Academic journal

journaljournalsacademic journalsscholarly journalpeer-reviewed journalpeer-reviewed journalsresearch journalscholarly journalslearned journalpeer-reviewed
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.wikipedia
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Outline of academic disciplines

academic disciplineacademic disciplinesdiscipline
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
A scholar's discipline is commonly defined by the university faculties and learned societies to which he or she belongs and the academic journals in which he or she publishes research.

Research

researcherresearchersoriginal research
Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews.
The degree of originality of the research is among major criteria for articles to be published in academic journals and usually established by means of peer review.

Periodical literature

periodicalperiodicalsperiodical publication
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
Other examples of periodicals are newsletters, literary magazines (literary journals), academic journals (including scientific journals), science magazines, yearbooks and comic books.

Journal des sçavans

Journal des savantsJournal de Savantssçavans
The first academic journal was Journal des sçavans (January 1665), followed soon after by Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (March 1665), and Mémoires de l'Académie des Sciences (1666).
The Journal des sçavans (later renamed Journal des savans and then Journal des savants), established by Denis de Sallo, was the earliest academic journal published in Europe.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed. In the natural sciences and in the social sciences, the impact factor is an established proxy, measuring the number of later articles citing articles already published in the journal.
Social science disciplines are defined and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned social science societies and academic departments or faculties to which their practitioners belong.

Review article

review journalreview articlesreview
Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews.
Review articles in academic journals analyze or discuss research previously published by others, rather than reporting new experimental results.

Science (journal)

ScienceScience MagazineScience'' magazine
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

Electronic journal

e-journalonline journale-journals
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Electronic journals, also known as ejournals, e-journals, and electronic serials, are scholarly journals or intellectual magazines that can be accessed via electronic transmission.

Postmodern Culture

Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Postmodern Culture is an electronic academic journal established in 1990.

Mega journal

megajournalmega journals
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
A mega journal (also mega-journal and megajournal) is a peer-reviewed academic open access journal designed to be much larger than a traditional journal by exercising low selectivity among accepted articles.

Impact factor

journal impact factorimpact factorshigh-impact
In the natural sciences and in the social sciences, the impact factor is an established proxy, measuring the number of later articles citing articles already published in the journal. Several other metrics are also used, including the SCImago Journal Rank, CiteScore, Eigenfactor, and Altmetrics. Clarivate Analytics' Journal Citation Reports, which among other features, computes an impact factor for academic journals, draws data for computation from the Science Citation Index Expanded (for natural science journals), and from the Social Sciences Citation Index (for social science journals).
The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a measure reflecting the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in that journal.

Proceedings

conference proceedingsproceedingconference proceeding
4) report on the proceedings and censures of both secular and ecclesiastical courts, as well as those of Universities both in France and outside.
In many fields, they are published as supplements to academic journals; in others they may be considered grey literature.

ArXiv

arXiv.orgarXiv.org e-print archivesnarXiv
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Mathematicians and scientists regularly upload their papers to arXiv.org for worldwide access and sometimes for reviews before they are published in peer-reviewed journals.

Scientific journal

journalmathematics journalscientific journals
Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed.
Academic journal

Journal ranking

rankingjournal metricsjournal rank
Though it did not prevent ESF and some national organizations from proposing journal rankings, it largely prevented their use as evaluation tools.
Journal ranking is widely used in academic circles in the evaluation of an academic journal's impact and quality.

Open peer review

public peer reviewopen peer-reviewopen peer-reviewed
Though these reports are generally confidential, some journals and publishers also practice public peer review.
Open peer review is a process in which names of peer reviewers of papers submitted to academic journals are disclosed to the authors of the papers in question.

Preprint

preprint serverpre-printpreprint version
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
In some branches of physics, the arXiv database may serve as a focal point for the many criticisms made of the peer review process and peer-reviewed journals.

SCImago Journal Rank

SCImagoSJRSCImago Country & Journal Rankings
Several other metrics are also used, including the SCImago Journal Rank, CiteScore, Eigenfactor, and Altmetrics.
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR indicator) is a measure of scientific influence of scholarly journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar Citationsaimed at the academic communityGoogle Scholar Effect
Individual articles are subject-indexed in databases such as Google Scholar.
Released in beta in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online academic journals and books, conference papers, theses and dissertations, preprints, abstracts, technical reports, and other scholarly literature, including court opinions and patents.

Open access

open-accessopen access journalopen access journals
Currently, there is a movement in higher education encouraging open access, either via self archiving, whereby the author deposits a paper in a disciplinary or institutional repository where it can be searched for and read, or via publishing it in a free open access journal, which does not charge for subscriptions, being either subsidized or financed by a publication fee.
Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.

Journal Citation Reports

JCRJCR databaseJournal Citation Report
Clarivate Analytics' Journal Citation Reports, which among other features, computes an impact factor for academic journals, draws data for computation from the Science Citation Index Expanded (for natural science journals), and from the Social Sciences Citation Index (for social science journals).
It provides information about academic journals in the natural sciences and social sciences, including impact factors.

Institutional repository

institutional repositoriesrepositoryrepositories
Currently, there is a movement in higher education encouraging open access, either via self archiving, whereby the author deposits a paper in a disciplinary or institutional repository where it can be searched for and read, or via publishing it in a free open access journal, which does not charge for subscriptions, being either subsidized or financed by a publication fee.
For a university, this includes materials such as monographs, eprints of academic journal articles—both before (preprints) and after (postprints) undergoing peer review—as well as electronic theses and dissertations.

Social Sciences Citation Index

SSCIISI Social Science Citation IndexISI: Social Sciences Citation Index
Clarivate Analytics' Journal Citation Reports, which among other features, computes an impact factor for academic journals, draws data for computation from the Science Citation Index Expanded (for natural science journals), and from the Social Sciences Citation Index (for social science journals).
The SSCI citation database covers some 3,000 of the world's leading academic journals in the social sciences across more than 50 disciplines.

Predatory open-access publishing

predatory open access publishingpredatory open-access publisherspredatory journals
The much lower entry cost of on-line publishing has also raised concerns of an increase in publication of "junk" journals with lower publishing standards.
Predatory open-access publishing is an exploitative open-access academic publishing business model that involves charging publication fees to authors without providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals (open access or not).

Nature (journal)

NatureNature MagazineNature Astronomy
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Nature is edited and published in the United Kingdom by a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature that publishes academic journals, magazines, online databases, and services in science and medicine.