Map of Meridian Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program
Sgt. Samuel Smith, African-American soldier with family
Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of Union forces in the Meridian campaign
Sgt. Samuel Smith, African-American soldier with family
Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk, commander of Confederate forces during the Meridian campaign
Control of the waterways allowed the Federals to easily move troops by boat. This photo shows steamboats tied up at Pittsburg Landing after the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862.
Civil War recruiting poster for black soldiers. Note that the officer is white.
Map shows the route of Grierson's 1864–1865 raid.
Major Edwin Main

They were joined there by 250 men from the 1st Mississippi Cavalry Regiment (African Descent) and the expedition continued upriver to reach Greenwood, Mississippi, on February 14.

- Meridian campaign

Meanwhile, Ross' brigade was called away to oppose Major General William T. Sherman's Meridian campaign.

- 3rd United States Colored Cavalry Regiment
Map of Meridian Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program

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Battle of Yazoo City, March 5, 1864

Battle of Yazoo City

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Engagement in Mississippi during a month-long Union expedition up the Yazoo River in the American Civil War.

Engagement in Mississippi during a month-long Union expedition up the Yazoo River in the American Civil War.

Battle of Yazoo City, March 5, 1864
Battle of Yazoo City, March 5, 1864
George C. McKee
L. S. "Sul" Ross

The expedition was undertaken in cooperation with Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's Meridian campaign.

The flotilla turned into the Yazoo River and reached Haynes Bluff on the evening of February 1 where it picked up a recruiting detachment of 11 officers and 25 men from the 1st Mississippi Cavalry Regiment (African Descent) under Major Jeremiah B. Cook.