42nd Infantry Division (United States)

42nd Infantry Division42nd DivisionRainbow Division42d Infantry Division42nd42nd (Rainbow) Division42d Division42nd Rainbow Division42nd "Rainbow" Division42nd "Rainbow" Infantry Division
The 42nd Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow" ) is a division of the United States Army National Guard.wikipedia
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Douglas MacArthur

General Douglas MacArthurGeneral MacArthurMacArthur
In addition, Douglas MacArthur, then a major, suggested to William A. Mann, the head of the Militia Bureau, that he form another division from the non-divisional units of several states.
In 1917, he was promoted from major to colonel and became chief of staff of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division.

William Abram Mann

William A. MannMaj. Gen. W. A. Mann
In addition, Douglas MacArthur, then a major, suggested to William A. Mann, the head of the Militia Bureau, that he form another division from the non-divisional units of several states.
He served as the commander of the 17th Infantry Brigade in the Spanish–American War and the 42nd Division "The Rainbow Division") in World War I.

New York Army National Guard

New York National GuardNew York MilitiaNational Guard
The division headquarters is a unit of the New York Army National Guard.
The New York Army National Guard despatched elements of the 27th Infantry Division and the 42nd Infantry Division to both world wars.

Harry J. Collins

*MG Harry J. Collins, 1943-1946
Major General Harry John Collins (December 7, 1895 – March 8, 1963) was a decorated senior United States Army officer who commanded the 42nd "Rainbow" Infantry Division during World War II.

242nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

242nd Infantry Regiment242nd Infantry242d Infantry Regiment
Organized as part of the 42nd Infantry Division during World War II, the regiment took part in fighting against the Germans and performed post-war occupation duty in Austria.

222nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

222nd Infantry Regiment222nd
On 24 and 25 January 1945, in the Bois D’Ohlungen, and the vicinity of Schweighouse-sur-Moder and Neubourg, the 222nd Infantry Regiment held a position covering a front of 7,500 yards, three times the normal frontage for a regiment in defense.
It served in the 42nd Infantry Division for the duration of the Second World War, and was then deactivated.

232nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

232nd Infantry Regiment232nd
It served in combat with the 42nd Infantry Division, the "Rainbow Division", and served during the Occupation of Germany before its deactivation in 1947.

Henning Linden

General Henning Linden
Following training at Camp Gruber, Oklahoma and the journey to Europe, the three infantry regiments (222nd, 232nd, & 242nd) and a detachment of the 42ID Headquarters arrived in France at Marseille, 8–9 December 1944, and were formed into Task Force (TF) Linden, under Henning Linden, the Assistant Division Commander (ADC).
He was prominent for his role in the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp while serving as Deputy Commander of the 42nd Infantry Division.

168th Infantry Regiment (United States)

168th Infantry Regiment168th Infantry168th Regimental Combat Team
It became part of the 42nd Division, commonly referred to as the 'Rainbow' Division.

Charles T. Menoher

Charles MenoherGeneral MenoherMenoher
After being promoted to brigadier general in August 1917, Menoher commanded the Rainbow Division in France during World War I, participating in the Champagne-Marne offensive and in the successful Allied offensives of Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne.

Vito R. Bertoldo

1
At the headquarters of 1st Battalion, 242nd Infantry, Private First Class Vito R. Bertoldo waged a 48-hour defense of the Command Post, for which he received the Medal of Honor.
He then obtained approval to undergo training as an infantryman, and deployed to France with the 42nd Infantry Division.

American Expeditionary Forces

American Expeditionary ForceAEFA.E.F.
The 42nd went overseas to the Western Front of Belgium and France in November 1917, one of the first divisions of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) to do so.
By the end of 1917, four divisions were deployed in a large training area near Verdun: the 1st Division, a regular army formation; the 26th Division, a National Guard division; the 2nd Division, a combination of regular troops and U.S. Marines; and the 42nd "Rainbow" Division, a National Guard division made up of soldiers from nearly every state in the United States.

Army National Guard

United States Army National GuardNational GuardU.S. Army National Guard
The 42nd Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow" ) is a division of the United States Army National Guard.

United States campaigns in World War I

Aisne-Marne offensiveOise-AisneChampagne-Marne
The following year, the division took part in four major operations: the Champagne-Marne, the Aisne-Marne, the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
Among the A.E.F. units involved in this action were the 3d, 26th and 28th Divisions, the 42nd Infantry Division, the 369th Infantry Regiment, and supporting elements (in all about 85,000 Americans).

