3rd Division (United Kingdom)

3rd Division3rd Infantry Division3rd Armoured Division3rd3rd Mechanised DivisionBritish 3rd Infantry Division3rd (UK) Division3rd (United Kingdom) Division3rd British Infantry Division3rd (UK) Mechanised Division
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division is a regular army division of the British Army.wikipedia
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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps1st Army CorpsBritish I Corps
In 1902 the army was restructured, and a 3rd Infantry division was established permanently at Bordon as part of the 1st Army Corps, comprising the 5th and 6th Infantry Brigades.
3rd (British) Division (Anglo-Hanoverian)

Anglo-Portuguese Army

Anglo-PortugueseAnglo-Portuguese forcesAllied army
It was created in 1809 by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army, for service in the Peninsular War, and was known as the Fighting 3rd under Sir Thomas Picton during the Napoleonic Wars.

Hubert Hamilton

HamiltonHubert Ion Wetherall HamiltonGeneral Hubert Hamilton
Its first commander during the war, Major-General Hubert Hamilton, was killed by shellfire near Béthune in October 1914.
Major General Hubert Ion Wetherall Hamilton, CB, CVO, DSO (27 June 1861 – 14 October 1914) was a senior British general who served with distinction throughout his career, seeing battle in the Mahdist War in Egypt and the Second Boer War in South Africa, before being given command of the British Third Division at the outbreak of the First World War.

Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
The division fought at the Battle of Waterloo, as well as during the Crimean War and the Second Boer War.
In South Africa the corps never operated as such and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd divisions were widely dispersed.

Battle of Orthez

OrthezOrthesBattles of Orthez
After that it fought at the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 and the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814.
Wellington's army consisted of the 1st Division under Kenneth Howard (6,898 men), 2nd Division commanded by William Stewart (7,780 men), 3rd Division led by Thomas Picton (6,626 men), 4th Division directed by Lowry Cole (5,952 men), 5th Division under Andrew Hay (4,553 men), 6th Division commanded by Henry Clinton (5,571 men), 7th Division led by George Townshend Walker (5,643 men), Light Division under Charles Alten (3,480 men), Portuguese Division directed by Carlos Lecor (4,465 men) and Spanish Division led by Morillo (4,924 men).

Battle of Salamanca

SalamancaArapilesSalamanca (Battle of)
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
The infantry divisions were Henry Frederick Campbell's 1st (6,200), Edward Pakenham's 3rd (5,800), Lowry Cole's 4th (5,191), James Leith's 5th (6,700), Henry Clinton's 6th (5,500), John Hope's 7th (5,100) and Charles Alten's Light (3,500).

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 3rd Division were sent to Kabul to assist in the liberation of the capital and defeat Taliban forces in the mountains.

Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro

Fuentes de OnoroFuentes de OñoroFuentes d'Onor
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
Brent Spencer commanded the 1st Division, Thomas Picton the 3rd, William Houston the 7th, and Robert Craufurd the Light Division.

Battle for Caen

CaenBattle of Caenbitter fighting
After D-Day the 3rd Infantry Division fought through the Battle for Caen, in Operation Charnwood and Operation Goodwood.
The British 3rd Infantry Division was to seize Caen on D-Day or to dig in short of the city if the Germans prevented its capture, masking Caen temporarily to maintain the Allied threat against it and thwart the possibility of a German counter-attack from the city.

Battle of Mons

Monsretreat from MonsBattle of
The division served in many major battles of the war, including the Battle of Mons and the subsequent Great Retreat, and later the First Battle of Ypres.
II Corps was commanded by Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien and consisted of the 3rd and 5th Divisions.

185th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

185th Infantry Brigade185th Brigade185 Brigade
By early 1943, the experiment with 'mixed' divisions was abandoned, and division reverted to being an infantry formation, 33rd Tank Brigade being replaced by 185th Infantry Brigade.
The 185th Infantry Brigade (185 Bde) was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army raised during the Second World War that participated in the Normandy landings of 6 June 1944, fighting in the Normandy Campaign and the subsequent campaign in North-West Europe with the 3rd British Infantry Division.

7th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters East

7th Infantry Brigade7th Brigade7th Guards Brigade
Then, in September 1941, the 7th Guards Brigade was transferred to help create the Guards Armoured Division, and, in November, the 37th Infantry Brigade Group joined the 3rd Division and was renumbered 7th Brigade with the following composition: The brigade anti-tank companies were disbanded during 1941 and 92nd (Loyals) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, formerly the 7th Battalion, Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire), joined the division in March 1942.
Post-war, the brigade was reformed in January 1906 as part of the 4th Division, before joining the 3rd Division in Southern Command in 1907.

