Academic degree

degreedegreesuniversity degreecollege degreegraduateuniversity degreesadvanced degreedegree programdegree programsacademic
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university.wikipedia
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Higher education

higher learninghigherHigher Education Institution
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university.
Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree.

College

collegescollegiateacademic unit
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university.
A college may be a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate or federal university, an institution offering vocational education, or a secondary school.

University

universitiescollegecomprehensive university
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university.
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

Undergraduate degree

undergraduatefirst degreeundergraduate degrees
The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor's degree, although in some countries there are lower level higher education qualifications that are also titled degrees (e.g. associate degrees and foundation degrees).
An undergraduate degree (also called first degree or simply degree) is a colloquial term for an academic degree earned by a person who has completed undergraduate courses.

Doctorate

doctoraldoctoral degreedoctorate degree
These institutions commonly offer degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor's, master's and doctorates, often alongside other academic certificates and professional degrees. However, while the licentia continued to hold a higher prestige than the bachelor's degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately reduced to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching.
A doctorate (from Latin docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree, is an academic degree awarded by universities, derived from the ancient formalism licentia docendi ("licence to teach").

Ijazah

ijazaijaza-t al-tadris wa-l-iftaijazas
George Makdisi theorizes that the ijazah issued in medieval Islamic madrasas in the 9th century was the origin of the doctorate that later appeared in medieval European universities.
George Makdisi theorized that the ijazah was the origin of the university academic degree as well as the doctorate.

University of Wales, Lampeter

St David's College, LampeterSt David's CollegeSt David's University College
Among educational institutions, St David's College, Lampeter was granted limited degree awarding powers by royal charter in the nineteenth century, despite not being a university.
Founded in 1822, and given its royal charter in 1828, it is the oldest degree awarding institution in Wales, with degree awarding powers since 1822, and the fourth oldest institution of higher learning in England and Wales after the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham (founded as a university in 1832).

Lambeth degree

LambethLambeth degreesLambeth doctorate
In Great Britain, Lambeth Degrees are still awarded by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
A Lambeth degree is an academic degree conferred by the Archbishop of Canterbury under the authority of the Ecclesiastical Licences Act 1533 (25 Hen VIII c 21) (Eng) as successor of the papal legate in England.

Bachelor of Science

B.S.BSBSc
Common abbreviations include BA and MA for Bachelor and Master of Arts, BS/BSc and MS/MSc for Bachelor and Master of Science, MD for Doctor of Medicine and PhD for Doctor of Philosophy.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc. or BSc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.

University of Paris

SorbonneParisLa Sorbonne
This right remained a bone of contention between the church authorities and the slowly emancipating universities, but was granted by the Pope to the University of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to teach (licentia ubique docendi). The University of Paris used the term "master" for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as well as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.
At this period, therefore, the university had two principal degrees, the baccalaureate and the doctorate.

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

MBBSMB ChBBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Medical Degree – Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Dental Degree – Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), Computer Application Degree – Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) and Master of Computer Application (MCA).
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or in Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (abbreviated in many ways, e.g. MBBS, MB ChB, MB BCh, MB BChir (Cantab), BM BCh (Oxon), BMBS), are the two first professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom.

Bachelor of Engineering

B.E.BEngBE
The engineering degree in India follows two nomenclatures, Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.).
A Bachelor of Engineering (abbreviated as B.E., B.Eng. or B.A.I. in Latin form) is a first professional undergraduate academic degree awarded to a student after three to five years of studying engineering at an accredited university.

Post-nominal letters

post-nominalpostnominalpost-nominals
Depending on culture and the degree earned, degrees may be indicated by a pre-nominal title, post-nominal letters, a choice of either or not indicated at all.

Doctor of Medicine

M.D.MDmedical degree
Common abbreviations include BA and MA for Bachelor and Master of Arts, BS/BSc and MS/MSc for Bachelor and Master of Science, MD for Doctor of Medicine and PhD for Doctor of Philosophy.
In 1703, the University of Glasgow's first medical graduate, Samuel Benion, was issued with the academic degree of Doctor of Medicine.

Bachelor of Technology

B.TechB.Tech.BTech
The engineering degree in India follows two nomenclatures, Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.).
(Hons.)''') is an undergraduate academic degree conferred after completion of a three-year, a four-year or even a five-year (such as in Nigeria) program of studies at an accredited university or accredited university-level institution.

Distance education

distance learningcorrespondence courseonline education
An online degree is an academic degree (usually a college degree, but sometimes the term includes high school diplomas and non-degree certificate programs) that can be earned primarily or entirely on a distance learning basis through the use of an Internet-connected computer, rather than attending college in a traditional campus setting.
The issue soon boiled down to which institutions had degree-granting powers and which institutions did not.

Diplom

VordiplomDipl.-Ing.diploma
Traditionally in Germany, students graduated after four to six years either with a Magister degree in Social Sciences, Humanities, Linguistics and the Arts or with a Diplom degree in Natural Sciences, Economics, Business Administration, Political Science, Sociology, Theology and Engineering.
A Diplom (, from diploma) is an academic degree in the German-speaking countries Germany, Austria, and Switzerland and a similarly named degree in some other European countries including Bulgaria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine and only for engineers in France, Greece, Hungary, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, and Brazil.

Engineer's degree

engineering degreeIngIng.
There are also 5 year (300 ECTS credits) engineer's degrees, which are master's degree.
An engineer's degree is an advanced academic degree in engineering that is conferred in Europe, some countries of Latin America, North Africa and a few institutions in the United States.

Magister degree

Magistermag.art.Magister's degree
Traditionally in Germany, students graduated after four to six years either with a Magister degree in Social Sciences, Humanities, Linguistics and the Arts or with a Diplom degree in Natural Sciences, Economics, Business Administration, Political Science, Sociology, Theology and Engineering. However, while the licentia continued to hold a higher prestige than the bachelor's degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately reduced to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching.
A magister degree (also magistar, female form: magistra; from magister, "teacher") is an academic degree used in various systems of higher education.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
The University of Paris used the term "master" for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as well as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.
Higher education students normally attend university from age 18 onwards, where they study for an academic degree.

Pre-nominal letters

prenominalpre-nominalpre-nominal title
Depending on culture and the degree earned, degrees may be indicated by a pre-nominal title, post-nominal letters, a choice of either or not indicated at all.
In some Continental European countries all academic degrees were traditionally pre-nominal.

Madrasa

madrasahmadrassamedrese
George Makdisi theorizes that the ijazah issued in medieval Islamic madrasas in the 9th century was the origin of the doctorate that later appeared in medieval European universities.
According to the Sunni scholar [[Ibn Asakir|]] in the 12th century, there were opportunities for female education in the medieval Islamic world, writing that women could study, earn ijazahs (academic degrees), and qualify as scholars and teachers.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
Studies in what once was called philosophy are now classified as sciences and humanities.
In modern times, many professional scientists are trained in an academic setting and upon completion, attain an academic degree, with the highest degree being a doctorate such as a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Doctor of Medicine (MD), or Doctor of Engineering (DEng).

Academic certificate

certificatecertificatesundergraduate certificate
These institutions commonly offer degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor's, master's and doctorates, often alongside other academic certificates and professional degrees.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
Traditionally in Germany, students graduated after four to six years either with a Magister degree in Social Sciences, Humanities, Linguistics and the Arts or with a Diplom degree in Natural Sciences, Economics, Business Administration, Political Science, Sociology, Theology and Engineering.
An economist is a person using economic concepts and data in the course of employment, or someone who has earned a degree in the subject.