A-not-A question

A-not-A
In linguistics, an A-not-A question, also known as an A-neg-A question, is a polar question that offers two opposite possibilities for the answer.wikipedia
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Yes–no question

yes-no questionyes/no questionpolar question
In linguistics, an A-not-A question, also known as an A-neg-A question, is a polar question that offers two opposite possibilities for the answer.
In Chinese, yes–no questions typically take an A-not-A form.

Yes and no

noyesyes" or "no
is a neutral question where the answer to this can be yes or no in response to the first and more explicitly stated alternative.
In all Sinitic/Chinese languages, yes-no questions are often posed in A-not-A form, and the replies to such questions are echo answers that echo either A or not A.

Echo answer

echo responserepeats the verb used in the question
The response to this question must be an echo answer, stating either "I am happy," or the acceptable alternative, "I am sad".
Often, yes-no questions in Mandarin are expressed in the A-not-A form, and are answered with either A or not-A.

Interrogative

interrogative sentenceinterrogative moodinterrogatives

Linguistics

linguistlinguisticlinguists
In linguistics, an A-not-A question, also known as an A-neg-A question, is a polar question that offers two opposite possibilities for the answer.

Varieties of Chinese

ChineseSiniticChinese varieties
Predominantly researched in Sinitic languages, the A-not-A question offers a choice between an affirmative predicate and its negative counterpart.

Predicate (grammar)

predicatepredicatespredication
Predominantly researched in Sinitic languages, the A-not-A question offers a choice between an affirmative predicate and its negative counterpart.

Mandarin Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin dialects
The label of "A-not-A question" may refer to the specific occurrence of these question types in Mandarin or, more broadly, to encompass other dialect-specific question types such as kam questions in Taiwanese Mandarin or ka questions in Singapore Teochew (ST), though these types possess unique properties and can even occur in complementary distribution with the A-not-A question type. Despite having the same negative marker as Mandarin, "不" bat1 is only used in fixed expressions or to give literacy quality, and only "唔" m4 is used as a negative marker in A-not-A questions.

Taiwanese Mandarin

MandarinMandarin Chinese (Taiwan) Mandarin Chinese
The label of "A-not-A question" may refer to the specific occurrence of these question types in Mandarin or, more broadly, to encompass other dialect-specific question types such as kam questions in Taiwanese Mandarin or ka questions in Singapore Teochew (ST), though these types possess unique properties and can even occur in complementary distribution with the A-not-A question type.

Complementary distribution

complementary distributionscomplimentaryconditional allophones
The label of "A-not-A question" may refer to the specific occurrence of these question types in Mandarin or, more broadly, to encompass other dialect-specific question types such as kam questions in Taiwanese Mandarin or ka questions in Singapore Teochew (ST), though these types possess unique properties and can even occur in complementary distribution with the A-not-A question type.

Leading question

leading questionsleadingLeading the witness
In other words, this sentence is a leading question, where the speaker has an expectation as to what the answer will be.

Wh-movement

wh''-frontingwh-frontingwh-in-situ
This scoping may be blocked if the original location of NQ and its intended final location are separated by an island boundary.

Chinese language

ChineseChinese:Regional dialect
The following are examples of A-not-A questions in languages belonging to the Sinitic linguistic family.

Interrogative word

interrogative pronouninterrogativeinterrogative pronouns
In the interrogative clause, A-not-A occurs by repeating the first part in the verbal group (with the option of an auxiliary) and the negative form of the particle is placed in between.

Auxiliary verb

auxiliaryauxiliary verbsauxiliaries
In the interrogative clause, A-not-A occurs by repeating the first part in the verbal group (with the option of an auxiliary) and the negative form of the particle is placed in between.

Perfective aspect

perfectiveperfectPerfective verbs
However, this clause does not apply when using perfective in aspect.

Grammatical aspect

aspectaspectualaspects
However, this clause does not apply when using perfective in aspect.

Classifier (linguistics)

classifierclassifiersnumeral classifier
The word is a classifier, which means it is a counter word for the noun 'book'.

Counterword

counter word
The word is a classifier, which means it is a counter word for the noun 'book'.

Fixed expression

expression
Despite having the same negative marker as Mandarin, "不" bat1 is only used in fixed expressions or to give literacy quality, and only "唔" m4 is used as a negative marker in A-not-A questions.

Cantonese

Cantonese languageCantonese ChineseStandard Cantonese
One distinction in Cantonese when compared to Mandarin is that certain forms of A-not-A questions are not attested due to dialectal differences.

Dialect

dialectsregiolectdialectal
One distinction in Cantonese when compared to Mandarin is that certain forms of A-not-A questions are not attested due to dialectal differences.

Grammaticality

ungrammaticalgrammaticalungrammaticality
This would produce the ungrammatical structure, 'like music not like', which is a poorly-formed sentence in Cantonese.

Amoy dialect

AmoyXiamenXiamen dialect
Amoy exhibits A-not-A forms, and differs from Mandarin and Cantonese in its frequent use of modals or auxiliaries in forming these constructions.

Korean language

KoreanKorean-languageKorea
The following are examples of A-not-A questions in Korean, an Altaic language.