Abortion

abortionsinduced abortionabortabortedtherapeutic abortiontermination of pregnancyabortingelective abortionpregnancy terminationsurgical abortion
Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.wikipedia
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Mifepristone

RU-486RU486RU 486
The drug mifepristone in combination with prostaglandin appears to be as safe and effective as surgery during the first and second trimester of pregnancy. Medical abortion became an alternative method of abortion with the availability of prostaglandin analogs in the 1970s and the antiprogestogen mifepristone (also known as RU-486) in the 1980s.
Mifepristone, also known as RU-486, is a medication typically used in combination with misoprostol to bring about an abortion during pregnancy.

Medical abortion

abortion pillabortionabortion pills
Modern methods use medication or surgery for abortions.
A medical abortion, also known as medication abortion, occurs when pills are used to bring about an abortion.

Late termination of pregnancy

late-term abortionlate-term abortionslate term abortion
A similar procedure after the fetus has potential to survive outside the womb is known as a "late termination of pregnancy" or less accurately as a "late term abortion".
Late termination of pregnancy (also referred to as late-term abortion) describes the termination of pregnancy by induced abortion during a late stage of gestation.

Pregnancy

pregnantfirst trimesterpregnant women
The drug mifepristone in combination with prostaglandin appears to be as safe and effective as surgery during the first and second trimester of pregnancy. Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
A pregnancy may end in a live birth, abortion, or miscarriage, though access to safe abortion care varies globally.

History of abortion

abortionadvertisement of abortion serviceshistorical periods
Historically, abortions have been attempted using herbal medicines, sharp tools, forceful massage, or through other traditional methods.
The practice of abortion—the termination of a pregnancy—has been known since ancient history.

Abortion law

illegal abortionban abortionabortion
Abortion laws and cultural or religious views of abortions are different around the world.
]]Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion.

Unsafe abortion

back-alley abortionunsafe abortionsunsafe
In contrast, unsafe abortions (those performed by unskilled individuals, with hazardous equipment, or in unsanitary facilities) cause 47,000 deaths and 5 million hospital admissions each year.
It includes self-induced abortions, abortions in unhygienic conditions, and abortions performed by a medical practitioner who does not provide appropriate post-abortion attention.

Family planning

family-planningeducation and accessfamily planning clinic
Abortion rates changed little between 2003 and 2008, before which they decreased for at least two decades as access to family planning and birth control increased.
Abortion is not considered a component of family planning, although access to contraception and family planning reduces the need for abortion.

Abortifacient

abortifacients8-month-after pillabortifacent
Historically, abortions have been attempted using herbal medicines, sharp tools, forceful massage, or through other traditional methods.
An abortifacient ("that which will cause a miscarriage" from Latin: abortus "miscarriage" and faciens "making") is a substance that induces abortion.

Abortion debate

abortionmorality of abortionabortion rights
There is debate over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of abortion.
The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion.

Miscarriage

miscarriedspontaneous abortionmiscarriages
An abortion that occurs without intervention is known as a miscarriage or spontaneous abortion.
Some recommend not using the term "abortion" in discussions with those experiencing a miscarriage in an effort to decrease distress.

Abortion-rights movements

pro-choiceabortion rightsabortion
Those who support the legality of abortion often hold that it is part of a woman's right to make decisions about her own body.
Abortion-rights movements, also referred to as pro-choice movements, advocate for legal access to induced abortion services.

Right to life

right-to-lifeliferight to live
Those who oppose abortion often argue that an embryo or fetus is a human with a right to life, and they may compare abortion to murder.
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.

Unintended pregnancy

unintended pregnanciesunplanned pregnancyunwanted pregnancies
Over a third are unintended and about a fifth end in induced abortion.
While unintended pregnancies are the main reason for induced abortions, unintended pregnancies may also result in live births or miscarriages.

Fetal viability

viabilityviableviability of the fetus
Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
The 28-week definition became part of the "trimester framework" marking the point at which the "compelling state interest" (under the doctrine of strict scrutiny) in preserving potential life became possibly controlling, permitting states to freely regulate and even ban abortion after the 28th week.

Intrauterine device

IUDIUDsintrauterine devices
Birth control, such as the pill or intrauterine devices, can be used immediately following abortion.
They may also be used immediately after an abortion.

Abortion in the United Kingdom

abortionAbortion in Northern Ireland1967 Abortion Act
Early medical abortions account for the majority of abortions before 9 weeks gestation in Britain, France, Switzerland, and the Nordic countries.

Foeticide

feticidediscarded beforefetal homicide
A spontaneous abortion can also be caused by accidental trauma; intentional trauma or stress to cause miscarriage is considered induced abortion or feticide.
Foeticide (or feticide) is the act of destroying a fetus or causing an abortion.

Abortion in the United States

abortionabortionsabortion rights
In the United States, the percentage of early medical abortions performed in non-hospital facilities is 31%.
Abortion is among the most controversial and divisive issues in the society, culture and politics of the United States.

Methotrexate

amethopterin(M)'''ethotrexateAbitrexate
The most common early first-trimester medical abortion regimens use mifepristone in combination with misoprostol (or sometimes another prostaglandin analog, gemeprost) up to 10 weeks (70 days) gestational age, methotrexate in combination with a prostaglandin analog up to 7 weeks gestation, or a prostaglandin analog alone.
It is used to treat cancer, autoimmune diseases, ectopic pregnancy, and for medical abortions.

Misoprostol

Cytotecprior induced abortion
The most common early first-trimester medical abortion regimens use mifepristone in combination with misoprostol (or sometimes another prostaglandin analog, gemeprost) up to 10 weeks (70 days) gestational age, methotrexate in combination with a prostaglandin analog up to 7 weeks gestation, or a prostaglandin analog alone.
Misoprostol, sold under the brandname Cytotec among others, is a medication used to prevent and treat stomach ulcers, start labor, cause an abortion, and treat postpartum bleeding due to poor contraction of the uterus.

Birth control

contraceptioncontraceptivecontraceptives
Birth control, such as the pill or intrauterine devices, can be used immediately following abortion.
They may also be used immediately after an abortion.

Fundal massage

forceful massageuterine massage
Historically, abortions have been attempted using herbal medicines, sharp tools, forceful massage, or through other traditional methods.
Fundal massage, also called uterine massage, is a technique used to reduce bleeding and cramping of the uterus after childbirth or after an abortion.

Preterm birth

Pretermpremature birthpremature
A pregnancy that ends before 37 weeks of gestation resulting in a live-born infant is a "premature birth" or a "preterm birth".
The limit of viability has also become a factor in the abortion debate.

Prostaglandin analogue

prostaglandin analogsanalogprostaglandin analog
Medical abortion became an alternative method of abortion with the availability of prostaglandin analogs in the 1970s and the antiprogestogen mifepristone (also known as RU-486) in the 1980s.
Wider use of prostaglandin analogues is limited by unwanted side effects and their abortive potential.