A. A. K. Niazi

Amir Abdullah Khan NiaziA.A.K. NiaziGeneral NiaziA A K NiaziA.A.K NiaziAmir Khan NiaziAmir NiaziAAK NiaziNiaziTiger Niazi
Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi (Urdu: امیر عبداللہ خان نیازی; b. 1915–1 February 2004), HJ(Withdrawn), MC, popularly known as A.A.K. Niazi or General Niazi was a former lieutenant-general in the Pakistan Army and the last Governor of East Pakistan known for commanding the Eastern Command of the Pakistan Army in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) during the Eastern and the Western Fronts of the Indo-Pakistani war until the unilateral surrendering on the 16 December 1971 to Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora (GOC-in-C) of the Eastern Command and the Bengali Liberation Forces.wikipedia
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Structure of the Pakistan Army

16th Infantry Division23rd Infantry Division33rd Infantry Division
In 1968, he was promoted as Major-General and made GOC of the 8th Infantry Division, stationed in Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan.

IV Corps (Pakistan)

IV Corps4th CorpsArmy IV Corps
In 1971, he was promoted to three-star assignment and promoted as Lieutenant-General, initially appointed Commander of the IV Corps in Lahore. Niazi was repatriated to Pakistan was handed over to Lieutenant-General Abdul Hamid, then corps commander of the IV Corps, by Indian Army from the Wagha checkpoint in Lahore District, Punjab, in April 1975, in a symbolic gesture of last war prisoner held by India.

Dhaka

DaccaDhaka, BangladeshDhaka City
Niazi had the area responsibility of defending the borders of East Pakistan from India and was held morally responsible by authors and critics within Pakistan's military for surrendering the Eastern Command, consisting of ~92,000 - 95,000 servicemen (sources vary), to the Indian Army when the preparations were underway to lay siege on Dacca.

1971 killing of Bengali intellectuals

martyred intellectual of 1971mass killing of Bengali intellectuals in 1971massacre
Furthermore, the violent crackdown at the Dhaka University against the intellectuals had turned the East Pakistani people hostile towards the Pakistani military, which made it tough for General Niazi to overcome the situation.

University of Dhaka

Dhaka UniversityUniversity of DaccaDacca University
Furthermore, the violent crackdown at the Dhaka University against the intellectuals had turned the East Pakistani people hostile towards the Pakistani military, which made it tough for General Niazi to overcome the situation.

Pakistan Armed Forces

Pakistani militarymilitaryPakistani Armed Forces
Furthermore, the violent crackdown at the Dhaka University against the intellectuals had turned the East Pakistani people hostile towards the Pakistani military, which made it tough for General Niazi to overcome the situation.

Press secretary

press officerpress coordinatorDeputy Press Secretary
On the issue of violences and bloodsheds, General Niazi had reportedly told his public relations officer and press secretary, Major Siddique Salik, that "we will have to account every single rape and killing when back in (West) Pakistan. God never spares the Tyrant."

Border Guards Bangladesh

Bangladesh RiflesEast Pakistan RiflesBorder Guard Bangladesh
The Government of East Pakistan appointed General Niazi as commander of the Eastern Command, and Major-General Rao Farman Ali as their military adviser for East Pakistan Rifles and East Pakistan Coast Guard.

Abdul Hamid Khan (general)

Abdul Hamid KhanA.H. Khan
On November 1971, General Abdul Hamid Khan, the Chief of Staff, warned him of an eminent Indian attack on East advised him to redeploy the Eastern Command on a tactical and political base ground but this was not need implemented due to shortage of time.

Pakistan Air Force

PAFAir ForcePakistani Air Force
On 3 December 1971, the Pakistan Air Force launched the pre-emptive strikes on Indian Air Force bases that officially led to start of the third war with India.

Operation Chengiz Khan

preemptive strikesOperation Chengis Khanpre-emptive strike
On 3 December 1971, the Pakistan Air Force launched the pre-emptive strikes on Indian Air Force bases that officially led to start of the third war with India.