Southern Command (United Kingdom)

Southern CommandSouth-West DistrictSouthern District
After the end of the First World War, the division was stationed in southern England where it formed part of Southern Command.
In 1939 regular troops reporting to Southern Command included 1st Armoured Division, based at Andover, and 3rd Infantry Division, based at Bulford.

Battle of Bussaco

BusacoBussacoBuçaco
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
the 3rd under MG Thomas Picton, with attached Portuguese brigade

British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
There the division became part of Lieutenant General Alan Brooke's II Corps of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).
On 3 October, I Corps with the 1st Infantry Division and 2nd Infantry Division began to take over the front line allocated to the BEF and II Corps with the 3rd Infantry Division and 4th Infantry Division followed on 12 October; the 5th Infantry Division arrived in December.

Operation Charnwood

CharnwoodOperation ''CharnwoodBombing of Caen
After D-Day the 3rd Infantry Division fought through the Battle for Caen, in Operation Charnwood and Operation Goodwood.
By the end of the day the 3rd Canadian Division and the British 3rd Infantry Division and 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division had cleared the villages in their path and reached the outskirts of the city.

Thomas Picton

PictonSir Thomas PictonGeneral Picton
It was created in 1809 by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army, for service in the Peninsular War, and was known as the Fighting 3rd under Sir Thomas Picton during the Napoleonic Wars.
At Badajoz, a month later, the successful storming of the fortress was due to his daring self-reliance and penetration in converting the secondary attack on the castle, delivered by the 3rd Division, into a real one.

Operation Goodwood

GoodwoodBourguébus Ridgeadvancing towards Vire
After D-Day the 3rd Infantry Division fought through the Battle for Caen, in Operation Charnwood and Operation Goodwood.
The historic Normandy town of Caen was a D-Day objective for the British 3rd Infantry Division, which landed on Sword Beach on 6 June 1944.

Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke

Alan BrookeSir Alan BrookeLord Alanbrooke
There the division became part of Lieutenant General Alan Brooke's II Corps of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).
Following the outbreak of the Second World War, in September 1939, Brooke commanded II Corps in the British Expeditionary Force (BEF)—which included in its subordinate formations the 3rd Infantry Division, commanded by the then Major General Bernard Montgomery, as well as Major General Dudley Johnson's 4th Infantry Division.

Reconnaissance Corps

Reconnaissance Regiment46th Battalion56th Reconnaissance Regiment
For over a year after Dunkirk the composition of 3rd Division remained largely unchanged (except that the motorcycle battalion was converted into 3rd (RNF) Reconnaissance Regiment, Reconnaissance Corps).
3rd (Royal Northumberland Fusiliers) Reconnaissance Regiment formed April 1941 in the 3rd Division, from the 8th Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers.

Normandy landings

D-DayD-Day landingsNormandy
During the Second World War, the division (now known as the 3rd Infantry Division) fought in the Battle of France including a rearguard action during the Dunkirk Evacuation, and played a prominent role in the D-Day landings of 6 June 1944. The 3rd British Infantry Division was the first British formation to land at Sword Beach on D-Day, 6 June 1944, as part of the invasion of Normandy, part of the larger Operation Overlord.
3rd Infantry Division: Major General Tom Rennie

Invasion of Normandy

NormandyNormandy invasionBattle of Normandy
The 3rd British Infantry Division was the first British formation to land at Sword Beach on D-Day, 6 June 1944, as part of the invasion of Normandy, part of the larger Operation Overlord.
British I Corps, 3rd British Infantry Division and the British 27th Armoured Brigade.

Battle of Nivelle

Nivellethe NivelleNivelle (Battle of)
It then pursued the French army into France and saw action at the Battle of the Pyrenees in July 1813, the Battle of Nivelle in November 1813 and the Battle of the Nive in December 1813.
Beresford would lead the main Allied attack against the French centre with the 3rd, 4th, 7th and Light Divisions, while on the British right (attacking the French left ) Hill would attack with the 2nd and 6th Divisions, supported by Morillo's Spaniards and Hamilton's Portuguese.

92nd (Loyals) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

92nd (Loyals)92nd (Loyals) LAA Rgt92nd (Loyals) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment
Then, in September 1941, the 7th Guards Brigade was transferred to help create the Guards Armoured Division, and, in November, the 37th Infantry Brigade Group joined the 3rd Division and was renumbered 7th Brigade with the following composition: The brigade anti-tank companies were disbanded during 1941 and 92nd (Loyals) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, formerly the 7th Battalion, Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire), joined the division in March 1942.
On 24 March 1942, 92nd LAA joined 3rd Division, with which it would serve until the end of the war.

Battle of El Bodón

El Bodónaffair at El BodónBodon
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
About 3 mi to the east of that location was the village of El Bodón, which was occupied by the Third Division, under Sir Thomas Picton.