3rd Division (United Kingdom)

3rd Division3rd Infantry Division3rd Armoured Division3rd3rd Mechanised DivisionBritish 3rd Infantry Division3rd (UK) Division3rd (United Kingdom) Division3rd British Infantry Division3rd (UK) Mechanised Division
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division is a regular army division of the British Army.wikipedia
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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps1st Army CorpsBritish I Corps
In 1902 the army was restructured, and a 3rd Infantry division was established permanently at Bordon as part of the 1st Army Corps, comprising the 5th and 6th Infantry Brigades.
3rd (British) Division (Anglo-Hanoverian)

Thomas Brisbane

Governor BrisbaneSir Thomas BrisbaneBrisbane
He saw much action during the Peninsular War, including leading a brigade in the 3rd Division that broke through at the Battle of Vitoria.

Hubert Hamilton

HamiltonHubert Ion Wetherall HamiltonGeneral Hubert Hamilton
Its first commander during the war, Major-General Hubert Hamilton, was killed by shellfire near Béthune in October 1914.
Major General Hubert Ion Wetherall Hamilton, CB, CVO, DSO (27 June 1861 – 14 October 1914) was a senior British general who served with distinction throughout his career, seeing battle in the Mahdist War in Egypt and the Second Boer War in South Africa, before being given command of the British Third Division at the outbreak of the First World War.

8th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

8th Infantry Brigade8th Brigade8 Infantry Brigade
It was formed before the First World War as part of the 3rd Division.

Anglo-Portuguese Army

Anglo-PortugueseAnglo-Portuguese forcesAllied army
It was created in 1809 by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army, for service in the Peninsular War, and was known as the Fighting 3rd under Sir Thomas Picton during the Napoleonic Wars.

Battle of Orthez

OrthezOrthesBattles of Orthez
After that it fought at the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 and the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814.
Wellington's army consisted of the 1st Division under Kenneth Howard (6,898 men), 2nd Division commanded by William Stewart (7,780 men), 3rd Division led by Thomas Picton (6,626 men), 4th Division directed by Lowry Cole (5,952 men), 5th Division under Andrew Hay (4,553 men), 6th Division commanded by Henry Clinton (5,571 men), 7th Division led by George Townshend Walker (5,643 men), Light Division under Charles Alten (3,480 men), Portuguese Division directed by Carlos Lecor (4,465 men) and Spanish Division led by Morillo (4,924 men).

Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
The division fought at the Battle of Waterloo, as well as during the Crimean War and the Second Boer War.
In South Africa the corps never operated as such and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd divisions were widely dispersed.

Battle of Salamanca

SalamancaArapilesSalamanca (Battle of)
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
The infantry divisions were Henry Frederick Campbell's 1st (6,200), Edward Pakenham's 3rd (5,800), Lowry Cole's 4th (5,191), James Leith's 5th (6,700), Henry Clinton's 6th (5,500), John Hope's 7th (5,100) and Charles Alten's Light (3,500).

7th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters East

7th Infantry Brigade7th Brigade7th Guards Brigade
Then, in September 1941, the 7th Guards Brigade was transferred to help create the Guards Armoured Division, and, in November, the 37th Infantry Brigade Group joined the 3rd Division and was renumbered 7th Brigade with the following composition: The brigade anti-tank companies were disbanded during 1941 and 92nd (Loyals) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, formerly the 7th Battalion, Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire), joined the division in March 1942.
Post-war, the brigade was reformed in January 1906 as part of the 4th Division, before joining the 3rd Division in Southern Command in 1907.

15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars

15th/19th Hussars15/19 Hussars15th/19th King's Royal Hussars
At the outbreak of the Second World War, the regiment was based at York, serving as the divisional reconnaissance regiment for the 3rd Infantry Division.

Battle for Caen

CaenBattle of Caenbitter fighting
After D-Day the 3rd Infantry Division fought through the Battle for Caen, in Operation Charnwood and Operation Goodwood.
The British 3rd Infantry Division was to seize Caen on D-Day or to dig in short of the city if the Germans prevented its capture, masking Caen temporarily to maintain the Allied threat against it and thwart the possibility of a German counter-attack from the city.

