Abdirashid Shermarke

Abdirashid Ali ShermarkeAbdirashid Ali SharmarkeA. A. ShermarkeCabdirashiid Cali Sharma'arkeSharmarke
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke, عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (June 8, 1919 – October 15, 1969), also known as Abdirashid Shermarke, was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from July 6, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969.wikipedia
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Omar Sharmarke

Omar Abdirashid Ali SharmarkeOmar Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
He was the father of Somali Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke. In 1960, his son, Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, who would later become Prime Minister of the Somali Transitional Federal Government, was born.
He is the son of the former second President and first Prime Minister of Somalia, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, who was assassinated in 1969, and Rukiyo Mo’alim Daahir, the daughter of the well-known Somali Islamic scholar Mo’alim Dahir Ali Boss.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke, عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (June 8, 1919 – October 15, 1969), also known as Abdirashid Shermarke, was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from July 6, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969. (The anniversaries of both events are now celebrated on the Independence Day of Somalia as a public holiday in Somaliland and Somalia).
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal with other members of the trusteeship and protectorate governments, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic, and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister (later to become President from 1967 to 1969).

President of Somalia

PresidentSomali PresidentPresidents
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke, عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (June 8, 1919 – October 15, 1969), also known as Abdirashid Shermarke, was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from July 6, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969.
Since then the office has been held by seven further people: Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, Mohamed Siyad Barre, Ali Mahdi, Abdiqasim Salad, Abdullahi Yusuf, Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.

Harardhere

HaradheereHarardheereXarardheere
Sharmarke was born in 1919 in the town of Harardhere in the north-central Mudug region of Somalia.
After Somalia gained independence the town developed and gave birth to many prominent Somali politicians and military officials like Abdirashid Ali Shermarke the second president of Somalia, Maj. Gen Daud Abdulle Hirsi the first Commander of the Somali Armed Forces, Maj. Gen Mohamed Abshir Muse First Commander of the Somali Police Force and Maj.Gen Salaad Gabeyre Kediye.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
Raised in Mogadishu by his mother, Sharmarke attended Qur'anic schools and completed his elementary education in 1936.
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate governments, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic, and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister (later to become President from 1967 to 1969).

Somali Republic

SomaliaRepublic of Somalia1960 independence
On 1 July 1960, the State of Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somaliland (previously Italian Somaliland) united to form the Somali Republic. On 1 July 1960, with the creation of the Somali Republic, the then-incumbent President Aden Abdullah Osman Daar appointed Sharmarke Prime Minister of Somalia.
On 22 July 1960, Daar appointed Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister.

Somali Youth League

SYL
In 1943, the year of its inauguration, Sharmarke joined the incipient Somali Youth League political party.
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal with Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as the first President of the Somali Republic, and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister, later to become President (from 1967-1969).

Sapienza University of Rome

University of RomeUniversity of Rome La SapienzaLa Sapienza
He earned a scholarship to study at the Sapienza University of Rome, where he obtained a BA in Political Science.

Somaliland

RegionRepublic of SomalilandDistrict
(The anniversaries of both events are now celebrated on the Independence Day of Somalia as a public holiday in Somaliland and Somalia).
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa, with Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister (later to become President, from 1967 to 1969).

Las Anod

LaascaanoodLasanod
On October 15, 1969, while paying an official visit to the northern town of Las Anod, Sharmarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards.
On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the city, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards.

List of prime ministers of Somalia

Prime Minister of SomaliaPrime MinisterDeputy Prime Minister
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke, عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (June 8, 1919 – October 15, 1969), also known as Abdirashid Shermarke, was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from July 6, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969. On 1 July 1960, with the creation of the Somali Republic, the then-incumbent President Aden Abdullah Osman Daar appointed Sharmarke Prime Minister of Somalia.

Trust Territory of Somaliland

Trust Territory of Somaliatrusteeship periodSomalia
On 1 July 1960, the State of Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somaliland (previously Italian Somaliland) united to form the Somali Republic.
A new government was formed with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as the first President of the Somali National Assembly, Abdullahi Issa as Prime Minister, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister, later to become President (from 1967 to 1969).

Transitional federal government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal GovernmentTFGTFG coalition
In 1960, his son, Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, who would later become Prime Minister of the Somali Transitional Federal Government, was born.
President Sharif shortly afterwards appointed Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, the son of slain former President Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, as the nation's new Prime Minister.

Aden Adde

Aden Abdullah Osman DaarAden Abdulle OsmanAden Abdulle Osman Daar
On 1 July 1960, with the creation of the Somali Republic, the then-incumbent President Aden Abdullah Osman Daar appointed Sharmarke Prime Minister of Somalia.
In the 1967 presidential election, Daar was defeated by Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, his former Prime Minister.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Muhammad Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.
Barre, a major general of the gendarmerie, became President of Somalia after the 1969 coup d'état that overthrew the Somali Republic following the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke.

List of presidents of Somalia

President of SomaliaPresidentvacant
In the 1967 presidential elections, Sharmarke beat out Daar to become the second President of Somalia.

State of Somaliland

Somalilandformer British Somaliland
On 26 June 1960, British Somaliland gained independence as the State of Somaliland.
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister, later to become President (from 1967–1969).

Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali military
Sharmarke's assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.
During the power vacuum that followed the assassination of Somalia's second president, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, the military staged a coup d'état on 21 October 1969 (the day after Shermarke's funeral) and took over office.

1969 Somali coup d'état

coup d'étatmilitary coup d'état1969 coup d'état
Sharmarke's assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.
In 1967, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, the Italian educated prime minister and member of the Somali Youth League (SYL), was elected as president of Somalia.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal other members of the trusteeship and protectorate governments, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as the President of the Somali Republic and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister (later to become President from 1967 to 1969).

Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal

Mohamed Haji Ibrahim EgalEgalIbrahim Egal
In 1967, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was elected President and he appointed Egal as the Prime Minister.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
On 1 July 1960, the State of Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somaliland (previously Italian Somaliland) united to form the Somali Republic.
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate governments, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic, and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister (later to become President from 1967–1969).

Abdirizak Haji Hussein

In the first post-independence government of Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, Hussein served as Minister of Interior from 1960 to 1962, and Minister of Public Works and Communications from 1962 to 1964.

Haji Bashir

Haji Bashir Ismail YusufHaji Bashir Ismail YussufHagi Bashir Ismail