527 organization

527 group527527 groups527 committeeSection 527527 political organizationpolitical organization527 (c)(3)527 committees527 independent political group
A 527-organization or 527 group is a type of U.S. tax-exempt organization organized under Section 527 of the U.S.wikipedia
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Texans for Truth

Examples of 527s are Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Texans for Truth, The Media Fund, America Coming Together, the Progress for America Voter Fund, and the Secretary of State Project.
Texans for Truth (TfT) was a political advocacy organization, registered under Section 527 of the United States tax code, formed to oppose George W. Bush's re-election efforts in the 2004 presidential election.

America Coming Together

Examples of 527s are Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Texans for Truth, The Media Fund, America Coming Together, the Progress for America Voter Fund, and the Secretary of State Project.
America Coming Together (ACT) (founded in 2003) was a progressive, political action 527 group dedicated to get-out-the-vote activities.

Secretary of State Project

Examples of 527s are Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Texans for Truth, The Media Fund, America Coming Together, the Progress for America Voter Fund, and the Secretary of State Project.
Formed in the fall of 2006 by Becky Bond, Michael Kieschnick and James Rucker, the Secretary of State Project was an American non-profit, progressive or liberal 527 political action committee focused on electing reform-minded progressive Secretaries of State in battleground states, who typically oversee the election process.

Swift Vets and POWs for Truth

Swift Boat Veterans for TruthSwift BoatSwift Boat Veterans
Examples of 527s are Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Texans for Truth, The Media Fund, America Coming Together, the Progress for America Voter Fund, and the Secretary of State Project.
Swift Vets and POWs for Truth, formerly known as the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth (SBVT), was a political group (527 group) of United States Swift boat veterans and former prisoners of war of the Vietnam War, formed during the 2004 presidential election campaign for the purpose of opposing John Kerry's candidacy for the presidency.

Republican Governors Association

Chair of the Republican Governors AssociationRepublican governors
The Republican Governors Association (RGA) is a Washington, D.C.-based 527 organization founded in 1963, consisting of U.S. state and territorial Republican governors.

Democratic Governors Association

Democratic Governors' Conference
The Democratic Governors Association (DGA) is a Washington, D.C. based 527 organization founded in 1983, consisting of U.S. state and territorial governors affiliated with the Democratic Party.

American Solutions for Winning the Future

American SolutionsAmerican Solutions PACDrill Here, Drill Now, Pay Less: A Handbook for Slashing Gas Prices and Solving Our Energy Crisis
American Solutions for Winning the Future (often referred to as American Solutions) was a 527 organization created by former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Newt Gingrich.

Internal Revenue Code

Internal Revenue Code of 1986U.S. tax codeInternal Revenue Code of 1954
A 527-organization or 527 group is a type of U.S. tax-exempt organization organized under Section 527 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code.

College Republicans

College Republican National CommitteeCollege RepublicanAmerican Republican College League
Founded as an organization for the Republican National Committee, the College Republicans now operate as an independent 527 group.

MoveOn

MoveOn.orgMoveOn campaignMoveOn.org voter fund
MoveOn, like many other political organizations which sought to influence the 2004 election, was able to circumvent this legislation using a 527 group, which became inactive in 2005 and closed in 2008.

GOPAC

Although often thought of as a PAC, or Political Action Committee, it is actually a 527 organization.

Issue advocacy ads

expressly advocateissue adIssue advocacy versus express advocacy
However, in common practice the term is usually applied only to such organizations that are not regulated under state or federal campaign finance laws because they do not "expressly advocate" for the election or defeat of a candidate or party.

Political campaign

campaignelection campaignpresidential campaign
An October 2010 Bloomberg poll found that 47 percent of Americans say they would be less likely to support a political candidate if his campaign was supported by advertising paid for by anonymous business groups.
Money is raised and spent not only by candidate's campaign, but also by party committees, political action committees, and other groups (in the 2004 election cycle, much controversy has focused on a new category of organization, 527 groups).

Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act

McCain-FeingoldMcCain-Feingold ActMcCain–Feingold Act
Although 527 organizations were in common use by the 1990s, in the wake of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, which limited the ability of political parties to raise money, 527s rose to much greater prominence and visibility.
Subsequently, political parties and "watchdog" organizations have filed complaints with the FEC concerning the raising and spending of soft money by so-called "527 organizations"—organizations claiming tax-exemption as "political organizations" under Section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, but not registering as "political committees" under the Federal Election Campaign Act, which uses a different legal definition.

Economic Freedom Fund

The Economic Freedom Fund (EFF) is a 527 group started in 2006 by Bob J. Perry, with a $5 million donation.

Joint Victory Campaign 2004

Joint Victory Campaign 2004 is the second largest 527 group in the United States by income and expenditures.

Media Fund

The Media Fund
Examples of 527s are Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Texans for Truth, The Media Fund, America Coming Together, the Progress for America Voter Fund, and the Secretary of State Project.
The Media Fund is a 527 group, active in U.S. politics, which supported Democrat John Kerry's campaign for President.

Progress for America

Progress for America Voter Fund
Examples of 527s are Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Texans for Truth, The Media Fund, America Coming Together, the Progress for America Voter Fund, and the Secretary of State Project.
Progress for America (PFA) (a 501(c)(4)) and its affiliate Progress for America Voter Fund (PFA-VF) (a 527 committee) are national tax-exempt organizations in the United States.

New Democrat Network

NDNNew Democratic Network
NDN is a 501(c)(4) membership organization that functions in conjunction with its two subsidiary organizations, the NDN Political Fund, a non-federal political organization (527), and NDN PAC, a federal political action committee.

Political action committee

Super PACPACpolitical action committees
Technically, almost all political committees, including state, local, and federal candidate committees, traditional political action committees, "Super PACs", and political parties are "527s."
In the United States, a political action committee (PAC) is a 527 organization that pools campaign contributions from members and donates those funds to campaigns for or against candidates, ballot initiatives, or legislation.

Opposition research

opposition researcheroppo-researchopposition dump
Congressional and presidential opposition research is often conducted by or funded by a political party, lobbying group, political action committee (PAC), or a 527 group that coalesces around a certain issue.

Campaign finance in the United States

campaign financebundlersoft money
Furthermore, the BCRA did not regulate "527 organizations" (named for the section of the tax code under which they operate).

Sierra Club

The Sierra ClubSierraSierra Magazine
The Sierra Club Voter Education Fund is a 527 group that became active in the 2004 Presidential election by airing television advertisements about the major party candidates' positions on environmental issues.