Abdyl Frashëri

AbdylAbdyl FrasheriAbdul
Abdyl Dume bey Frashëri (Fraşerli Abdül Bey; 1 June 1839 – 23 October 1892) was an Ottoman Albanian civil servant, politician of the Ottoman Empire and one of the first Albanian political ideologues of the Albanian National Awakening.wikipedia
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League of Prizren

Prizren LeaguePrizren Committee for National DefenceAlbanian League
He was one of the initiators and a prominent leader of the League of Prizren.
Although it said nothing about the reforms, schools, autonomy or about the union of the Albanian population within one vilayet, under influence of Abdyl Frashëri, this initial position has changed radically and resulted in demands of autonomy of Albanians and open war against the Ottoman Empire.

Hero of Albania

People's Hero of AlbaniaHiPPeople's Hero
During the communist regime he was proclaimed with the honour Hero of Albania.

Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights

Central Committee for the Defence of the Rights of the Albanian PeopleCentral Committee for the Protection of the Rights of AlbaniansCentral Committee the defence of the rights of the Albanian people
He founded the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights in Istanbul.
The Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights was formed in the city of Istanbul, Turkey, then Ottoman Empire in December 18, 1877 by an influential group of Albanian intellectuals, patriots, and politicians, such as Hasan Tahsini, Abdyl Frashëri, Vesel Dino, Iljaz Pasha Dibra, Ymer Prizreni, Sami Frashëri, Zija Prishtina, Ahmet Koronica, Mehmet Ali Vrioni, Seid Toptani, Mustafa Nuri Vlora, Pashko Vasa, Jani Vreto, Mihal Harito, Pandeli Sotiri, Koto Hoxhi, and Mane Tahiri.

Sami Frashëri

SamiSami FrasheriŞemsettin Sami
Being the eldest brother of Naim Frashëri and Sami Frashëri, Abdyl Frashëri spent his youth to age 18 in his home village and eventually moved to Yannina where he lived for more than 20 years.
Sami Frashëri (Şemseddin Sami Bey; June 1, 1850 – June 18, 1904) was an Ottoman Albanian writer, philosopher, playwright and a prominent figure of the Rilindja Kombëtare, the National Renaissance movement of Albania, together with his two brothers Abdyl and Naim.

Naim Frashëri

NaimNaim FrasheriNaim bey Frashëri
Being the eldest brother of Naim Frashëri and Sami Frashëri, Abdyl Frashëri spent his youth to age 18 in his home village and eventually moved to Yannina where he lived for more than 20 years.
Naim and his brothers Abdyl and Sami were born and raised in the village of Frashër at the southern slopes of the Tomorr Mountains.

Janina Vilayet

JaninaVilayet of JaninaYanya Vilayet
He furthermore served as a chosen representative for the Yanya Vilayet in the Ottoman Parliament during the First Constitutional Era, 1876–1877. Abdyl Frashëri was born in 1839 in the village of Frashër in the Vilayet of Janina to a distinguished Muslim Albanian family of Bektashi religious affiliations.
Abdyl Frashëri, the first political ideologue of the Albanian National Awakening was one of the six deputies from Janina Vilayet in the first Ottoman Parliament in 1876–1877.

Frashër

FrasherFrashër region
Abdyl Frashëri was born in 1839 in the village of Frashër in the Vilayet of Janina to a distinguished Muslim Albanian family of Bektashi religious affiliations.

Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings

Istanbul CommitteePrint Society of Albanian Letters
He was founding member of the Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings (1879) that promoted Albanian language publications.
The society was founded by elite members of the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights, led by Sami Frashëri, Abdyl Frashëri, and other Rilindas as Jani Vreto, Pandeli Sotiri, Koto Hoxhi, Pashko Vasa, etc. Its members represented all Albanian territories and all religions.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
His hopes however for an autonomous Albanian state were threatened by Albania's neighbours, including Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, which were supported by the Russian Empire who strongly opposed an Albanian presence in the Balkans.
Ottomans authorities cancelled their assistance when the league, under Abdyl Frashëri, became focused on working toward Albanian autonomy and requested merging four vilayets, including Kosovo, Shkodër, Monastir and Ioannina, into an unified vilayet, the Albanian Vilayet.

Cham Albanians

Cham AlbanianChamChams
Frashëri then became the chairman of the Albanian Committee of Janina with the prominent Cham Albanian leader Abedin Dino as its co-founder.
As a result of the unrest created, led by Abdyl Frashëri, another Albanian national figure, the local Ottoman governor was recalled.

