around this time, at the insistence of the Crimean Front commissar Lev Mekhlis, all troops were concentrated into one single defensive line with few reserves.

Commissar

People's Commissarcommissarsmilitary commissar
Around this time, at the insistence of the Crimean Front commissar Lev Mekhlis, all troops were concentrated into one single defensive line with few reserves.

Lev Mekhlis

L. Z. MekhlisLev Z. MehlisMekhlis
Around this time, at the insistence of the Crimean Front commissar Lev Mekhlis, all troops were concentrated into one single defensive line with few reserves.