Battle of Saint-Mihiel

St. MihielSt. Mihiel OffensiveSaint-Mihiel
The following year, the division took part in four major operations: the Champagne-Marne, the Aisne-Marne, the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
On the right was the I Corps (from right to left the 82nd, 90th, 5th, and 2nd Divisions in line with the 78th in reserve) covering a front from Pont-à-Mousson on the Moselle west toward Limey; on the left, the IV Corps (from right to left the 89th, 42d, and 1st Divisions in line with the 3rd in reserve) extending along a front from Limey west toward Marvoisin.

Würzburg

Würzburg, GermanyHeidingsfeldWurzburg
Moving across the Rhine, 31 March 1945, the 42ID captured Wertheim am Main, 1 April 1945, and Würzburg, 2–6 April 1945, after a fierce battle.
On 3 April 1945, Würzburg was occupied by the U.S. 12th Armored Division and U.S. 42nd Infantry Division in a series of frontal assaults masked by smokescreens.

167th Infantry Regiment (United States)

167th Infantry Regiment167th Infantry4th Alabama
They were under the 42nd Division in World War I and fought in 5 major campaigns, symbolized in the 5 fleurs-de-lis on their coat of arms.

United States Army Central

Third ArmyThird United States ArmyU.S. Third Army
On the same day the 42d Division passes to the command of the IV Corps, which, in support of the III Corps, continued its march to occupy the Kreise of Mayen, Ahrweiler, Adenau, and Cochem.

John J. Pershing

John PershingGeneral PershingPershing
The AEF was commanded by General John Joseph Pershing.
First, he ordered the U.S. First Army to take "the honor" of recapturing Sedan, site of the French defeat in 1870; the ensuing confusion (an order was issued that "boundaries were not to be considered binding") exposed American troops to danger not only from the French on their left, but even from one another, as the 1st Division tacked westward by night across the path of the 42nd Division (accounts differ as to whether Brigadier General Douglas MacArthur, then commanding the 84th Brigade of the 42nd Division, was really mistaken for a German officer and arrested).

166th Infantry Regiment (United States)

166th Infantry Regiment166th Infantry166th U.S Infantry Regiment
It was reorganized as the 166th Infantry Regiment on 20 August and assigned to the 42nd Infantry Division's 83rd Infantry Brigade.

Nuremberg

NürnbergNuremberg, GermanyNüremberg
Fürth, near Nuremberg, put up fanatical resistance, but was taken, 18–19 April 1945, by the 42ID.
Nuremberg was a heavily fortified city that was captured in a fierce battle lasting from 17 to 21 April 1945 by the U.S. 3rd Infantry Division, 42nd Infantry Division and 45th Infantry Division, which fought house-to-house and street-by-street against determined German resistance, causing further urban devastation to the already bombed and shelled buildings.

Georges de Bazelaire

general de BazelaireGeneral Georges de Bazelaire
While in France, the division was placed under French control for a time, commanded by various French commanders, including Henri Gouraud and Georges de Bazelaire, of the French VII Army Corps.
In February 1918, as Douglas MacArthur recalls in his memoirs, four regiments of the 42nd Infantry Division, the Rainbow Division of the American Expeditionary Forces, « were placed under the command of General Georges de Bazelaire of the French VII Army Corps to be battle-trained with four French divisions.» Colonel MacArthur took part in what was his first raid against German trenches where several prisoners were seized, after which he was awarded a Croix de Guerre by Bazelaire.

26th Infantry Division (United States)

26th Infantry Division26th Division26th
The 42nd Infantry Division absorbed the units of the 26th Infantry Division and the 50th Armored Division of the Massachusetts and New Jersey Army National Guard, respectively, in post-Cold War restructuring.
Two additional divisions completed the first wave of American troop deployment, with the 2nd Division formed in France and the 42nd Division arriving at St. Nazaire on 29 October.

Charles Dudley Rhodes

Charles D. Rhodes
Rhodes later assumed command of the 42nd "Rainbow" Infantry Division, receiving temporary promotion to Major General.

Division (military)

divisiondivisionsinfantry division
The 42nd Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow" ) is a division of the United States Army National Guard.