Cable 1971

compiled reportsecretive message
Niazi's military staff further regretted for not heeding the intelligence warnings issued earlier in a compiled report by Major K.M. Arif, the military intelligence official in Niazi's staff.

Military Intelligence (Pakistan)

Military IntelligenceMIMilitary Intelligence of Pakistan
Niazi's military staff further regretted for not heeding the intelligence warnings issued earlier in a compiled report by Major K.M. Arif, the military intelligence official in Niazi's staff.

Government of Pakistan

governmentPakistani governmentPakistan government
He ultimately blamed Lieutenant-General Tikka Khan of turning the East Pakistanis hostile towards the Government of Pakistan and the creation of the Mukti Bahini.

Sahabzada Yaqub Khan

Yaqub KhanYaqub Ali KhanSahibzada Yaqub Khan
Major accusations were also directed toward Lieutenant-General Yakob Ali Khan, Admiral S.M. Ahsan and Major-General Ali for aggravating the crises but General Niazi had to bear most responsibility for all that happened in the East.

Guerrilla warfare

guerrillaguerrillasguerrilla war
The Pakistani military combat units found themselves involved in a guerrilla war with the Mukti Bahini led under Atul Osmani, and were unprepared and untrained for such warfare.

Government of India

Indian governmentCentral GovernmentGovt. of India
On 9 December, the Indian government accepted the sovereignty of Bangladesh and extended its diplomatic mission to Provisional Government of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh–India relations

Indo-Bangladeshi relationsBangladesh-India relationsaccepted the sovereignty
On 9 December, the Indian government accepted the sovereignty of Bangladesh and extended its diplomatic mission to Provisional Government of Bangladesh.

Provisional Government of Bangladesh

Mujibnagar GovernmentProvisional Government of the People's Republic of BangladeshBangladesh
On 9 December, the Indian government accepted the sovereignty of Bangladesh and extended its diplomatic mission to Provisional Government of Bangladesh.

InterContinental Dhaka

Inter-Continental DaccaDhaka Hotel IntercontinentalHotel Intercontinental
This eventually led Governor Abdul Motaleb to resign from his post and took refuge with his entire cabinet at the Red Cross shelter at Inter-Continental Dacca on 14 December.

Special Branch (Bangladesh)

Special BranchBangladesh Police Intelligence Unitdetective branch of Bangladesh Police
During this time, the Special Branch of East Pakistan Police notified Niazi of the joint Indo-Bengali siege of Dhaka as the Eastern Command led by Lieutenant-General Jagjit Singh Aurora began encircling Dhaka.

Bangladesh Police

policelaw enforcementLaw enforcement in Bangladesh
During this time, the Special Branch of East Pakistan Police notified Niazi of the joint Indo-Bengali siege of Dhaka as the Eastern Command led by Lieutenant-General Jagjit Singh Aurora began encircling Dhaka.

Chief of the Army Staff (India)

Chief of Army StaffChief of the Army StaffChief of Army Staff of the Indian Army
This offer was rejected by Indian Army's Chief of Army Staff General Sam Manekshaw and Manekshaw set a deadline for surrender, and President Yahya Khan considered it as "illegitimate. Niazi then once again appealed for a cease-fire, but Manekshaw set a deadline for surrender, failing which Dhaka would come under siege.

Wagah

Wagah BorderWaghaWagha border
Niazi was repatriated to Pakistan was handed over to Lieutenant-General Abdul Hamid, then corps commander of the IV Corps, by Indian Army from the Wagha checkpoint in Lahore District, Punjab, in April 1975, in a symbolic gesture of last war prisoner held by India.

Lahore District

LahoreMughalpuraLahore City District
Niazi was repatriated to Pakistan was handed over to Lieutenant-General Abdul Hamid, then corps commander of the IV Corps, by Indian Army from the Wagha checkpoint in Lahore District, Punjab, in April 1975, in a symbolic gesture of last war prisoner held by India.