Abstinence

abstinentabstainingabstainabstainerabstain from sexabstainedabstemiousabstentionabstinence from alcoholabstinence from other drugs
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure.wikipedia
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Fasting and abstinence in the Catholic Church

fastingfasting and abstinencefast
Catholics distinguish between fasting and abstinence; the former referring to the discipline of taking one full meal a day, and the latter signifying the discipline of eating no meat (fish is allowed).
The Catholic Church historically observes the disciplines of fasting and abstinence at various times each year.

Ash Wednesday

ashesAsh-WednesdayNational No Smoking Day
Also, Catholic Christians abstain from food and drink for an hour prior to taking Holy Communion, and abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and on Fridays during Lent.
In the Roman Catholic Church, Ash Wednesday is observed by fasting, abstinence from meat, and repentance – a day of contemplating one's transgressions.

Sexual abstinence

abstinenceabstainnot having sex
Most frequently, the term refers to sexual abstinence, or abstinence from alcohol, drugs, or food.
Kinsey believed that abstinence was a sexual dysfunction: "The only kinds of sexual dysfunction are abstinence, celibacy and delayed marriage."

Asceticism

asceticasceticsascetical
Abstinence may arise from an ascetic over indulgent, hasidic point of view in natural ways of procreation, present in most faiths, or from a subjective need for spiritual discipline.

Premarital sex

pre-marital sexpremaritalsex before marriage
In both Christianity and Islam, amongst others, pre-marital sex is prohibited.
Individual views within a given society can vary greatly, with expectations ranging from total abstinence to frequent casual sex.

Seventh-day Adventist Church

Seventh-day AdventistSeventh-day AdventistsAdventist
The Seventh-day Adventist Church encourages the consumption of only clean meats as specified in Leviticus and strongly discourages the consumption of alcohol, smoking, and the use of narcotics.
Adventists believe in and encourage abstinence for both men and women before marriage.

Pleasure

pleasantpleasurablerewarding
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure.

Alcohol (drug)

alcoholdrinkingdrink
Most frequently, the term refers to sexual abstinence, or abstinence from alcohol, drugs, or food.

Food

foodsfoodstufffood products
Most frequently, the term refers to sexual abstinence, or abstinence from alcohol, drugs, or food.

Repression (psychology)

repressionrepressedpsychological repression
Because the regimen is intended to be a conscious act, freely chosen to enhance life, abstinence is sometimes distinguished from the psychological mechanism of repression.

Jews

JewishJewJewish people
For Jews, the principal day of fast is Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonementthe Day of AtonementErev Yom Kippur
For Jews, the principal day of fast is Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.

Muslims

MuslimMoslemMoslems
For Muslims, the period of fasting lasts during the whole month of Ramadan, from dawn to dusk.

Ramadan

RamadhanRamzanRamazan
For Muslims, the period of fasting lasts during the whole month of Ramadan, from dawn to dusk.

Pork

pig meatpigporc
Both Jews and Muslims abstain from pork in their regular diet.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
Also, Catholic Christians abstain from food and drink for an hour prior to taking Holy Communion, and abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and on Fridays during Lent.

Eucharist

Holy CommunioncommunionLord's Supper
Also, Catholic Christians abstain from food and drink for an hour prior to taking Holy Communion, and abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and on Fridays during Lent.

Lent

LentenLenten seasonOculi
Also, Catholic Christians abstain from food and drink for an hour prior to taking Holy Communion, and abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and on Fridays during Lent.

Traditionalist Catholicism

Traditionalist CatholicTraditionalist Catholicstraditionalist
Many Traditionalist Catholics abstain from eating meat all Fridays in the year.

Anglican Communion

AnglicanAnglican ChurchAnglicans
In the Anglican Communion, the Book of Common Prayer prescribes certain days as days for fasting and abstinence, "consisting of the 40 days of Lent, the ember days, the three rogation days (the Monday to Wednesday following the Sunday after Ascension Day), and all Fridays in the year (except Christmas, if it falls on a Friday)."

Book of Common Prayer

Prayer BookThe Book of Common Prayer1662 Book of Common Prayer
In the Anglican Communion, the Book of Common Prayer prescribes certain days as days for fasting and abstinence, "consisting of the 40 days of Lent, the ember days, the three rogation days (the Monday to Wednesday following the Sunday after Ascension Day), and all Fridays in the year (except Christmas, if it falls on a Friday)."

Protestantism

ProtestantProtestantsProtestant church
Some Protestants, especially Methodists and Baptists, have preferred to abstain from drinking alcohol and the use of tobacco.

Methodism

MethodistMethodist ChurchMethodists
Some Protestants, especially Methodists and Baptists, have preferred to abstain from drinking alcohol and the use of tobacco.

Baptists

BaptistBaptist ChurchBaptist minister
Some Protestants, especially Methodists and Baptists, have preferred to abstain from drinking alcohol and the use of tobacco.

Mormons

MormonLDSMormon community
Mormons abstain from certain foods and drinks by combining spiritual discipline with health concerns.