84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants)

Royal Highland Emigrants84th Regiment of Foot84th Regiment 2nd Battalion, 84th Regiment84th84th (Royal Highland Emigrants) Regiment of Foot84th Foot84th Highland Regiment84th HighlandersBritish 84th Regiment
The 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) was a British regiment in the American Revolutionary War that was raised to defend present day Ontario, Quebec and Atlantic Canada from the constant land and sea attacks by American Revolutionaries.wikipedia
145 Related Articles

Allan Maclean of Torloisk

Allan MacleanAllen Maclean
The 84th Regiment was clothed, armed and accoutred the same as the Black Watch, with Lieutenant Colonel Allan Maclean commanding the first battalion and Major General John Small of Strathardle commanding the second.
He is best known for leading the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) in the Battle of Quebec.

Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge

decisively defeateddefeated at Moore's Creek Bridge
The dangers of recruiting American Loyalists became even clearer after the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, a patriot victory, in North Carolina.
In April, he received royal permission to raise a regiment known as the Royal Highland Emigrants by recruiting retired Scottish soldiers living in North America.

John Small (British Army officer)

John SmallMajor-General John SmallMajor General John Small
The 84th Regiment was clothed, armed and accoutred the same as the Black Watch, with Lieutenant Colonel Allan Maclean commanding the first battalion and Major General John Small of Strathardle commanding the second.
John Small (13 March 1726 – 17 March 1796) was a career British military officer from Scotland who played a key role in raising and leading the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) during the American Revolution.

Siege of Fort St. Jean

Battle of Fort St. Jeanbesieging Fort Saint-Jeanbattle of St. Johns
It marched from Quebec in an attempt to repel Brigadier General Richard Montgomery's invasion in the Siege of Fort St. Jean, Quebec.
There were 90 locally raised militia, and 20 members of Colonel Allen Maclean's Royal Highland Emigrants, men who were veterans of the French and Indian War.

Battle of Quebec (1775)

Battle of QuebecQuebecsiege of Quebec
The regiment was also involved in the Battle of Quebec.
On November 10, Lieutenant Colonel Allen Maclean, who had been involved in an attempt to lift the siege at St. Jean, arrived with 200 men of his Royal Highland Emigrants.

Fort Howe

One such fort was Fort Howe, at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy at what is now Saint John, New Brunswick.
On June 30, 1777 under the command of Captain Hawker, four British ship with the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) arrived on the scene under the command of Major Gilfred Studholme.

Annapolis Royal

Annapolis Royal, Nova ScotiaAnnapolis, Nova ScotiaAnnapolis
There were constant attacks by American privateers, such as the Sack of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia (1782), numerous raids on Liverpool, Nova Scotia (October 1776, March 1777, September, 1777, May 1778, September 1780) and a raid on Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia (1781).
During the American Revolution, the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) were stationed at Annapolis Royal to guard Nova Scotia against American Privateers.

Ranald MacKinnon

Ranald McKinnon
On September 4, 1778, the 84th Regiment, under the command of Ranald MacKinnon, was in the Raid of Cape Sable Island.
During the American Revolutionary War he served as a junior officer of the Royal Highland Emigrants (84th Regiment of Foot), and also as colonel of the militia of Queens County, Nova Scotia.

Lachlan Macquarie

Governor MacquarieGovernor Lachlan MacquarieMacquarie
One of the crew in the Battle of the Newcastle Jane was a young recruit Lachlan Macquarie, who eventually became known as "the Father of Australia."
Macquarie joined the 84th Regiment of Foot on 9 April 1777, travelling with it to North America in 1777 to take part in the American War of Independence.

Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec

Arnold's expedition to Quebecexpedition to Quebecan expedition
Montgomery and Benedict Arnold, who led an expedition through the wilderness of what is now Maine, combined forces and mounted attack on Quebec City.
The city of Quebec was then defended by about 150 men of the Royal Highland Emigrants under Lieutenant Colonel Allen Maclean, supported by about 500 poorly organized local militia and 400 marines from the two warships.

Flora MacDonald

Flora McDonaldFloraFlora MacDonald's Fancy
Small assigned Captain Allan Macdonald, husband of the famous Scottish heroine Flora MacDonald, to be the commander of Fort Edward for five years.
After 18 months in captivity, Allan was released in September 1777; he was posted to Fort Edward, Nova Scotia as commander of the 84th Regiment of Foot where Flora joined him in August 1778.

Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders

The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry HighlandersCornwall ArmouryCalgary Highlanders
However, the Canadian Army considers the 84th to be continued in the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders.
After the surrender at Yorktown, veterans of the King's Royal Regiment of New York and the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), were given land on the north bank of the Saint Lawrence River so they could defend Upper Canada from the new enemy to the south.

Fort Edward (Nova Scotia)

Fort EdwardFort Edward National Historic SiteFort Edward, Nova Scotia
As a result, in the summer of 1778, Major John Small moved the headquarters of the 84th Regiment from Halifax to Fort Edward (Nova Scotia) in Windsor. After the 2nd Battalion was disbanded at the headquarters for the 84th Regiment Fort Edward (Nova Scotia) on October 10, 1783, many of the 84th Regiment settled beside Rawdon Township in the newly formed Douglas Township (Kennetcook, Nova Scotia and surrounding area).
During the American Revolution the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), 2nd Battalion were stationed at Forts throughout Atlantic Canada.

Fort Anne

Fort Anne National Historic SiteAnnapolis RoyalFort Anne National Park
The 84th Regiment was also stationed at four locations around the Bay of Fundy: Fort Edward (Windsor), Fort Anne (Annapolis), Fort Cumberland (Amherst), and Fort Howe (Saint John).
It was however still used as an outpost during the American Revolution, where the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) was stationed, and the War of 1812 in defence of the town from American privateers.

Georges Island (Nova Scotia)

Georges IslandGeorge's IslandFort Charlotte
During the nine years of the war, members of the Battalion served on Detachments around Halifax: the Redoubt & Fort Needham (Halifax), Fort Sackville (Bedford), Fort Charlotte (Georges Island (Nova Scotia), Fort Clarence (Eastern Battery, Dartmouth).
During the American Revolution the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) were stationed at the fort to protect the harbour from American Privateers.

Cape Sable Island

Cape SableCape Sable, Nova ScotiaCape Sable Island, Nova Scotia
On September 4, 1778, the 84th Regiment, under the command of Ranald MacKinnon, was in the Raid of Cape Sable Island.
During the American Revolution, on September 4, 1778, the light infantry company of the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), under the command of Cpt.

Kennetcook

Kennetcook, Nova Scotia
After the 2nd Battalion was disbanded at the headquarters for the 84th Regiment Fort Edward (Nova Scotia) on October 10, 1783, many of the 84th Regiment settled beside Rawdon Township in the newly formed Douglas Township (Kennetcook, Nova Scotia and surrounding area).
The village was settled by the troops of the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) for their service in the war, protecting Nova Scotia from ongoing American Patriot attacks by land and sea.

Hants County, Nova Scotia

Hants CountyHantsCounty of Hants
The following is a list of the soldiers from the 84th Regiment who settled in Douglas Township in Hants County, Nova Scotia after the war:
During the American Revolution, Fort Edward played a pivotal role defending Halifax from a possible land attack and serving as the headquarters in Atlantic Canada for 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants).

King's Orange Rangers

During the latter half of 1779, Capt. Robert Rotton and a recruiting party was sent to Newfoundland in a joint effort with Lt. Hector Maclean of the Royal Highland Emigrants.

Rawdon, Nova Scotia

RawdonRawdon TownshipRawdon Hills
Along with the rest of the American Loyalists from Ninety-Six, John Bond eventually left South Carolina and settled in Rawdon Township (see Rawdon, Nova Scotia), the place being named after Lord Rawdon who had saved them in the siege.
Some of the troops who assisted Lord Rawdon in the Siege of Ninety-Six were from the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), as well as the 2nd American Regiment.

Jacob Bailey (author)

Jacob Bailey
In 1780, Rev. Jacob Bailey was appointed the Deputy Chaplain to the 84th Regiment.
In 1780, Rev. Bailey was appointed the Deputy Chaplain to the 84th Regiment.

Gore, Nova Scotia

GoreGore, NS
) The community was settled primarily by the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants).

Hector Maclean (politician)

Hector MacLean
Maclean served as a lieutenant in the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) in the American Revolution, fighting in the Battle of Eutaw Springs (at which he kept a journal).

Marysburgh Township, Ontario

MarysburghMarysburgh TownshipNorth Marysburgh
One of the prominent regiment of soldiers to settle here was 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants).