Abraham-Louis Breguet

Breguet
Abraham-Louis Breguet (10 January 1747 – 17 September 1823), born in Neuchâtel, then a Prussian principality, was a horologist who made many innovations in the course of a career in watchmaking in France.wikipedia
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Breguet (brand)

BreguetBreguet S. A.Breguet" company
He is the founder of the Breguet company, which is now the luxury watch division of the Swiss Swatch Group. He and his bride, Cécile Marie-Louise L'Huillier, set up their home and the Breguet watchmaking company; its first known address was at 51, quai de l'Horloge in the Île de la Cité in Paris (by the 1920s this location was designated as #39).
Breguet is a luxury watch manufacturer founded by Abraham-Louis Breguet in Paris, France, in 1775.

John Arnold (watchmaker)

John ArnoldJohn Arnold (1736–1799)
Alongside his friend and contemporary John Arnold, Breguet is now widely acknowledged as one of the greatest horologists of all time.
With regard to his legacy, one can say that both he and Abraham-Louis Breguet largely invented the modern mechanical watch.

Tourbillon

tourbillion
Breguet invented innovative escapements, including the tourbillon, automatic winding mechanisms, and the overcoil (an improvement of the balance spring with a raised outer coil).
Developed around 1795 and patented by the French-Swiss watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet on June 26, 1801, a tourbillon aims to counter the effects of gravity by mounting the escapement and balance wheel in a rotating cage, to negate the effect of gravity when the timepiece (thus the escapement) is stuck in a certain position.

Exposition des produits de l'industrie française

1849 Paris Expositionexposition des produits de l’industrie françaiseIndustrial Exposition
At the 1798 Exposition des produits de l'industrie française Breguet was given an honorable distinction, the highest award, for "a free escapement with constant force, applicable to the improvement of both astronomical clocks and longitude clocks. This clock has the very singular effect of resetting the time in a watch."
Abraham-Louis Breguet: a clock with free escapement.

Automatic watch

automaticself-windingself-winding watch
Through his role as tutor to the dukes of Angoulême and de Berri, Abbé Marie was able to arrange for Breguet to be introduced to King Louis XVI of France, and the king's interest in mechanics led to many royal commissions for the rising watchmaker, including a perpetuelle (self-winding watch), with which the king was especially pleased.
In 1777 Abraham-Louis Breguet also became interested in the idea and his first attempts led him to make a self-winding mechanism with a barrel remontoire.

Louis-François-Clement Breguet

BreguetLouis BreguetL. F. Breguet
After Antoine-Louis retired in 1833 (he died in 1858) the business continued under Abraham-Louis' grandson Louis François Clément Breguet (1804–1883); his great-grandson Louis Antoine (1851–1882) was the last of the Breguet family to run the business.
Educated in Switzerland, Breguet was the grandson of Abraham-Louis Breguet, founder of the watch manufacturing company Breguet.

Abraham-Louis Perrelet

He met Abraham-Louis Perrelet in Switzerland and became a Master Clockmaker in 1784.
Perrelet sold some of his watches to a contemporary watchmaking luminary, Abraham-Louis Breguet around 1780, who improved upon the mechanism in his own version of the design, calling his watches "perpetuelles", the French word for perpetual.

Neuchâtel

NeuenburgNeuchâtel, SwitzerlandNeufchâtel
Abraham-Louis Breguet (10 January 1747 – 17 September 1823), born in Neuchâtel, then a Prussian principality, was a horologist who made many innovations in the course of a career in watchmaking in France.
Abraham Louis Breguet, the founder of the Breguet watch company and an esteemed inventor, often regarded as the father of modern horology.

Marie Antoinette (watch)

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette" (No. 160)Marie-Antoinette pocket watch
Legend has it that it was the ill-fated French queen herself who commissioned Breguet's masterpiece, the "Marie Antoinette" (No.
The Breguet No. 160 grand complication, more commonly known as the Marie-Antoinette or the Queen, is a case watch designed by Swiss watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet.

Louis Moinet

Breguet met another watchmaker Louis Moinet, recognised his worth at once, and the two men worked closely together.
When Moinet met Abraham-Louis Breguet, the latter was already quite famous.

Echappement naturel

double chronometer
1802 Invented the echappement naturel, a double-escape wheeled chronometer escapement that needed no oil.
The échappement naturel was the invention of Abraham Louis Breguet, one of the most eminent watchmakers of all time.

David Lionel Goldsmid-Stern-Salomons

David Lionel SalomonsSir David Lionel SalomonsDavid Salomons
The "Marie Antoinette" remained in the possession of the Breguet company until it was sold to Sir Spencer Brunton in 1887, eventually finding its way into the collection of Breguet expert David Lionel Goldsmid-Stern-Salomons in the 1920s.
In addition to his many other achievements, he developed a lifelong passion for horology and became the leading authority in his lifetime on the work of the famed Swiss-French watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet, who is generally acknowledged as the greatest watchmaker of all time.

George Daniels (watchmaker)

George DanielsDr. George Daniels, MBE
In 1980, British master horologist George Daniels (widely regarded as the most important watchmaker since Breguet) catalogued the Breguet watches and clocks in the museum, and published a study on them.
Becoming interested in the works of the notable early 19th-century French watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet, he soon became the 1960s' leading expert on Breguet and was often involved in advising on his work.

The Museum for Islamic Art, Jerusalem

The Museum for Islamic Art
After Salomons' death in 1925, his daughter Vera donated 57 of his best Breguet pieces, including the "Marie Antoinette" and a "Sympathiques" clock to the L.A. Mayer Institute for Islamic Art in Jerusalem, which was founded by her brother.
Among the stolen timepieces was the watch known as the "Marie Antoinette", the so-called "Mona Lisa" of watches, and the crown jewel of the watch collection, made by the famed French-Swiss watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet reputedly for Queen Marie Antoinette, and estimated to be worth US$30 million.

Jean-Antoine Lépine

Lépine
1783 Designed the apple-shaped (aiguilles à pomme) hands, known as 'Breguet' hands. These hollow, eccentric "moon" tip hands are a variant of the hands first used by Jean-Antoine Lépine, the only difference is that Lépine's hands were not eccentric. Since their invention, Breguet hands have graced watch and clock dials alike until today.
Along with Ferdinand Berthoud Lépine was master of Breguet.

Prussia

PrussianPrussian statePrussian army
Abraham-Louis Breguet (10 January 1747 – 17 September 1823), born in Neuchâtel, then a Prussian principality, was a horologist who made many innovations in the course of a career in watchmaking in France.

John Calvin

CalvinJean CalvinCalvinist
One of his famous ancestors was Jean Breguet (who died in 1593) a Protestant pastor in Neuchâtel very much influenced by the ideas of John Calvin.

Swiss made

SwissSwiss watchSwiss watchmaking industry
He is the founder of the Breguet company, which is now the luxury watch division of the Swiss Swatch Group.

The Swatch Group

Swatch GroupSwatch Group USAThe Swatch Group Ltd.
He is the founder of the Breguet company, which is now the luxury watch division of the Swiss Swatch Group.

Collège des Quatre-Nations

Collège Mazarincollège des Quatre NationsCollège Mazirin
The young Breguet soon "astonished" his master with his aptitude and intelligence, and to further his education he took evening classes in mathematics at the Collège Mazarin under Abbé Marie, who became a friend and mentor to the young watchmaker.

Louis XVI of France

Louis XVIKing Louis XVIKing
Through his role as tutor to the dukes of Angoulême and de Berri, Abbé Marie was able to arrange for Breguet to be introduced to King Louis XVI of France, and the king's interest in mechanics led to many royal commissions for the rising watchmaker, including a perpetuelle (self-winding watch), with which the king was especially pleased.

Île de la Cité

Place DauphinePlace de Notre-Dame de Paris
He and his bride, Cécile Marie-Louise L'Huillier, set up their home and the Breguet watchmaking company; its first known address was at 51, quai de l'Horloge in the Île de la Cité in Paris (by the 1920s this location was designated as #39).

Rue de la Paix, Paris

rue de la Paix7 Rue de la Paix9 Rue de la Paix
The firm later moved to Rue de la Paix and in the early 20th century to 2, rue Édouard-VII.

Escapement

detent escapementCross-beat escapementduplex escapements
Breguet invented innovative escapements, including the tourbillon, automatic winding mechanisms, and the overcoil (an improvement of the balance spring with a raised outer coil).

Marie Antoinette

Marie-AntoinetteQueen Marie AntoinetteQueen Marie-Antoinette
Within ten years Breguet had commissions from the aristocratic families of France and even the French queen, Marie-Antoinette.