Albanian Committee of Janina

committee
Frashëri then became the chairman of the Albanian Committee of Janina with the prominent Cham Albanian leader Abedin Dino as its co-founder.
Abdyl Frashëri from Përmet, Abedin Dino from Preveza, Mehmet Ali Vrioni from Berat, Vesel Dino from Preveza, and other notable members of the Vilayet's Albanian community.

Iljaz Bej Mirahori

Iljaz HoxhaImrahor Ilyas BeyIliaz Hodja
While their mother Emine Hanım (1814–1861) was descended from Imrahor Ilyas Bey, a distinguished 15th century Ottoman Albanian commander from the Korçë area.
The Frashëri brothers Abdul (1839-1892), Naim (1846-1900) and Sami (1850-1904) were descendants of Ilyas Bey through their mother Emine who was from Korçë.

Abedin Dino

Abedin bey Dino
Frashëri then became the chairman of the Albanian Committee of Janina with the prominent Cham Albanian leader Abedin Dino as its co-founder.
Together with Abdyl Frashëri, Vesel Dino and Mehmet Ali Vrioni he established local League branches of the Albanian Committee of Janina and Assembly of Preveza.

Mid’hat Frashëri

Midhat FrashëriMit'hat FrashëriMit’hat Frashëri
Of all the children, five sons and one daughter, born to Frashëri and Ballkëz, only their third son, Mit’hat Frashëri and their daughter lived.
The son of Abdyl Frashëri, one of the most important activists of the Albanian National Awakening in 1908 he participated in the Congress of Monastir.

Albanian National Awakening

rilindasAlbanian RenaissanceRilindja
Abdyl Dume bey Frashëri (Fraşerli Abdül Bey; 1 June 1839 – 23 October 1892) was an Ottoman Albanian civil servant, politician of the Ottoman Empire and one of the first Albanian political ideologues of the Albanian National Awakening.
In the spring of 1878, influential Albanians in Constantinople—including Abdyl Frashëri, one of the first political ideologues of the National Revival-organized a secret committee to direct the Albanians' resistance.

Albanian Vilayet

AlbaniaOttoman AlbaniaOttoman-controlled Albania
If this unique Albanian vilayet would be realized, it would sanction Albania's borders, and would give Albanians an upper hand in better preparations for the self-defence of their homeland.
The Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights was organization established in the city of Istanbul, Turkey, then Ottoman Empire in 1877 by an influential group of Albanian intellectuals, patriots, and politicians, such as Sami Frashëri, Pashko Vasa, Abdyl Frashëri and many others.

Ymer Prizreni

In 1881 in the founding of the Autonomous interim government that was formed in Prizren in early 1881, headed by Prime minister Ymer Prizreni with Frashëri elected as Minister of its Foreign Affairs.
In the same year he became a member and a founder of the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights (Komiteti Shqiptar i Stambollit) which was formed under the chairmanship of Abdyl Frashëri, whom he was connected for the rest of his life.

Congress of Berlin

Berlin CongressBerlin AgreementBerlin Congress of 1878
The Treaty of San Stefano and later the Berlin Congress triggered profound anxiety among the Albanian population and it spurred their leaders to organize a national defence of the lands they inhabited.

Francesco Crispi

CrispiCrispi governmentCrispi, Francesco
During this time Frashëri corresponded with European leaders like Italian prime minister Francesco Crispi on the Albanian geopolitical question.
Prominent Albanians involved with the Albanian National Awakening such as Abdyl Frashëri and Thimi Mitko corresponded with Crispi over the Albanian question.

Bey

BegbeysBey of the Ottoman Empire
Abdyl Dume bey Frashëri (Fraşerli Abdül Bey; 1 June 1839 – 23 October 1892) was an Ottoman Albanian civil servant, politician of the Ottoman Empire and one of the first Albanian political ideologues of the Albanian National Awakening.

Albanians

AlbanianAlbanian peopleethnic Albanian
Abdyl Dume bey Frashëri (Fraşerli Abdül Bey; 1 June 1839 – 23 October 1892) was an Ottoman Albanian civil servant, politician of the Ottoman Empire and one of the first Albanian political ideologues of the Albanian National Awakening.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
Abdyl Dume bey Frashëri (Fraşerli Abdül Bey; 1 June 1839 – 23 October 1892) was an Ottoman Albanian civil servant, politician of the Ottoman Empire and one of the first Albanian political ideologues of the Albanian National Awakening.

Albanian language

AlbanianAlbAlbanian-speaking
During his lifetime Frashëri endeavoured to instill among Albanians patriotism and a strong identity while promoting a reform program based on Albanian language education and literature.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
He founded the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights in Istanbul.

General Assembly of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman ParliamentGeneral Assemblyparliament
He furthermore served as a chosen representative for the Yanya Vilayet in the Ottoman Parliament during the First Constitutional Era, 1876–1877.