Abstract (summary)

Doctoral ceremony at Leiden University, Netherlands (7 July 1721).

Brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.

- Abstract (summary)
Doctoral ceremony at Leiden University, Netherlands (7 July 1721).

7 related topics

Alpha

A table of contents

Table of contents

List, usually found on a page before the start of a written work, of its chapter or section titles or brief descriptions with their commencing page numbers.

List, usually found on a page before the start of a written work, of its chapter or section titles or brief descriptions with their commencing page numbers.

A table of contents

Within an English-language book, the table of contents usually appears after the title page, copyright notices, and, in technical journals, the abstract; and before any lists of tables or figures, the foreword, and the preface.

Doctoral ceremony at Leiden University, Netherlands (7 July 1721).

Thesis

Document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.

Document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.

Doctoral ceremony at Leiden University, Netherlands (7 July 1721).
Cover page to Søren Kierkegaard's university thesis (1841).
The cover of the thesis presented by Claude Bernard to obtain his Doctorate of Medicine (1843).
Cover page of a licentiate dissertation in Sweden

An ordinary monograph has a title page, an abstract, a table of contents, comprising the various chapters like introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and bibliography or more usually a references section.

First page, introduction to In Flanders Fields

Introduction (writing)

Essay, article, or book, an introduction is a beginning section which states the purpose and goals of the following writing.

Essay, article, or book, an introduction is a beginning section which states the purpose and goals of the following writing.

First page, introduction to In Flanders Fields

In a book of technical writing, the introduction may include one or more standard subsections: abstract or summary, preface, acknowledgments, and foreword.

Conference on medicament-assisted rehabilitation in Oslo, Norway

Academic conference

Event for researchers (not necessarily academics) to present and discuss their work.

Event for researchers (not necessarily academics) to present and discuss their work.

Conference on medicament-assisted rehabilitation in Oslo, Norway
Presentations form the core of most conferences
Panel discussions are intended to bring multiple perspectives on a topic
Presentations may be Plenary sessions designed for all attendees (shown here) or breakout sections designed for smaller groups.
Larger conferences may have exhibits and displays for participants between sessions

It describes the broad theme and lists the meeting's topics and formalities such as what kind of abstract (summary) or paper has to be submitted, to whom, and by what deadline.

An SQL select statement and its result

Bibliographic database

Individual's bibliographic references, see Reference management software

Individual's bibliographic references, see Reference management software

An SQL select statement and its result

In contrast to library catalogue entries, a large proportion of the bibliographic records in bibliographic databases describe articles, conference papers, etc., rather than complete monographs, and they generally contain very rich subject descriptions in the form of keywords, subject classification terms, or abstracts.

Fish for sale in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with a price tag of 395 Bangladeshi taka per kilogram.

Executive summary

Short document or section of a document produced for business purposes.

Short document or section of a document produced for business purposes.

Fish for sale in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with a price tag of 395 Bangladeshi taka per kilogram.

It differs from an abstract in that an abstract will usually be shorter and is typically intended as an overview or orientation rather than being a condensed version of the full document.

A video abstract accompanying a journal article. An example extracted from New Journal of Physics.

Video abstract

A video abstract accompanying a journal article. An example extracted from New Journal of Physics.

A video abstract is the motion picture equivalent of a written abstract.