Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

Abdullahi Yusuf2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attemptAbdullahi tYusuf AhmedPresident Yusuf
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army.wikipedia
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Somali Salvation Democratic Front

SSDFDemocratic Front for Salvation of SomaliaSomali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF)
He was one of the founders of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, as well as the Puntland State of Somalia, where he served as the autonomous region's first President.
Among these was Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalia's former military attaché to Moscow, who was imprisoned for several years by the new military regime.

Puntland

Puntland State of SomaliaGeography of PuntlandClimate of Puntland
He was one of the founders of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, as well as the Puntland State of Somalia, where he served as the autonomous region's first President.
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed served as the fledgling state's founding president.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Abdullahi Yusuf was born on 15 December 1934 in Galkayo, situated in the north-central Mudug region of Somalia.
On 10 October 2004, legislators elected Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as the first President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the Transitional National Government's successor.

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
His family hailed from the Majeerteen Harti Darod clan.
In 2009, former President of Somalia, Abdullahi Yusuf visited the grave of Ismail bin Ibrahim Al-Jabarti in Yemen

List of presidents of Somalia

President of SomaliaPresidentvacant
In 2004, Ahmed also helped establish the Transitional Federal Government, which he led as President of Somalia from 2004 until 2008.

Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali military
Ahmed joined the Somali Army in 1950.
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed from Puntland was elected as President.

Transitional federal government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal GovernmentTFGTFG coalition
In 2004, Ahmed also helped establish the Transitional Federal Government, which he led as President of Somalia from 2004 until 2008.
On 8 January 2007, as the Battle of Ras Kamboni raged, TFG President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, a former colonel in the Somali Army decorated for bravery during the Somali-Ethiopian wars of 1964 and 1977 and erstwhile leader of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
For his post-secondary education, Ahmed studied Law at the Somali National University in Mogadishu.
On 8 January 2007, as the Battle of Ras Kamboni raged, TFG President and founder Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, a former colonel in the Somali Army, entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office.

Galkayo

GalkacyoGaalkacyoGalcaio
Abdullahi Yusuf was born on 15 December 1934 in Galkayo, situated in the north-central Mudug region of Somalia.

Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden

Sharif Hassan Sheikh AdanSharif Hassan
Consequently, Ahmed along with his Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi and the Speaker of the Parliament Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden helped to relocate the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) from Nairobi to the Somali cities of Jowhar and Baidoa, where the TFG resided until the government eventually took control of Mogadishu.
In 2005, Sheikh Sharif Hassan was opposed to the establishment of a new capital in Jowhar, which was the preference of President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed and Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi, demanding the capital be returned to Mogadishu.

Abdullahi Ahmed Irro

Abdullahi Yusuf Irro
He later commanded the Somali National Army's (SNA) southern front in the Ogaden War against neighboring Ethiopia, with assistance from 60th division commandant Col. Abdullahi Ahmed Irro, as well as frontline deputies Col. Abdulkadir Berked of Begedi of Afgio and Col. Ahmed Ilgir of Burtinle serving as his deputies.
Other Somali graduates from the military institution included Salaad Gabeyre Kediye, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed and Abdullah Mohamed Fadil.

Somali Civil War (2006–2009)

War in Somaliasecond phaseEthiopian invasion
After the start of the new phase of the War in Somalia on 21 December 2006, the TFG, with the help of Ethiopian forces, wrested control of the southern part of the country and the capital, Mogadishu, from the hands of the Islamic Courts Union.
December 31, 2008 was supposed to be when the troops were to withdraw from Somalia but it appears it will be several weeks after the resignation of President Yusuf earlier in December.

Hassan Ali Mire

Later that year, in adjacent Ethiopia, Ahmed and Hassan Ali Mire formed a rebel movement called the Somali Salvation Front, with Ahmed serving as chairman.
In 1978, a group of officials mainly from Mire's own Majeerteen clan, including Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, participated in an abortive attempt to overthrow Barre's dictatorial administration.

Hawa Abdi Samatar

Ahmed was married to Hawa Abdi Samatar.
She is the former First Lady of Somalia, and the wife of erstwhile President of Somalia and Puntland, the late Colonel Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.

Mohamed Hashi

Mohamed Abdi Hashi
He was succeeded in office by Mohamed Abdi Hashi as interim president.

Baidoa

BaidoraBaydhabo
Consequently, Ahmed along with his Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi and the Speaker of the Parliament Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden helped to relocate the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) from Nairobi to the Somali cities of Jowhar and Baidoa, where the TFG resided until the government eventually took control of Mogadishu.
On 8 January 2007, for the first time since taking office, President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed entered Mogadishu from Baidoa to engage in consultations with local business, religious and civil society representatives as the TFG moved its base to the national capital.

Abdiqasim Salad

Abdiqasim Salad HassanAbdiqassim Salad HassanAbdikassim Salat Hassan
The then incumbent President of Somalia, Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, peacefully withdrew his candidature.
On October 10, 2004, in a session held by the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP), Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed was elected as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), a successor interim body to the TNG that Ahmed had helped establish earlier in the year.

Nur Hassan Hussein

Nur Hassan Husein
In the second half of 2008, Ahmed had been at loggerheads with then Prime Minister Nur Hassan Hussein over a proposed new cabinet, the latter of which Ahmed characterized as nothing more than a "clan deal".
On November 22, 2007, then President of Somalia, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, nominated Hussein as Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government following the earlier resignation of Ali Mohammed Ghedi on October 29.

Ogaden War

Ethio-Somali WarOgaden campaign1977–1978 conflict with Ethiopia
He later commanded the Somali National Army's (SNA) southern front in the Ogaden War against neighboring Ethiopia, with assistance from 60th division commandant Col. Abdullahi Ahmed Irro, as well as frontline deputies Col. Abdulkadir Berked of Begedi of Afgio and Col. Ahmed Ilgir of Burtinle serving as his deputies. As a soldier, he participated in the Somali-Ethiopian war of 1964 and was decorated for bravery.

Jama Ali Jama

He and Jama Ali Jama subsequently fought for control of the region, with Ahmed emerging victorious the following year.
However, the position was contested with outgoing President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, who wanted his tenure extended.

Jowhar

VillabruzziVillabbruzziVillaggio Duca degli Abruzzi
Consequently, Ahmed along with his Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi and the Speaker of the Parliament Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden helped to relocate the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) from Nairobi to the Somali cities of Jowhar and Baidoa, where the TFG resided until the government eventually took control of Mogadishu.
However, in July 2005, President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed relocated to the town from his base in Bosaso, moving the process forward and joining Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi, who had already been resident in the town for a month.

Abdullahi Ahmed Addow

Abdullahi Ahmed Addou
He received 189 votes from the TFG Parliament, while the closest contender being, former Somali Ambassador to the United States Abdullahi Ahmed Addou, got 79 votes in the third round of voting.
In 2004, Addow again for office in that year's presidential elections, losing 189–79 in the third round to former Puntland President, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed.

Abdirahman Farole

Abdirahman Mohamud FaroleAbdirahman Mohamed Farole
Numerous government officials and religious and clan leaders came to pay their last respects, including incumbent Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole, former Puntland President Mohamud Muse Hersi, TFG President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, and Prime Minister of Somalia Abdiweli Mohamed Ali.
Top governmental positions Farole has held in the past include a stint as Finance Minister of the northeastern Puntland province of Somalia under the region's first president, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, and as governor of the Nugaal region in the 1990s.

Aden Madobe

Adan Mohamed Nuur MadobeAdan Mohamed NuurAdan "Madobe" Mohamed
Ismail Ali Nur, who spoke on behalf of the dissenting lawmakers, indicated that Somalia's constitution requires a parliament quorum of no less than 139 MPs present for votes, but that "only 95 MPs" showed up as opposed to the 143 members of parliament claimed by Speaker Adan "Madobe" Mohamed.
In May 2005, rival parliamentarian and faction leader Muhammad Ibrahim Habsade accused Madobe and Agriculture Minister Hassan Mohamed Nuur "Shatigudud" of attacking Baidoa to take the city on behalf of President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed's TFG.