A report on Georgia (country)Colchis and Abkhazia

Colchis and its eastern neighbor Iberia.
Map of Colchis and Iberia by Christoph Cellarius printed in Leipzig in 1706
"Gorgania" i.e. Georgia on Fra Mauro map
Jason and the Argonauts arriving at Colchis. The Argonautica tells the myth of their voyage to retrieve the Golden Fleece. This painting is located in the Palace of Versailles.
The Kingdom of Abkhazia was united through dynastic succession with the newly formed Kingdom of Georgia in 1008 when Bagrat II of Abkhazia became Bagrat III of Georgia.
Second century BC Greek bronze torso from Colchis, Georgian National Museum
Patera depicting Marcus Aurelius uncovered in central Georgia, 2nd century AD
Colchian pendants, riders and horses on wheeled platforms, Georgian National Museum
The borders of the Sukhumi District of the Kutaisi Governorate in 1899 when Abkhazia was part of the Russian Empire.
Northwestern Georgia is home to the medieval defensive Svan towers of Ushguli
Abkhaz and Georgian generals in the Imperial Russian Army, 19th century
Gelati Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Map of the Soviet Caucasus (1957–91) showing the Abkhaz ASSR within the Georgian SSR.
Queen Tamar, the first woman to rule medieval Georgia in her own right.
Georgian Civil War and the War in Abkhazia in August–October 1993
King Vakhtang VI, a Georgian monarch caught between rival regional powers
Exhibition at the 2005 commemoration of the ethnic cleansing in Abkhazia, held on its 12th anniversary in Tbilisi.
The reign of George XII was marked by instability.
Abkhazians carrying the republic's flags in a parade.
Noe Zhordania, Prime Minister of Georgia who was exiled to France after the Soviet takeover
Seaside in Pitsunda, Abkhazia in 2006
The Bolshevik Red Army in Tbilisi on 25 February 1921. Saint David's church on the Holy Mountain is visible in the distance.
Map of Georgia highlighting Abkhazia (green) and South Ossetia (purple).
Georgian Civil War and the War in Abkhazia in August–October 1993
The Russian embassy in Sukhumi
The Rose Revolution, 2003
Dmitry Medvedev (centre, with dark tie) visited the Russian military base in Gudauta in 2010
US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice holding a joint press conference with Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili during the Russo-Georgian war
The leaders of Abkhazia, Russia and South Ossetia, shortly after the 2008 war. Left to right: South Ossetian President Eduard Kokoity; Russian President Dmitry Medvedev; Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov; Abkhazian President Sergei Bagapsh.
Salome Zourabichvili, the first woman elected as president of Georgia
Border checkpoint on the Psou River
Presidential residence at the Orbeliani Palace in Tbilisi
The breakaway republics of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorno-Karabakh within the Caucasus region
Pro-NATO poster in Tbilisi
Abkhazian President Alexander Ankvab with Transnistrian President Yevgeny Shevchuk in September 2013
President of Georgia Salome Zourabichvili, President of Moldova Maia Sandu, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and President of the European Council Charles Michel during the 2021 Batumi International Conference. In 2014, the EU signed Association Agreements with all the three states.
"View of Mount Agepsta and Turyi gory (Tur Mountains) from the top of Kamennyi Stolb, Aibga Ridge.", 2014.
Georgian built Didgori-2 during the military parade in 2011
View from Pitsunda cape
A Ford Taurus Police Interceptor operated by the Georgian Patrol Police.
Logo of the Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Map of Georgia highlighting the disputed territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region (South Ossetia), both of which are outside the control of the central government of Georgia
1) Gagra
2) Gudauta
3) Sukhumi
4) Gulripshi
5) Ochamchira
6) Tkvarcheli
7) Gali
Köppen climate classification map of Georgia
Beach in Gagra in May 2014
Mount Kazbek in eastern Georgia
New Athos monastery in Abkhazia
Svaneti region of Georgia
Russian Drama Theatre. Sukhumi, Abkhazia.
View of the cave city of Vardzia and the valley of the Kura River below
Daur Akhvlediani Stadium, Gagra
Georgia's diverse climate creates varied landscapes, like these flat marshlands in the country's west
Southwest Georgia has a subtropical climate, with frequent rain and thick green vegetation
Georgian Shepherd Dog
GDP per capita development since 1973
A proportional representation of Georgia's exports in 2019
One of several plants operated by HeidelbergCement in Georgia
Wine-making is a traditional component of the Georgian economy.
The most visited ski resort of Georgia, Gudauri
The Georgian Railways represent a vital artery linking the Black Sea and Caspian Sea – the shortest route between Europe and Central Asia.
Port of Batumi
Ethno-linguistic groups in the Caucasus region
Tbilisi State University, Corpus I
Illuminated manuscript from medieval Georgia, showing a scene from nativity
Old Tbilisi – Architecture in Georgia is in many ways a fusion of European and Asian.
Rather than serving food in courses, traditional supras often present all that a host has to offer
Château Mukhrani, one of the centres of Georgia's viticulture in the 19th century, has recently been restored to produce its eponymous wine.
Dinamo Tbilisi, winner of 1981 European Cup Winners' Cup on stamp of Georgia, 2002
Château Mukhrani, one of the centres of Georgia's viticulture in the 19th century, has recently been restored to produce its eponymous wine.

In Greco-Roman geography, Colchis was an exonym for the Georgian polity of Egrisi (ეგრისი) located on the coast of the Black Sea, centered in present-day western Georgia.

- Colchis

Abkhazia ( or ), officially the Republic of Abkhazia, is a partially recognised state in the South Caucasus, recognised by most countries as part of Georgia, which views the region as an autonomous republic.

- Abkhazia

During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia, such as Colchis and Iberia.

- Georgia (country)

Its geography is mostly assigned to what is now the western part of Georgia and encompasses the present-day Georgian provinces of Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha; modern Russia's Sochi and Tuapse districts; and present-day Turkey’s Artvin, Rize, and Trabzon provinces.

- Colchis

For most of the subsequent decade, post-Soviet Georgia suffered from economic crisis, political instability, ethnic conflict, and secessionist wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

- Georgia (country)

Between the 9th and 6th centuries BC, the territory of modern Abkhazia was part of the ancient Georgian kingdom of Colchis.

- Abkhazia

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Satellite image of the Caucasus Mountains

Caucasus Mountains

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The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain range at the intersection of Asia and Europe.

The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain range at the intersection of Asia and Europe.

Satellite image of the Caucasus Mountains
Aishkho Pass, Caucasus Nature Reserve
Khodz river headwaters, Western Caucasus
Mount Elbrus viewed from the south in Kabardino-Balkaria
Komito Mountain in Chechnya
Caucasus Mountains in Svaneti, Georgia
Chaukhi mountain in Khevi, Georgia
A gorge in Dagestan, Russia
Twin-peaked Ushba in Georgia
Mount Shkhara in Georgia
Mount Ararat in Turkey, as viewed from Yerevan, Armenia
Asbestnaya Mount and Acheshbok Mount, Russia
Bolshoy Tkhach Park, Russia

The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, and to the west and east of the Likhi Range lie the Colchis Plain and the Kur-Araz Lowland.

The Javakheti Volcanic Plateau in Georgia and the surrounding volcanic ranges which extend well into central Armenia are some of the youngest features of the region.

Average annual temperature in Sukhumi, Abkhazia at sea level is 15 C while on the slopes of Mt.Kazbek at an elevation of 3700 m, average annual temperature falls to -6.1 C. The northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range are 3 °C (5.4 °F) colder than the southern slopes.