South Lancashire Regiment

Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment)South LancashiresThe Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire)
The 2nd Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 7th Brigade in the 3rd Division in August 1914 and spent the entire war on the Western Front.

Worcestershire Regiment

The Worcestershire RegimentWorcestersWorcester
The 3rd Battalion landed at Rouen as part of the 7th Brigade in the 3rd Division in August 1914 also for service on the Western Front.

Battle of Mons

Monsretreat from MonsBattle of
The division served in many major battles of the war, including the Battle of Mons and the subsequent Great Retreat, and later the First Battle of Ypres.
II Corps was commanded by Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien and consisted of the 3rd and 5th Divisions.

Gordon Highlanders

Gordon HighlanderGordonsThe Gordon Highlanders
The 1st Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 8th Brigade in the 3rd Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front; they suffered heavy losses at the Battle of Le Cateau in August 1914.

Royal Ulster Rifles

Royal Irish Rifles86th Regiment of FootRoyal Ulster Rifleman
The 2nd Battalion landed at Rouen as part of the 7th Brigade in the 3rd Division in August 1914 and in the remainder of that year saw action at the Battle of Mons, Battle of Le Cateau, First Battle of the Marne, First Battle of the Aisne, Battle of La Bassée and the Battle of Messines.

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 3rd Division were sent to Kabul to assist in the liberation of the capital and defeat Taliban forces in the mountains.

185th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

185th Infantry Brigade185th Brigade185 Brigade
By early 1943, the experiment with 'mixed' divisions was abandoned, and division reverted to being an infantry formation, 33rd Tank Brigade being replaced by 185th Infantry Brigade.
The 185th Infantry Brigade (185 Bde) was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army raised during the Second World War that participated in the Normandy landings of 6 June 1944, fighting in the Normandy Campaign and the subsequent campaign in North-West Europe with the 3rd British Infantry Division.

12th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

12th Infantry Brigade12th Armoured Infantry Brigade12th Brigade
The 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade, formerly the 12th Mechanized Brigade, is a regular brigade of the British Army which has been in almost continuous existence since 1899 and now forms part of 3rd (United Kingdom) Division.

Operation Charnwood

CharnwoodOperation ''CharnwoodBombing of Caen
After D-Day the 3rd Infantry Division fought through the Battle for Caen, in Operation Charnwood and Operation Goodwood.
By the end of the day the 3rd Canadian Division and the British 3rd Infantry Division and 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division had cleared the villages in their path and reached the outskirts of the city.

Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro

Fuentes de OnoroFuentes de OñoroFuentes d'Onor
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
Brent Spencer commanded the 1st Division, Thomas Picton the 3rd, William Houston the 7th, and Robert Craufurd the Light Division.

Operation Goodwood

GoodwoodBourguébus Ridgeadvancing towards Vire
After D-Day the 3rd Infantry Division fought through the Battle for Caen, in Operation Charnwood and Operation Goodwood.
The historic Normandy town of Caen was a D-Day objective for the British 3rd Infantry Division, which landed on Sword Beach on 6 June 1944.

Battle of Bussaco

BusacoBussacoBuçaco
It fought at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811 and the Battle of El Bodón in September 1811, before further combat at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812.
the 3rd under MG Thomas Picton, with attached Portuguese brigade

British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
There the division became part of Lieutenant General Alan Brooke's II Corps of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).
On 3 October, I Corps with the 1st Infantry Division and 2nd Infantry Division began to take over the front line allocated to the BEF and II Corps with the 3rd Infantry Division and 4th Infantry Division followed on 12 October; the 5th Infantry Division arrived in December.

Wiltshire Regiment

Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment)WiltshireWiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's)
Upon mobilization and the declaration of war, the 1st Battalion, Wilts deployed to France as part of the 3rd Division's 7th Brigade, landing in France on 14 August 1914, and soon fought in the Battle of Mons and the Great Retreat and, in October, in the First Battle of Ypres, by which time the battalion had lost 26 officers and over 1,000 other ranks.