Academic journal

journaljournalsacademic journalsscholarly journalpeer-reviewed journalpeer-reviewed journalsresearch journalscholarly journalslearned journalpeer-reviewed
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.wikipedia
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Outline of academic disciplines

academic disciplineacademic disciplinesList of academic disciplines
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
A scholar's discipline is commonly defined by the university faculties and learned societies to which they belong and the academic journals in which they publish research.

Periodical literature

periodicalperiodicalsperiodical publication
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
Other examples of periodicals are newsletters, academic journals and yearbooks.

Research

researcherresearchersoriginal research
Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews.
The degree of originality of the research is among major criteria for articles to be published in academic journals and usually established by means of peer review.

Journal des sçavans

Journal des savantsJournal des ScavansJournal de Savants
The first academic journal was Journal des sçavans (January 1665), followed soon after by Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (March 1665), and Mémoires de l'Académie des Sciences (1666).
The Journal des sçavans (later renamed Journal des savans and then Journal des savants), established by Denis de Sallo, was the earliest academic journal published in Europe.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed. In the natural sciences and in the social sciences, the impact factor is an established proxy, measuring the number of later articles citing articles already published in the journal.
Social science disciplines are defined and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned social science societies and academic departments or faculties to which their practitioners belong.

Review article

review journalreview articlesreview
Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews.
Review articles in academic journals analyze or discuss research previously published by others, rather than reporting new experimental results.

Nature (journal)

NatureNature MagazineNature News
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
It is one of the most recognizable scientific journals in the world, and was ranked the world's most cited scientific journal by the Science Edition of the 2010 Journal Citation Reports and is ascribed an impact factor of 43.070, making it one of the world's top academic journals.

Science (journal)

ScienceScience MagazineScience'' magazine
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

Electronic journal

online journale-journale-journals
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Electronic journals, also known as ejournals, e-journals, and electronic serials, are scholarly journals or intellectual magazines that can be accessed via electronic transmission.

Postmodern Culture

Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Postmodern Culture is an electronic academic journal established in 1990.

Mega journal

megajournalmega journals
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
A mega journal (also mega-journal and megajournal) is a peer-reviewed academic open access journal designed to be much larger than a traditional journal by exercising low selectivity among accepted articles.

Impact factor

impactjournal impact factorimpact factors
In the natural sciences and in the social sciences, the impact factor is an established proxy, measuring the number of later articles citing articles already published in the journal. Clarivate Analytics' Journal Citation Reports, which among other features, computes an impact factor for academic journals, draws data for computation from the Science Citation Index Expanded (for natural science journals), and from the Social Sciences Citation Index (for social science journals).
The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a scientometric index that reflects the yearly average number of citations that recent articles published in a given journal received.

Discipline (academia)

academic disciplinedisciplinesdiscipline
In each academic discipline, there are dominant journals that receive the largest number of submissions, and therefore can be selective in choosing their content.
Disciplines are defined (in part), and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned societies and academic departments or faculties within colleges and universities to which their practitioners belong.

Open peer review

public peer reviewopen peer-reviewopen peer-reviewed
Though these reports are generally confidential, some journals and publishers also practice public peer review.
Open peer review is a process in which names of peer reviewers of papers submitted to academic journals are disclosed to the authors of the papers in question.

Proceedings

conference proceedingsproceedingconference proceeding
In many fields, they are published as supplements to academic journals; in others they may be considered grey literature.

Journal ranking

journal metricsJournal-level metricsH5-index
Though it did not prevent ESF and some national organizations from proposing journal rankings, it largely prevented their use as evaluation tools.
Journal ranking is widely used in academic circles in the evaluation of an academic journal's impact and quality.

ArXiv

arXiv.orgArXiv.org e-print archivearXiv id
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
Mathematicians and scientists regularly upload their papers to arXiv.org for worldwide access and sometimes for reviews before they are published in peer-reviewed journals.

CiteScore

Several other metrics are also used, including the SCImago Journal Rank, CiteScore, Eigenfactor, and Altmetrics.
CiteScore (CS) of an academic journal is a measure reflecting the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in that journal.

Scientific journal

journalmathematics journalscientific journals
Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed.

SCImago Journal Rank

SCImagoSCImago Journal & Country RankSJR
Several other metrics are also used, including the SCImago Journal Rank, CiteScore, Eigenfactor, and Altmetrics.
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR indicator) is a measure of scientific influence of scholarly journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from.

Preprint

preprintspreprint serverpre-print
Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of arXiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
In some branches of physics, the arXiv database may serve as a focal point for the many criticisms made of the peer review process and peer-reviewed journals.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar Citationsaimed at the academic communityGoogle Scholar and academic libraries
Individual articles are subject-indexed in databases such as Google Scholar.
Released in beta in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online academic journals and books, conference papers, theses and dissertations, preprints, abstracts, technical reports, and other scholarly literature, including court opinions and patents.

Internet Archaeology

Some of the smallest, most specialized journals are prepared in-house, by an academic department, and published only online – such form of publication has sometimes been in the blog format though some, like the open access journal Internet Archaeology, use the medium to embed searchable datasets, 3D models, and interactive mapping.
Internet Archaeology is an academic journal and one of the first fully peer-reviewed electronic journals covering archaeology.

Open access

open-accessopen access journalopen-access journal
Some of the smallest, most specialized journals are prepared in-house, by an academic department, and published only online – such form of publication has sometimes been in the blog format though some, like the open access journal Internet Archaeology, use the medium to embed searchable datasets, 3D models, and interactive mapping.
Historically, this has centered mainly on print-based academic journals.

Journal Citation Reports

JCRJCR databaseJournal Citation Reports/Science Edition
Clarivate Analytics' Journal Citation Reports, which among other features, computes an impact factor for academic journals, draws data for computation from the Science Citation Index Expanded (for natural science journals), and from the Social Sciences Citation Index (for social science journals).
It provides information about academic journals in the natural sciences and social sciences, including impact factors.